Pengobatan dan penanganan COVID-19: Perbedaan revisi

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=== Ventilasi mekanis ===
Sebagian besar pasien COVID-19 masuk dalam kategori tidak parah dan tidak memerlukan [[ventilasi mekanis]] atau alternatifnya, namun beberapa kasus memerlukan ventilasi mekanis.<ref name="murthy">{{cite journal | vauthors = Murthy S, Gomersall CD, Fowler RA | title = Care for Critically Ill Patients With COVID-19 | journal = JAMA | volume = 323 | issue = 15 | pages = 1499–1500 | date = Maret 2020 | doi = 10.1001/jama.2020.3633 | url = https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762996 |access-date=24 Maret 2021| url-status = live | doi-access = free | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20200318203852/https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762996 | archive-date =24 Maret 2021}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|publisher=[[World Health Organization]] (WHO)|date=28 Januari 2020|title=Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection is suspected|url=https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/clinical-management-of-novel-cov.pdf|access-date=24 Maret 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200226041620/https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/clinical-management-of-novel-cov.pdf|archive-date=26 February 2020|url-status=live}}</ref> Jenis bantuan pernapasan untuk pasien COVID-19 yang mengalami [[gagal napas]] sedang dipelajari secara aktif, dan beberapa bukti bahwa [[intubasi trakea|intubasi]] dapat dihindari dengan [[Heated humidified high -flow therapy | ''high flow nasal cannula'']] atau [[Positive airway pressure|''dwi-level positive airway pressure'']].<ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = Wang K, Zhao W, Li J, Shu W, Duan J | title = The experience of high-flow nasal cannula in hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in two hospitals of Chongqing, China | journal = Annals of Intensive Care | volume = 10 | issue = 1 | pages = 37 | date = March 2020 | pmid = 32232685 | pmc = 7104710 | doi = 10.1186/s13613-020-00653-z }}</ref> Dan tidak diketahui apakah salah satu dari keduanya bisa memberikan manfaat yang sama bagi orang yang sakit kritis.<ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = McEnery T, Gough C, Costello RW | title = COVID-19: Respiratory support outside the intensive care unit | journal = The Lancet. Respiratory Medicine | date = April 2020 | volume = 8 | issue = 6 | pages = 538–539 | pmid = 32278367 | pmc = 7146718 | doi = 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30176-4 }}</ref> Beberapa dokter lebih suka tetap menggunakan [[ventilasi mekanis]] invasif bila tersedia karena teknik ini dapat membatasi penyebaran partikel [[Aerosol|aerosol]].<ref name="murthy" />
 
Ventilasi mekanis telah dilakukan kepada 79% pasien kritis di rumah sakit, termasuk 62% yang sebelumnya telah menerima perawatan lain. Dari jumlah tersebut 41% meninggal, berdasarkan hasil penelitian di [[Amerika Serikat]].<ref>{{cite journal|vauthors=Cummings MJ, Baldwin MR, Abrams D, Jacobson SD, Meyer BJ, Balough EM, Aaron JG, Claassen J, Rabbani LE, Hastie J, Hochman BR, Salazar-Schicchi J, Yip NH, Brodie D, O'Donnell MR | display-authors=6 |date=Juni 2020 |title=Epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of critically ill adults with COVID-19 in New York City: a prospective cohort study |journal=The Lancet |volume=395|issue=10239|pages=1763–70|doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31189-2|doi-access=free|title-link=doi }} Diakses tanggal 24 Maret 2021.</ref>