Elvis Costello: Perbedaan revisi

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[[ImageBerkas:ecostello3.jpg|thumb|150px|left|Elvis Costello, striking an early pose.]]
Costello's first album for Stiff, ''[[My Aim Is True]]'' (1977), was a moderate commercial success (No. 14 in the UK and Top 40 in the US) with Costello appearing on the cover in his trademark oversize glasses, bearing a striking resemblance to a menacing [[Buddy Holly]]. Costello's backing on this first album was provided by American West Coast band Clover, a roots/country outfit who would later become [[Huey Lewis and The News]]. Costello was marketed as a [[New wave music|new wave]] artist or a [[punk rock|punk]]. The same year, Costello recruited his own permanent band, The Attractions, consisting of [[Steve Nieve]] (born Steve Nason; piano), [[Bruce Thomas]] (bass guitar), and [[Pete Thomas]] (unrelated to Bruce Thomas; drums). He released his first major hit single, "Watching The Detectives," recorded with Nieve and the pair of Steve Goulding (drums) and Andrew Bodnar (bass), both members of [[Graham Parker]] & The Rumour.
Stiff was a new independent UK label, formed to provide an outlet for practioners in the then-burgeoning pub rock scene in London. Its records were initially distributed only in the UK, which meant that Costello's first album and singles were initially available in the US as imports only. In an attempt to change this, Costello was arrested for [[busking]] outside of a London convention of CBS (Columbia Records) executives, "protesting" the fact that no US record company had yet seen fit to release Elvis Costello records in the United States. Costello signed to CBS in the US a few months later.
[[ImageBerkas:Elvis Costello And The Attractions - Radio Radio single picture cover.jpg|thumb|right|The picture cover of ''Radio Radio'']]
In December 1977, Costello and The Attractions appeared on ''[[Saturday Night Live]]'' as a last minute fill-in for the Sex Pistols. During the live broadcast, Costello played the first few bars of "Less Than Zero," then--much to the shock of the program's producers--stopped and broke into a spirited rendition of the then-unreleased "Radio, Radio" (despite having been denied permission to play that song because of its anti-corporate message). Costello was not invited to perform on ''Saturday Night Live'' again for 12 years (his next appearance finally coming in 1989, when the ''Spike'' album was a U.S. hit).
[[ImageBerkas:ecostello1.jpg|thumb|200px|left|Elvis Costello, ''King of America.'']]
''[[Get Happy!!]]'' would thus be the first, and - along with ''King Of America'' - possibly most successful, of Costello's many experiments with genres beyond those he is normally associated with (the single, "I Can't Stand Up For Falling Down" was an old [[Sam and Dave]] song, though Costello increased the [[tempo]] considerably). The brevity of the songs (20 tracks in under 50 minutes) suited the band's new style (the Thomas' typically melodic rhythm section and Nieve's reasonable impersonation of [[Booker T Jones]]) as well as the frantic and stressful conditions under which it was written and recorded, crammed between live dates and fuelled by excessive drinking. Lyrically, the songs are full of Costello's signature [[wordplay]], to the point that he later felt he'd become something of a self-parody and toned it down on later releases. He has mockingly described himself in interviews as "rock and roll's Scrabble champion."
The Attractions felt understandably insecure about their dispensability upon perceiving that their boss had cut a new album largely without them, and was planning to undertake a major tour showcasing the ''King of America'' material with his new musical partners. To allay their fears, Costello retooled his upcoming tour to allow for multiple nights in each city; playing one night with The Confederates (James Burton et al.), one night with The Attractions, and one night solo acoustic. In New York City he played five nights in a row! This arrangement put a strain on fans' stamina and wallets, as many wanted to see as many of the permutations available in their area as possible, not just one.
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<!--Later that year, he returned to the studio with the Attractions and recorded ''[[Blood and Chocolate]]'', which was lauded for a post-punk fervor not heard since 1978's ''[[This Year's Model]]''. It also marked the return of producer [[Nick Lowe]], who had produced Costello's first five albums. While ''[[Blood and Chocolate]]'' failed to chart a hit single of any significance, it did produce what has since become one of Costello's signature concert songs — "I Want You". It is on this album that Costello adopted the alias "[[Napoleon Dynamite]]", the name he later attributed to the character of the obnoxious [[emcee]] that he played during the [[vaudeville]]-style tour to support ''Blood and Chocolate''. (The pseudonym had previously been used in 1982, when the B-side single "Imperial Bedroom" was credited to "Napoleon Dynamite & The Royal Guard".)
[[ImageBerkas:ecostello10.jpg|thumb|200px|left|Elvis Costello in the mid-1990s.]]
In 1991, Costello released the aforementioned ''Mighty Like A Rose'', during which time he infamously grew a long beard. The album featured the single "The Other Side of Summer".