Perfilman India: Perbedaan revisi

402 bita ditambahkan ,  6 bulan yang lalu
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| alt =
| caption = Poster Alam Ara (1931), [[film bersuara]] India pertama
| screens = 10,020 (2010)<ref name=screens_uis>{{cite web|title=Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity|url=http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=5542|publisher=UNESCO Institute for Statistics|accessdate=5 November 2013|archive-date=2018-12-25|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181225053211/http://data.uis.unesco.org/?ReportId=5542|dead-url=yes}}</ref>
| screens_per_capita = 0.9 per 100,000 (2010)<ref name=screens_uis/>
| distributors = <!-- {{br separated entries|entry1|entry2|entry3}} <ref name=distributors_uis>{{cite web|title=Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)|url=http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/reportFolders.aspx|publisher=UNESCO Institute for Statistics|accessdate=5 November 2013}}</ref> -->
| produced_documentary =
| admissions_year = 2010
| admissions_ref = <ref name=adm_gross_uis>{{cite web|title=Table 11: Exhibition - Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)|url=http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=5538|publisher=UNESCO Institute for Statistics|accessdate=5 November 2013|archive-date=2018-12-25|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181225053209/http://data.uis.unesco.org/?ReportId=5538|dead-url=yes}}</ref>
| admissions_total = 2,706,000,000
| admissions_national =
'''Sinema India''' terdiri dari film-film yang dibuat di seluruh India, yang meliputi budaya-budaya sinematik [[sinema Telugu|Andhra Pradesh dan Telengana]], [[sinema Assam|Assam]], [[sinema Bihar|Bihar]], [[sinema Gujarat|Gujarat]], [[sinema Haryanvi|Haryana]], [[Kashmiriyat|Jammu dan Kashmir]], [[sinema Santali|Jharkhand]], [[sinema Kannada|Karnataka]], [[sinema Malayalam|Kerala]], [[sinema Marathi|Maharashtra]], [[sinema Oriya|Odisha]], [[sinema Punjab|Punjab]], [[sinema Rajasthan|Rajasthan]], [[sinema Tamil|Tamil Nadu]], [[sinema Bengal Barat|Bengal Barat]], [[Bollywood]] dan lain-lain.<ref>{{cite news|author=Hasan Suroor|url=http://www.thehindu.com/arts/sharmila-tagore-honoured-by-edinburgh-university/article4031942.ece|title=Arts : Sharmila Tagore honoured by Edinburgh University|work=The Hindu|date=26 Oktober 2012|accessdate=1 November 2012}}</ref> Film-film India menyebar ke seluruh [[Asia Selatan]], [[Timur Tengah Besar]], [[Asia Tenggara]], dan negara-negara yang berada di bekas wilayah [[Uni Soviet]]. Sinema menjadi sebuah alat untuk meraih ketenaran di negara tersebut dan sekitar 1,600 film dalam berbahasa [[bahasa di India]] dibuat setiap tahunnya.<ref name=produce/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sebi.gov.in/dp/gvfilms.pdf |title=Electrolux-2nd |format=PDF |accessdate=6 Februari 2012}}</ref>
 
[[Dadasaheb Phalke]] dikenal sebagai ''Bapak Sinema India''.<ref name="thecolorsofindia1">{{cite news|url=http://www.thecolorsofindia.com/dadasaheb-phalke/father-indian-cinema.html|title=Dadasaheb Phalke Father of Indian Cinema|publisher=Thecolorsofindia.com|accessdate=1 November 2012}}</ref><ref name="google1">{{cite book|author = Bāpū Vāṭave|author2=National Book Trust|title = Dadasaheb Phalke, the father of Indian cinema|url = http://books.google.com/?id=zTZnAAAAMAAJ|accessdate = 1 November 2012|year = 2004|publisher = National Book Trust|isbn = 978-81-237-4319-6 }}</ref><ref name="indiatimes1">{{cite news|author=Sachin Sharma|url=http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-06-28/vadodara/32456429_1_godhra-dadasaheb-phalke-father-of-indian-cinema|title=Godhra forgets its days spent with Dadasaheb Phalke|work=The Times of India|date=28 June 2012|accessdate=1 November 2012}}</ref><ref name="vilanilam128">{{cite book|last = Vilanilam|first = J. V.|title = Mass Communication in India: A Sociological Perspective|url = http://books.google.com/?id=nADAQgAACAAJ&pg=PA128|year = 2005|publisher = Sage Publications|location = New Delhi|isbn = 81-7829-515-6|page = 128 }}</ref> [[Penghargaan Dadasaheb Phalke]], yang merupakan sebuah penghargaan untuk seseorang atas jasa-jasa seumur hidupnya dalam bidang sinema, dibuat untuk menghormatinya, oleh [[Pemerintah India]] pada 1969, dan merupakan penghargaan paling prestisius dan disorot dalam sinema India.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.dff.nic.in/dadasahebphalke.asp|title=::Directorate of Film Festivals::|publisher=Dff.nic.in|date=10 Juni 2012|accessdate=1 November 2012|archive-date=2016-05-26|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160526044918/http://www.dff.nic.in/dadasahebphalke.asp|dead-url=yes}}</ref>
 
Pada abad ke-20, sinema India, bersama dengan [[Sinema Amerika Serikat|Hollywood]] dan [[Sinema China|industri film Tiongkok]], menjadi sebuah wirausaha global.<ref name="Khanna155">Khanna, 155</ref> Pada 2013, dalam hal film tahunan, India meraih peringkat pertama, disusul dengan [[Nollywood]],<ref name=produce/><ref>{{cite web |accessdate=26 March 2013 |url=http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=30707 |title=Nigeria surpasses Hollywood as world's second largest film producer – UN |publisher=United Nations |date=5 May 2009}}</ref> [[Sinema Amerika Serikat|Hollywood]] dan China.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-01-10/india/28358616_1_film-industry-chinese-film-chinese-movie|work=The Times of India|title=Chinese film industry races close to Bollywood|date=10 January 2011}}</ref> Pada 2012, India membuat 1,602 film fitur dengan [[sinema Tamil]] yang memimpin disusul dengan [[Sinema Telugu]] dan [[Bollywood]].<ref name=produce/> Industri film India meraih pendapatan sebesar $1.86 miliar (INR 93 miliar) pada 2011. Jumlah tersebut diperkirakan akan meningkat menjadi $3 miliar (INR 150 miliar) pada 2016.<ref>[http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/bollywood-2012-nine-blockbusters-406727 Bollywood 2012: Nine Blockbusters]. Hollywoodreporter.com (2012-12-28). Retrieved on 2013-07-29.</ref>