Wikipedia:Kelayakan artikel/Organisasi dan perusahaan: Perbedaan revisi

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===Tak ada kelayakan yang tetap===
{{shortcut|WP:ORGSIG}}
Tidak ada perusahaan atau organisasi layak secara tetap, apapun jenis organisasinya, termasuk sekolah.<ref>ButLihat see alsopula [[WP:SCHOOLOUTCOMESSEKOLAH]], especially for universities</ref> Jika organisasi memiliki sedikit atau bahkan tidak ada sama sekali sumber independen, dianggap tidak layak karena apa pun perusahaan yang ada [[WP:ENN|belum tentu layak]]. Ingat, "layak (''notable'')" TIDAK SAMA DENGAN "terkenal" atau "penting!" Tidak masalah seberapa "pentingnya" perusahaan Anda harus memiliki artikel di Wikipedia, tetapi sumber tepercaya itulah yang akan menentukan apakah artikel Anda dihapus
 
Dalam mengevaluasi kelayakan organisasi, atau produk, pertimbangkan apakah mereka sudah mempunyai dampak bagi masyarakat, budaya, hiburan, olahraga, ekonomi, sejarah, literatur, ilmu pengetahuan, atau pendidikan. Perusahaan besar dan produknya banyak memiliki informasi [[WP:V|terverifikasi]] dari sumber tepercaya yang bisa membuktikan kelayakan tersebut. Akan tetapi, perusahaan kecil dan produknya bisa layak. Yang penting, artikel Anda tidak boleh menciptakan suatu bias yang dapat menguntungkan organisasi atau produk Anda, mengingat kebanyakan artikel bertopik perusahaan kecil atau perseorangan sekalipun, tidak diperbolehkan disertakan karena [[WP:IKLAN|Wikipedia bukan tempat untuk beriklan]].[[WP:NOTADVERTISING]].
# [[WP:SECONDARY|sumber sekunder]].
 
Tambahannya, sumber yang diberikan juga harus sebanyak-banyaknya dan tidak bolehjangan hanya satu. Jika sumbernya diragukan, sumber tersebut harus dihilangkan atau ditandai belum bisa membangun kelayakan.
 
{{Quote box
*pernyataan yang cepat usang seperti
** penghargaan tidak ''notable'' yang diterima organisasi, orang atau produknya
** pernah menjadi sponsor terhadap acara, organisasi nirlaba, atau sukarelawan,
** of sponsorship of events, non-profit organizations, or volunteer work,
** kutipan cerita dari anggota organisasi
** in quotations from an organization's personnel as story sources,
** janji perusahaan atau produk yang dibahas (contoh. "Menanggapi protes tersebut, perusahaan seperti Acme Inc, telah berjanji untuk mengatasi kondisi kerja di pabrik mereka")
** as an example of a type of company or product being discussed (e.g. "In response to the protests, various companies, such as Acme Inc, have pledged to address working conditions in their factories")
* inclusionpenyertaan indalam listsdaftar ofperusahaan similar organizationsterbaik, particularly in "best of",misalnya "top 100", "fastest growing" or similar lists,<ref>IfJika thedaftar listitu itself is [[Wikipedia:Notable|notable]]layak, such as themisalnya [[Fortune 500]] and thedan ''[[Michelin Guide]]'', thepenyertaannya inclusionsama countsseperti likesumber any other reliable sourcelainnya, buttetapi ittidak doeslepas not exempt the article from thedari [[WP:NRVE|normal value ofkewajiban providingmenyertakan evidencebukti]] thatyang independentsumber sourcesindependennya discussmembahas thesubjek subject.itu</ref>
* penyertaan dalam kumpulan yang memiliki kriteria yang terlalu bebas (yaitu berusaha untuk memasukkan setiap item yang ada daripada memilih contoh terbaik, yang paling layak), misalnya basis data, arsip, direktori, kamus, bibliografi, almanak,
* inclusion in collections that have indiscriminate inclusion criteria (i.e. attempt to include every existing item instead of selecting the best, most notable examples), such as databases, archives, directories, dictionaries, bibliographies, certain almanacs,
* penyertaan keterlibatannya dalam acara, insiden, kontroversi yang hanya berskala lokal (lihat [[wikipedia:Kelayakan artikel/Organisasi dan perusahaan#Audiensi|#Audiensi]]),
* coverage of purely local events, incidents, controversies (see also [[#Audience]] below),
* ceramah, kuliah, dan presentasi yang dilakukan oleh anggota perusahaan
* presentations, speeches, lectures, etc. given by organization's personnel,
* daftar dan pernyataan yang tidak disertai dengan komentar, survei, studi, diskusi, analisis, atau evaluasi produk, perusahaan, atau organisasi.
* other listings and mentions not accompanied by commentary, survey, study, discussion, analysis, or evaluation of the product, company, or organization.
 
Daftar ini dimaksudkan belum lengkap, lihat [[wikipedia:Kelayakan artikel/Organisasi dan perusahaan#Tinjauan produk|#Tinjauan produk]] terkait pembahasan lengkap tentang ulasan restoran, acara, dan produk apa yang memenuhi syarat sebagai cakupan yang signifikan.
The examples above are not meant to be exhaustive.
 
=====Contoh cakupan yang substansial=====
See [[#Product reviews]] for a full discussion on what reviews of restaurants, events, and products qualify as significant coverage.
* Artikel berita yang membahas kontroversi yang berhubungan dengan merger perusahaan
* Artikel ilmiah, bagian buku, atau liputan media yang membahas produk atau organisasi
* Film dokumenter yang membahas dampak lingkungan dari pabrik atau produk dari perusahaan
* Entri ensiklopedia atau buku sejarah yang membahas sejarah organisasi
* Laporan lembaga perlindungan konsumen tentang keamanan produk tertentu
* Panduan yang ditulis oleh orang yang independen terhadap subjek (misalnya ''[[For Dummies]]'').
 
=====Examples of substantial coverageAudiensi=====
Examples of substantial coverage that would generally be sufficient to meet the requirement:
* A news article discussing a prolonged controversy regarding a corporate merger,
* A scholarly article, a book passage, or ongoing media coverage focusing on a product or organization,
* A documentary film exploring environmental impact of the corporation's facilities or products,
* An encyclopedia entry giving an overview of the history of an organization,
* A report by a consumer watchdog organization on the safety of a specific product,
* An extensive how-to guide written by people wholly independent of the company or product (e.g. ''[[For Dummies]]'').
 
=====Audience=====
{{shortcut|WP:AUD}}
Audiensi sumber harus diperiksa. Bukti cakupan signifikan oleh media massa nasional, internasional, atau regional, adalah indikasi kelayakan yang kuat. Terkait media massa lokal dengan peredaran terbatas bukanlah indikasi kelayakan; tetapi setidak-tidaknya media yang beredar secara regional, provinsial, nasional, atau internasional harus diperlukan
The source's audience must also be considered. Evidence of significant coverage by international or national, or at least [[Newspaper#Local or regional|regional]], media is a strong indication of notability. On the other hand, attention <em>solely</em> from local media, or media of limited interest and circulation, is not an indication of notability; at least <em>one</em> regional, statewide, provincial, national, or international source is necessary.
 
=====IllegalPerilaku conductilegal=====
{{shortcut|WP:ILLCON}}
Terdapat kemungkinan adanya organisasi tidak terkenal akan memiliki sejumlah sumber penting yang membahas perilaku mereka yang melawan hukum. Sumber yang membahas perilaku ini tidak boleh digunakan untuk menyatakan "kelemahan organisasi". Namun, organisasi mungkin masih layak baik seluruhnya maupun sebagian karena sumber-sumber itu, tetapi dengan pedoman berbeda seperti [[WP:CRIME]].
It is possible that an organization that is not itself generally [[WP:NOTE|notable]] will have a number of significant sources discussing its (alleged) illegal conduct. Sources that primarily discuss purely such conduct shall not be used to establish an organization's notability per this guideline. However, the organization may still be notable, in whole or in part due to such sources, under different guidelines, e.g., [[WP:CRIME]].
 
====IndependentSumber sourcesindependen====
{{also|WP:INDEPENDENT|WP:COI}}
{{shortcut|WP:ORGIND}}
Uji kelayakan primer adalah apakah ada orang yang tidak memiliki hubungan atau kepentingan pribadi pada subjek sudah mempertimbangkan perusahaan, perusahaan, produk atau layanan layak dibuatkan artikel sehingga mereka telah menulis dan menerbitkan karya nontrivial dan nonrutin yang berfokus padanya. Promosi diri bukan jalan untuk memenuhi kualifikasi artikel ensiklopedia. Ada dua jenis independensi yang perlu dipertimbangkan ketika mengevaluasi sumber:
A primary test of notability is whether unrelated people with no [[Vested interest (communication theory)|vested interest]] in the subject have actually considered the company, corporation, product or service notable enough that they have written and published non-trivial, non-routine works that focus upon it. [[WP:SPIP|Self-promotion]] and [[product placement]] are not routes to qualifying for an encyclopedia article. There are two types of independence to consider when evaluating sources:
* Independensi ''pengarang'' (atau independensi fungsional): penulis tidak boleh memiliki kedekatan dengan perusahaan, organisasi, atau produk. Termasuk anggota organisasi, pemilik, investor, (sub)kontraktor, vendor, distributor, pemasok, rekan bisnis, pelanggan, kompetitor, sponsor dan tersponsor, dan pihak-pihak yang memperoleh untung atau rugi.
* Independence of the ''author'' (or functional independence): the author must be unrelated to the company, organization, or product. Related persons include organization's personnel, owners, investors, (sub)contractors, vendors, distributors, suppliers, other business partners and associates, customers, competitors, sponsors and sponsorees (including [[astroturfing]]), and other parties that have something, financially or otherwise, to gain or lose.
* Independensi ''konten'' (atau independensi intelektual): konten tidak boleh dibuat oleh pihak berkepentingan. Banyak pihak terkait subjek membuat teks naratif yang kemudian disalin, ditiru, atau diterbitkan baik sebagian atau seluruhnya oleh pihak-pihak independen. Konten independen, untuk bisa layak, harus berisi pendapat, analisis, investigasi, dan pengecekan fakta yang asli dan independen, dari sumber terafiliasi dengan subjek.
* Independence of the ''content'' (or intellectual independence): the content must not be produced by interested parties. Too often a related party produces a narrative that is then copied, regurgitated, and published in whole or in part by independent parties (as exemplified by [[churnalism]]). Independent content, in order to count towards establishing notability, must include original and independent opinion, analysis, investigation, and [[fact checking]] that are clearly attributable to a source unaffiliated to the subject.
 
[[TradePublikasi magazine|Tradedagang publications]]harus mustdiperlakukan be used with great carehati-hati. WhileMeski featurekarangan-karangan storieskhas<ref>AKarangan featurekhas storyadalah isartikel usuallybiasanya apanjang longeryang articlepenulisnya wheremeneliti thedan writermewawancarai hascerita researchedfaktual andtentang interviewed to tell a factual story about a personorang, placetempat, eventkejadian, idea, oratau issuemasalah. FeaturesKarangan arekhas nottidak opinion-drivenberpacu arepada moreopini in-depthdan memiliki kedalaman yang lebih thandari traditionalkarangan newsberita storiestradisional.</ref> fromdari leadingmajalah tradedagang magazinesbesar maybisa bedigunakan usedasal where independence is clearindependen, thereada isbanyak aorang presumptionyang againstmenolak themenggunakan usecakupan ofpublikasi coverageitu inuntuk trademembangun magazineskelayakan to establish notabilityartikel. This isHal becauseini businessesmengingat oftenbanyak usebadan theseusaha publicationsmenggunakan topublikasi increaseuntuk theirmeningkatkan visibilitycitranya.<ref>{{cite news|title=Trade magazines: Still a marketer’s best friend?|url=http://inprela.com/2017/05/30/trade-magazines-still-marketers-best-friend/|work=Inprela Communications|date=30 May 2017}}</ref>
 
Jika independensinya diragukan, pertimbangkan untuk menghilangkannya dari cari lagi sumber lain.
If a source's independence is of any doubt, it is better to exercise caution and exclude it from determining quality sources for the purposes of establishing notability. If contested, consensus on the use of sources can be sought at the [[Wikipedia:Reliable sources/Noticeboard|Reliable sources/Noticeboard]].
 
Jika sudah, sumber primer dan sumber yang dipublikasikan sendiri boleh digunakan dengan hati-hati untuk memverifikasi isi artikelnya. Mohon baca dulu [[Wikipedia:Otobiografi]] untuk informasi mengenai masalah verifikasi dan kenetralan yang mempengaruhi materi tersebut saat subjek artikelnya adalah sumber materi.
Once notability is established, [[WP:PRIMARY|primary sources]] and [[WP:Identifying and using self-published works|self-published sources]] ''may'' be used with appropriate care to verify some of the article's content. See [[Wikipedia:Autobiography]] for the verifiability and neutrality problems that affect material where the subject of the article itself is the source of the material.
 
=====ExamplesContoh ofsumber dependent coveragedependen=====
* rilisan pers dan materi-materi kehumasan
Examples of dependent coverage that is ''not'' sufficient to establish notability:
* materi yang dirilis berdasarkan rilisan pers bahkan jika sumbernya independen
* press releases, press kits, or similar [[public relations]] materials
* iklan dan pemasaran yang dibuat oleh organisasi itu
* any material that is substantially based on such press releases even if published by independent sources ([[churnalism]]),
* artikel yang berbayar atau bersponsor
* advertising and marketing materials by, about, or on behalf of the organization,
**bahkan jika kontributornya independen seperti [[Forbes]], [[Huffington Post]], [[Entrepreneur.com]], [[Inc.com]], [[TechCrunch]], [[Medium.com]], dan publikasi lain yang menerima kontribusi publik tetapi tidak memberikan pengawasan editorial atas konten yang dikirimkan,
**including pieces like "case studies" or "success stories" by Chambers of Commerce, business incubators, consulting firms, etc.
* materi yang dipublikasikan sendiri (vanitas)
* any paid or sponsored articles, posts, and other publications,
* paten baik yang sedang menunggu atau sudah ditetapkan,<ref>Paten ditulis dan diterbitkan oleh di bawah komando penemu atau organisasi yang mendaftarkan paten. Isinya ''tidak'' diverifikasi untuk menjadi akurat oleh lembaga paten atau lembaga independen.</ref>
**including pieces by non-staff "contributors" to [[Forbes]], [[Huffington Post]], [[Entrepreneur.com]], [[Inc.com]], [[TechCrunch]], [[Medium.com]], and other publications that accept public contributions and that do not provide meaningful editorial oversight of the submitted content,
* materi yang ditulis atau dipublikasikan oleh organisasi, anggotanya, atau sumber yang dekat dengan itu, baik langsung maupun tidak langsung
* [[wikt:self-publishing|self-published]] materials, including [[vanity press]],
* karya lain yang membahas cerita yang ditulis oleh perusahaan, badan usaha, organisasi—baik yang dipublikasikan sendiri, atau dicetak ulang oleh pihak lain (contohnya autobiografi ''[[Who's Who]]'').
* [[patent]]s, whether pending or granted,<ref>Patents are written and published solely at the direction of the inventor or organization that the inventor assigned the patent to. Their contents are ''not'' verified to be accurate by the patent offices or any other independent agency. See [[Wikipedia:Reliable source examples#Are patents reliable sources?]].</ref>
* any material written or published, including websites, by the organization, its members, or sources closely associated with it, directly or indirectly,
* other works in which the company, corporation, organization, or group talks about itself—whether published by itself, or re-printed by other people (for example, self-submitted biographies to ''[[Who's Who]]'').
 
====MultipleBanyak sourcessumber====
{{shortcut|WP:MULTSOURCES}}
Satu sumber saja belum cukup untuk membangun kelayakan.
A single significant independent source is almost never sufficient for demonstrating the notability of an organization.
 
"SourceSumber" ondapat Wikipediaberasal candari refer to the work itselfkaryanya, the author of the workpengarangnya, and/oratau the publisher of the workpenerbitnya. Untuk Fortujuan notabilitykelayakan, purposes,sumber sourcesharus musttidak beterkait unrelatedsatu tosama eachlain otheruntuk tobisa bedikatakan "multiplebanyak". ABerita storydari fromlembaga aberita single news organizationtunggal (such asseperti [[Associated Press|AP]]) reprinteddisalin indi multiplebanyak newspaperskoran (say, inkatakanlah thedi ''[[Los Angeles Times]]'', the ''[[Chicago Tribune]]'', and thedan ''[[Orlando Sentinel]]'') ismasih stilldianggap onesatu source (one newspaper article)sumber. IfJika multiplebanyak journalistsjurnalis atpada multiplebanyak newspaperskoran separatelymenulis andsubjek independentlytersebut writeterpisah aboutdan the same subjectindependen, thensumber-sumber eachtersebut ofdianggap these unrelated articles should be considered separate sourcesterpisah, evenbahkan ifjika theyapa areyang writingakan aboutdibahas theitu samemerujuk event"kejadian" oratau "storycerita". yang Asama. seriesSeri ofartikel articlesyang byditulis theoleh samesatu journalistpengarang ismasih stilldianggap treated"satu as one source (one person)sumber". Artikel Theberbeda appearanceyang oftayang differentdalam articleskoran inyang thesama samejuga newspaper"satu is still one source (one publisher)sumber". Similarly,Seri abuku seriesyang ofditulis booksoleh bypengarang theyang samesama authorjuga is"satu one sourcesumber".
 
Keberadaan banyak sumber independen harap ditunjukkan. Sumber hipotetis (misalnya "perusahaan ini besar/tua/penting sehingga harus butuh banyak sumber, tapi saya tidak mau mencarinya") akan gagal memenuhi kriteria kelayakan.
The existence of multiple significant independent sources needs to be demonstrated. Hypothetical sources (e.g. "the company is big/old/important so there must be more sources, I just don't have/can't find them") do not count towards the notability requirement.
 
Kata "banyak" sama sekali tidak berkaitan dengan angka, tetapi bergantung jenis organisasi dan produk. Penulis harus mempertimbangkan bias-bias tertentu, seperti keterkinian (ketersediaan sumber-sumber terkini) ketika menilai perusahaan bersejarah atau bias sistemik (ketersedian sumber-sumber Barat/berbahasa Inggris) ketika membahas organisasi di negara berkembang. Oleh karena itu, misalnya, organisasi hak wanita Bangladesh sejak 1960-an akan layak dengan cukup satu dua sumber berkualitas, yang mungkin tidak layak bagi perusahaan rintisan teknologi yang berada di wilayah metropolitan besar Amerika Serikat.
The word "multiple" is not a set number and depends on the type of organization or product. Editors should recognize certain biases, such as [[Wikipedia:Recentism|recentism]] (greater availability of recent sources) when assessing historical companies or [[Wikipedia:Systemic bias|systemic bias]] (greater availability of English and Western sources) when discussing organizations in the developing world. Therefore, for example, a Bangladeshi women's rights organization from the 1960s might establish notability with just one or two quality sources, while the same is not true for a tech start-up in a major U.S. metropolitan area.
 
====ReliableSumber sourcestepercaya====
{{see also|WP:SOURCESUMBER|WP:RSST}}
Sumber tepercaya adalah sumber pihak ketiga yang mempunyai reputasi sebagai pemeriksa fakta dan akurasi. Sumber terbaik memiliki struktur profesional terkait pemeriksaan atau analisis fakta, masalah hukum, bukti, dan argumentasi. Semakin besar pengawasannya, semakin dapat tepercaya sumbernya. Sumber dipertanyakan adalah sumber-sumber yang reputasinya buruk dalam memeriksa fakta, tanpa penelaahan editorial, atau memiliki konflik kepentingan. Sumber yang dipublikasikan sendiri umumnya gagal sebagai sumber tepercaya.
Reliable sources, generally, are third-party published sources with a reputation for fact-checking and accuracy. The best sources have a professional structure in place for checking or analyzing facts, legal issues, evidence, and arguments. The greater the degree of scrutiny given to these issues, the more reliable the source. Questionable sources are those that have a poor reputation for checking the facts, lack meaningful editorial oversight, or have an apparent conflict of interest. Self-published sources are generally not accepted as reliable sources. For a full discussion on what is and what is not a reliable source, see [[Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources]].
 
====SecondarySumber sourcessekunder====
{{see also|WP:SECONDARY}}
 
Sumber sekunder berasal dari pemikiran yang dibuat berdasarkan sumber primer. Misalnya, analisis, evaluasi, interpretasi, sintesis fakta, bukti, konsep, dan ide dari sumber primer. Tidak harus signifikan, tepercaya, bahkan independen sekalipun. Sumber primer adalah materi asli yang dekat dengan kejadian dan sering ditulis oleh orang yang terlibat. Sumber primer bukan patokan untuk membangun kelayakan artikel. Yang merupakan sumber primer:
A [[secondary source]] provides an author's own thinking based on primary sources, generally at least one step removed from an event. It contains an author's analysis, evaluation, interpretation, or synthesis of the facts, evidence, concepts, and ideas taken from primary sources. Secondary sources are not necessarily significant, reliable or independent sources.
* laporan tahunan perusahaan
* memoar atau wawancara oleh direksi
* rilisan pers dan pengumuman
* putusan pengadilan dan paten
* audit oleh pemerintah
* testimoni oleh konsumen
* petunjuk pedoman pemilik produk
 
====Tinjauan produk====
A [[primary source]] is original material that is close to an event, and is often an account written by people who are directly involved. Primary sources cannot be used to establish notability. In a business setting, frequently encountered primary sources include:
* corporate annual or financial reports, proxy statements,
* memoirs or interviews by executives,
* public announcements of corporate actions (press releases),
* court filings, patent applications,
* government audit or inspection reports,
* customer testimonials or complaints,
* product instruction manuals or specifications.
 
====Product reviews====
{{shortcut|WP:PRODUCTREV}}
Product, event, and restaurant reviews (i.e. where author describes personal opinions and experiences) must be handled with great care and diligence. Some types of reviews have a longer history and established traditions (e.g. restaurants, wine, books, movies), while other (e.g. new tech gadgets, travel blogs) are newer and more prone to manipulation by marketing and public relations personnel. Like any other source, reviews must meet the primary criteria to be counted towards the notability requirement:
#Be reliable: the reviews must be published in reliable sources that provide editorial oversight and strive to maintain objectivity. Self-published reviews (e.g. most blogs) do not qualify.
 
==Catatan khusus: iklan, promosi, dan visi-misi==
==Special note: advertising and promotion==
{{shortcut|WP:ADPROMOPROMO|WP:VISIMISI}}
 
[[WP:NOTADVERTISING|Advertising]] is prohibited as an official Wikipedia policy. Advertising should be removed by following these steps, in order:
Sesuai [[WP:IKLAN|kebijakan]], '''dilarang keras beriklan, menulis dengan gaya profil perusahaan, dan visi-misi di Wikipedia'''. Untuk hal tersebut Anda dipersilakan:
# [[Wikipedia:cleanup|Clean up]] per [[Wikipedia:NPOV]]
# [[Wikipedia:cleanup|merapikan]] mengikuti [[Wikipedia:NPOV|Wikipedia:SPN]].
# Erase remaining advertising content from the article
# menghilangkan bagian yang terkesan beriklan.
# Delete the article by listing it at [[Wikipedia:Articles for deletion]] if no notable content remains. However, if an article contains only blatant advertising, with no other useful content, it may be tagged per [[Wikipedia:Criteria for speedy deletion]] instead.
# meminta penghapusan mengikuti [[Wikipedia:Kriteria penghapusan cepat]].
 
==Kriteria lain pada kasus khusus==
==Alternate criteria for specific types of organizations==
The following sections discuss alternate methods for establishing notability in specific situations. '''No organization is considered notable except to the extent that independent sources demonstrate that it has been noticed by people outside of the organization.''' These criteria constitute an optional, alternative method for demonstrating notability. Organizations are considered notable if they meet one of the following sourcing requirements
# these alternate criteria,