[[Image:Basilica.Francis04.jpg|thumb|300px|Bagian bawah dan atas [[Basilika]] dan ''porticus'' (teras pintu masuk), terlihat dari Piazza delle Logge.]]
== History ==
The Franciscan [[monastery]] ([[Sacro Convento]]) and the lower and upper church (''[[Basilica]] inferiore e superiore'') of [[Francis of Assisi|St Francis]] were begun immediately after his [[canonization]] in []. Simone di Pucciarello donated the land for the church, a hill at the west side of Assisi, known as "Hill of Hell" (it. ''Collo d'Inferno'' - here the criminals were put to death). Today, this hill is aptly called "Hill of Paradise".
The foundation stone was laid by [[Pope Gregory IX]] on 17 July 1228, although construction may already have been begun. This impressive church was designed and supervised by brother Elia Bombardone, one of the first followers of St. Francis and the former provincial minister of [[Syria]]. The lower basilica was finished in []. On [[Pentecost]] [[25 May]] [] the uncorrupted body of St. Francis was brought in a solemn [[procession]] to the lower basilica from its temporary burial place in the church of St. George (now the basilica of [[St. Clare of Assisi|St. Clare]]). The construction of the upper basilica was begun after []. Construction was completed in []. Its architecture is a synthesis of [[Romanesque architecture|Romanesque]] and French [[Gothic architecture|Gothic]] artwork, establishing many of the typical characteristics of Italian Gothic architecture.
[[Image:Basilica.Francis02.jpg|thumb|left|Basilica and friary, as seen from the plain below]]▼
Basilica and friary, as seen from the plain below
The churches have been decorated by the greatest late medieval Roman, [[Umbria]]n and Tuscan artists of their time, giving these churches an unequaled importance in the development of Italian art. The lower church has [[fresco]]s by renowned late-medieval [[artist]]s, such as [[Cimabue]] and [[Giotto di Bondone|Giotto]]; in the upper church are a series frescoes depicting scenes in the life of St Francis attributed to Giotto and his circle.