Adiantum philippense: Perbedaan revisi

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'''''Adiantum philippense,''''' syn. '''''A. lunulatum''''' adalah jenis suplir yang mudah ditemukan liar di kawasan Asia tropika dan juga menyebar hingga Afrika dan Madagaskar.
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(''Goyali Lota, Kalijhant'' in [[Bengali language|Bengali]]: গয়ালী লতা, ''Hamsapadi, Kitamata, Tripadika'' in [[Sanskrit]], ''Jarigida'' in [[Kannada]], ''Hamsapadi'' in [[Hindi]] ), also known as '''walking maidenhair fern''', or '''black maidenhair''',<ref>{{cite web|author=Prof. C.P. Khare |url=http://www.springerreference.com/docs/html/chapterdbid/67986.html |title=Adiantum lunulatum Burm |publisher=Springerreference.com |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref> is a species of maidenhair fern (''[[Adiantum]]'') that is widely distributed through the southern hemisphere, notably [[Asia]], [[Africa]], and [[Madagascar]]. -->
 
==Taxonomy Pertelaan ==
Jenis suplir dengan ental cenderung tidak bercabang (''pinnate'') yang muncul dari rimpang menjalar. Ental menjuntai atau agak tegak. Tangkai daun hitam, licin, serupa dengan jenis-jenis suplir lain. Helai daun (''pinnae'') berwarna hijau terang, berbentuk agak bundar ketika tumbuhan masih kecil, namun menjadi berbentuk bulan separuh ketika sudah besar (dari sini diambil nama ''lunulatum'', berarti "seperti bulan")<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/6122253/overview |title=Adiantum lunulatum - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life |publisher=Eol.org |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref>. Permukaannya rata (''glabrous''). Sori dilindungi oleh lipatan tepi daun.
The species was named by [[Carl Linnaeus]] in 1753. It was [[lectotype|lectotypified]] by [[Rodolfo Emilio Giuseppe Pichi-Sermolli|R.E.G. Pichi-Sermolli]] in 1957 based on an illustration by [[James Petiver]]. The identifiability of this illustration was disputed, leading some authorities to deprecate ''A.&nbsp;philippense'' as a ''nomen dubium'' and use the next available name for the taxon, ''Adiantum lunulatum'' <small>[[Nicolaas Laurens Burman|Burm.f.]]</small>.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/6122253/names |title=Taxonomic Information for Adiantum lunulatum - Biological Classifications & Names - Encyclopedia of Life |publisher=Eol.org |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref> Burman conferred this specific epithet based on its half-moon shaped [[pinnation|pinnae]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/6122253/overview |title=Adiantum lunulatum - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life |publisher=Eol.org |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref> However, Christopher Fraser-Jenkins located the original material and drawing of the lectotype sent to Petiver by [[Georg Joseph Kamel]] in the [[Hans Sloane|Sloane]] Herbarium, making clear the application of the name ''A.&nbsp;philippense''.
 
''AdiantumTumbuhan philippense''ini growsmudah inditemukan adi creepingdataran orrendah semi-erectsampai position.tinggi, Itsdi [[frond]]stempat-tempat arelembab archedtepi andparit tufted.atau Thesungai, fern is notably overall very glabrous and smooth. It grows on streambankstebing, often on [[lithophyte|rocks]]serta inrekahan [[forest]]sbatu andatau [[woodland]]tembok.<ref>{{cite web|author=Burm.f. |url=http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101010 |title=Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Adiantum lunulatum |publisher=Zimbabweflora.co.zw |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref>
== Description ==
''Adiantum philippense'' grows in a creeping or semi-erect position. Its [[frond]]s are arched and tufted. The fern is notably overall very glabrous and smooth. It grows on streambanks, often on [[lithophyte|rocks]] in [[forest]]s and [[woodland]].<ref>{{cite web|author=Burm.f. |url=http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101010 |title=Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Adiantum lunulatum |publisher=Zimbabweflora.co.zw |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref>
 
==Distribution Taksonomi ==
Karena tampilannya cukup bervariasi, sempat terjadi kebingungan dalam taksonomi. [[Linnaeus]] pertama kali memberi nama ''A. philippense'' pada tahun 1753. [[James Petiver]] membuat ilustrasi mengenai jenis ini dan kemudian dijadikan dasar sebagai [[lektotipe]] (gambar/spesimen rujukan) oleh [[Rodolfo Emilio Giuseppe Pichi-Sermolli|R.E.G. Pichi-Sermolli]] pada tahun 1957. Namun, gambar rujukan tersebut diragukan keasliannya, sehingga beberapa ahli memasukannya sebagai ''nomen dubium'' (nama yang tidak jelas) dan memilih alternatif pertama, ''A. lunulatum''<small>[[Nicolaas Laurens Burman|Burm.f.]]</small>.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eol.org/pages/6122253/names |title=Taxonomic Information for Adiantum lunulatum - Biological Classifications & Names - Encyclopedia of Life |publisher=Eol.org |date= |accessdate=2013-12-06}}</ref>. Baru ketika Christopher Fraser-Jenkins berhasil menemukan material dan gambar asli yang dikirimkan oleh Petiver kepada [[Georg Joseph Kamel]] di Herbarium [[Hans Sloane|Sloane]], keraguan tersebut hilang dan nama ''A. philippense'' yang lebih utama dipakai.
''Adiantum philippense'' can be found across south-east Asia. It inhabits tropical areas in [[Bangladesh]], [[India]], [[Thailand]], and [[Cambodia]].
 
== Persebaran ==
''Adiantum philippense'' candapat beditemukan foundliar across south-eastdi [[Asia.]] Ittropika, inhabitsmulai tropicaldari areas inIndia, [[Bangladesh]], [[IndiaThailand]], [[ThailandCambodia]], andsampai [[CambodiaMalesia]].
 
==Gallery==
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