Minyan: Perbedaan revisi

34 bita ditambahkan ,  3 bulan yang lalu
k
Bot: Perubahan kosmetika
(←Membuat halaman berisi '{{Infobox Halacha |image= |caption= |verse={{Alkitab|Imamat 22:32}} |talmud=Megillah 23b; Sanhedrin 74b |talmudy=Megillah 4:4...')
 
k (Bot: Perubahan kosmetika)
 
{{Infobox Halacha |image= |caption= |verse={{Alkitab|Imamat 22:32}} |talmud=[[Gulungan Ester|Megillah]] 23b; [[Sanhedrin]] 74b |talmudy=[[Gulungan Ester|Megillah]] 4:4 |mishnah=[[Gulungan Esher|Megillah]] 4:3 |rambam=Hilchot Tefillah 8:1 |sa=[[Orach Chayim]] 55}}
[[FileBerkas:JaffaMaariv.jpg|thumbjmpl|rightka|Doa Minyan Ma'ariv di sebuah toko Jaffa [[Tel Aviv]]]]
Dalam [[Agama Yahudi]], '''''minyan''''' ({{lang-he-n|מניין \ מִנְיָן}} ''minyán'' {{IPA-he|minˈjan|}}, [[terjemahan harfiah|harfiah]] (pengucapan ''hitungan, bilangan''; jamak {{Hebrew|מניינים \ מִנְיָנִים}} ''minyaním'' {{IPA-he|minjaˈnim|}}) adalah [[kuorum]] sepuluh orang Yahudi dewasa yang disyaratkan untuk [[Mitzvah|perayaan-perayaan keagamaan]] tertentu. Dalam aliran Yahudi tradisional, hanya laki-laki yang terhitung dalam minyan. Dalam aliran yang lebih modern (non-Ortodoks), [[Wanita dalam agama Yahudi|wanita juga dihitung]].<ref name="Fine">{{cite web|url=http://www.rabbinicalassembly.org/sites/default/files/public/halakhah/teshuvot/19912000/oh_55_1_2002.pdf|title=Women and the Minyan|last=Fine|first=Rabbi David J.|date=12 June 2012|work=Committee on Jewish Law and Standards of the Rabbinical Assembly|publisher=Rabbinical Assembly|language=English, Hebrew|accessdate=23 May 2011|location=New York, NY}}</ref><ref name="Golinkin">{{cite web|url=http://www.responsafortoday.com/engsums/6_5.htm|title=Women in the Minyan and as Shelihot Tzibbur|last=Golinkin|first=Rabbi David|work=Va'ad Halakhah – English Summaries|publisher=Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies|accessdate=23 May 2011|location=Jerusalem, Israel|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110719175019/http://www.responsafortoday.com/engsums/6_5.htm|archive-date=2011-07-19|url-status=dead}}</ref>
 
== Bacaan tambahan ==
* [[Rachel Adler|Adler, Rachel]]. "Innovation and authority : a feminist reading of the "women’s minyan" responsum" In Gender Issues in Jewish Law (2001) 3–32
* [[Michael Broyde|Broyde, Michael J]].; Wolowelsky, Joel B. "Further on women as prayer leaders and their role in communal prayer; an exchange." Judaism. 42,4 (1993) 387–395.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Splitting the worshipers into two minyanim for the sake of two mourners." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); [[Yoreh Deah]] vol. 4, ch. 61:4.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Including one who dwells in the Land of Israel for a minyan on second day yom-tov." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); [[Orach Chayim]] vol. 4, ch. 106, pg. 196–199.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Including a person who is praying a different prayer." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 4, ch. 20, pg. 31.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Including a minor in extraneous circumstances." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 2, ch. 18, pg. 188–189.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Forming a minyan of minors for the purpose of religious instruction." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 2 ch. 98, pg. 290.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Is it sufficient for the minyan to contain a majority of those who have not already prayed?" (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 1, ch. 28–30, pg. 72–76.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Including one who profanes the Sabbath." (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 1, ch. 23, pg. 66–67 & Orach Chayim vol. 1, ch. 19, pg. 189.
* [[Moses Feinstein|Feinstein, Moses]]. "Is praying with a minyan obligatory or just preferential?" (Heb.) ''Iggrot Moshe'', Noble Press Book Corp. Brooklyn, New York (1982); Orach Chayim vol. 1, ch. 31, pg. 77; Orach Chayim vol. 2, ch. 27, pg. 200–202; Orach Chayim vol. 3, ch. 7, pg. 305 & Orach Chayim vol. 4, ch. 2, pg. 27.
* [[Judith Hauptman|Hauptman, Judith]]. "Some thoughts on the nature of halakhic adjudication; women and "minyan"." in Judaism 42,4 (1993) 396–413.
* Oppenheimer, Steven. "The breakaway minyan" in Journal of Halacha and Contemporary Society 46 (2003) 41–59
* Safrai, Chana. "The "minyan" : gender and democracy" (Heb.) in Men and Women; Gender, Judaism and Democracy. Ed.: Rachel Elior. Jerusalem: Van Leer Jerusalem Institute; Urim Publications, 2004
* Schachter, Zvi. (Essay on women’s minyan) "Bet Yitzhak" 17 (1985).
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Is it better to include someone who profanes the Sabbath or dissolve the minyan?" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 469.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Counting the Omer with a minyan" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, [[Jerusalem]] (1997); vol. 1, ch. 310.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including a person whose hearing is assisted with a hearing aid" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 101.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including someone who lives with a non-Jewish lady" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 113.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including someone who has not yet finished the silent prayer" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 104.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including worshipers who are praying outside the synagogue" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 163.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Sanctifying the new moon with a minyan" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 1, ch. 205.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Reciting Birkat ha-Gomel in the presence of ten people" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 2, ch. 143.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Going on holiday to place where there is no minyan" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 2, ch. 63.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Leaving an exact minyan during prayer" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 2, ch. 62.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including an Israeli for the Reading of the Law on second day yom-tov of the diaspora" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 2, ch. 89.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Including a despondent person with the worry that he may not respond" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 2, ch. 61.
* [[Moishe Sternbuch|Sternbuch, Moishe]]. "Annulment of vows on New Year’s eve with a minyan" (Heb.) ''Teshuvos VeHanhagos'', Frank Publishing, Jerusalem (1997); vol. 3, ch. 161.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "In an unenclosed area, how close together must people be to be considered part of the minyan?" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 2, ch. 44.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Can one person make up two separate minyanim simultaneously?" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 2, ch. 45.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Including a person who desecrates the Sabbath." (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 3, ch. 26:4; vol. 6, ch. 9.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Including a person who married out" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 3, ch. 65.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Can people in a corridor be included in a minyan?" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 4, ch. 9.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Regarding a small congregation who need to hire out people to make up the minyan" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 9, ch. 1, pg. 17–18.
* [[Yitzchok Yaakov Weiss|Weiss, Yitzchok Yaakov]]. "Can women make up their own minyan" (Heb.) ''Minchat Yitzchak'', Minchat Yitzchak Publishing, Jerusalem (1991); vol. 9, ch. 11a, pg. 17.
* {{cite journal |first1=Joel B. |last1=Wolowelsky |authorlink=Joel B. Wolowelsky |title=Women's Participation in Sheva Berakhot |journal=Modern Judaism |doi=10.1093/mj/12.2.157 |year=1992 |volume=12 |issue=2 |page=157}}
* {{cite journal |jstor=3711921 |doi=10.2307/3711921 |pages=353–373 |last1=Zuckerman |first1=P. |title=Gender Regulation as a Source of Religious Schism |volume=58 |issue=4 |journal=Sociology of Religion |year=1997}}
* [[Aryeh Frimer|Frimer, Aryeh]]. “Women and Minyan”.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/english/tfila/frimer2-1.htm |title=WOMEN AND MINYAN \ Rabbi Aryeh A. Frimer |publisher=Daat.ac.il |date= |accessdate=2016-10-13}}</ref> Tradition 23:4, (1988) 54–77.
 
== Catatan kaki ==
<references/>
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=646&letter=M&search=minyan Minyan] – [[Jewish Encyclopedia]] article.
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20100514153121/http://www.mechonhadar.org/minyan-project1 The Minyan Project] by [http://www.mechonhadar.org Mechon Hadar]
* [http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/english/tfila/frimer2-1.htm Frimer, A., Women and Minyan. ''Tradition'' 23:4, pp. 54–77 (1988)] (Modern Orthodox view of women in minyan for various purposes)
 
[[CategoryKategori:Minyan| ]]
[[CategoryKategori:Kuorum]]
635.122

suntingan