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{{Periksa terjemahan|en|Russian Civil War}}{{Infobox military conflict|conflict=Perang Saudara Rusia|partof=the [[aftermath of World War I]] and the [[Russian Revolution]]|image=[[Image:CWRArticleImage.jpg|300px]]|caption='' 'Searah jarum jam dari atas:' '' Tentara [[Tentara Don]] pada tahun 1919; divisi White [[infantri]] pada bulan Maret 1920; tentara dari [[Tentara Kavaleri Pertama]]; [[Leon Trotsky]] pada tahun 1918; menggantung pekerja di Yekaterinoslav ([[Dnipro]])) oleh [[Tentara Austria-Hongaria]], April 1918.|date=[[Revolusi Oktober|7 November 1917]] – 25 Oktober 1922/16 Juni 1923<ref name="M3230">Mawdsley, pp. 3, 230</ref><ref>Последние бои на Дальнем Востоке. М., Центрполиграф, 2005.</ref><br /><small>([[Basmachi movement|Revolt against Soviet rule]] continued in Central Asia until 1934)</small>|place=Former [[Russian Empire]], [[Galicia (Eastern Europe)|Galicia]], [[Bogd Khanate of Mongolia|Mongolia]], [[Tannu Uriankhai|Tuva]], [[Qajar dynasty|Persia]]|result=Kemenangan Tentara Merah di [[Rusia]], [[Ukraina Barat]], [[Belarus]], [[Kaukasus Selatan]], [[Asia Tengah]], [[Tuva]], dan [[Mongolia]];<br /> Kemenangan untuk gerakan pro-kemerdekaan di[[Finlandia]], [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Ukraina Barat]], dan [[Polandia]]|territory=* Establishment of the [[Soviet Union]]
* Independence of [[Finland]], [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]] and [[Second_Polish_Republic|Poland]]<ref name=Bullock7>Bullock, p. 7 "Peripheral regions of the former Russian Empire that had broken away to form new nations had to fight for independence: Finland, Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan."</ref>
* Cession of [[Artvin Province|Artvin]], [[Ardahan Province|Ardahan]], [[Iğdır Province|Iğdır]] and [[Kars Province|Kars]] to [[Turkey]].
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