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{{Infobox Former Country
{{Infobox country
| conventional_long_name = <!--?: The--> Confederate States of America
| common_name = <!--?: The--> Confederate States of America
| status = [[List of historical unrecognized states|Unrecognized state]]<ref name="history-state-gov">{{cite web |url=https://history.state.gov/milestones/1861-1865/confederacy |title=Preventing Diplomatic Recognition of the Confederacy, 1861–65 |publisher=U.S. Department of State |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130828005906/http://history.state.gov/milestones/1861-1865/Confederacy |archivedate=August 28, 2013 |df=mdy-all }}</ref>
| year_start = 1861
| year_end = 1865
<!--***********************************************************************************-->
<!-- By previous consensus, the following flag should not be changed. -->
<!-- (See [[Talk:Confederate States of America/Archive 10#RFC Infobox flag choice]]) -->
<!--***********************************************************************************-->| flag = Flags of the Confederate States of America
| flag_type_article = [[Flag of the Confederate States of America]]
| flag_type = [[Flag of the Confederate States of America|Flag]]<br>{{small|(1861–63)}}
| image_flag = Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863).svg
<!--***********************************************************************************-->| symbol_type_article = [[Seal of the Confederate States]]
| symbol_type = [[Seal of the Confederate States|Seal]]<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please do not add the word "Great" as it would be historically inaccurate. The word was not in the 1863 law passed by the C.S. Congress establishing the Seal. Thank you. --><br>{{small|(1863–65)}}
| image_coat = Seal of the Confederate States of America.svg
| national_motto = {{native phrase|la|"[[Deo vindice]]"|italics=off}}<br />{{small|"Under God, our Vindicator"}}
| national_anthem = {{ublist|class=nowrap|item_style=margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0
|''None official''
|"[[God Save the South]]" {{smaller|(unofficial)}}
|"[[The Bonnie Blue Flag]]" {{smaller|(popular)}}
<center>[[File:Bonnie blue flag midi.ogg]]</center>
|"[[Dixie (song)|Dixie]]" {{smaller|([[de facto]])}}
<center>[[File:Dixie (1916).ogg]]</center>}}
| image_map = Confederate States of America (orthographic projection).svg
| image_map_caption = {{plainlist|style=padding-left: 0.6em; text-align: left;|
*{{Legend|#008000|The Confederate States in 1862}}
*{{Legend|#55c255|Claims made by the Confederacy}}
*{{Legend|#3d983d|[[West Virginia#Separation from Virginia|Separated]] West Virginia}}
*{{Legend|#00e6e6|Contested Indian Territory}}
}}
| capital = {{ublist|item_style=margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0
|[[Montgomery, Alabama]] {{smaller|(until May 29, 1861)}}
|[[Richmond, Virginia]] {{smaller|(until April 3, 1865)}}}}
| common_languages = [[English (language)|English]] {{smaller|(''[[de facto]]'')}}
| government_type = [[Federalism|Federal]]/[[Confederal]] [[Presidential system|presidential]] [[non-partisan democracy|non-partisan]] [[republic]]
| title_leader = [[President of the Confederate States of America|President]]
| leader1 = [[Jefferson Davis]]
| year_leader1 = 1861–1865
| title_deputy = [[Vice President of the Confederate States of America|Vice President]]
| deputy1 = [[Alexander H. Stephens]]
| year_deputy1 = 1861–1865
| legislature = [[Congress of the Confederate States|Congress]]
| house1 = [[Senate of the Confederate States|Senate]]
| house2 = [[House of Representatives of the Confederate States|House of Representatives]]
| era = {{unbulleted list|item_style=margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0
|[[American Civil War]] / [[International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919)]]}}
| event_start = [[Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States|Provisional constitution]]
| date_start = February 8
| event2 = {{nowrap|[[American Civil War]]}}<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please do not add individual American Civil War battles to this list. ACW is enough. Thank you. -->
| date_event2 = April 12, 1861<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Start date of the American Civil War (i.e. Confederate guns around the harbor opened fire on Fort Sumter, S.C. -->
| event3 = [[Confederate States Constitution|Permanent constitution]]
| date_event3 = February 22, 1862
<!--************************************************************************************************************************************************************-->
<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please do not add more armies or departments to list below of the 1865 surrender events. These were the "big three" field armies. Thank you. -->
<!--************************************************************************************************************************************************************-->| event4 = [[Conclusion of the American Civil War#Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia (April 9)|Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia]]
| date_event4 = April 9, 1865
| event5 = [[Conclusion of the American Civil War#Surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston and his various armies (April 26)|Military Collapse]]
| date_event5 = April 26, 1865
| event_end = [[Conclusion of the American Civil War#Surrender of the Confederate District of the Gulf (May 5)|Debellation]]
| date_end = May 5,
<!--************************************************************************************************************************************************************-->
<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please do not add more armies or departments to above list of the 1865 surrender events. These were the "big three" field armies. Thank you. -->
<!--************************************************************************************************************************************************************-->| stat_year1 = 1860{{smallsup|1}}
| stat_area1 = 1,995,392
| stat_pop1 = 9,103,332
| stat_year2 = Slaves{{smallsup|2}}
| stat_area2 =
| stat_pop2 = 3,521,110
| currency = {{ublist|class=nowrap|item_style=margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0
|[[Confederate States dollar]]
|[[Southern States Confederate Currency|State currencies]]}}
| p1 = South Carolina in the American Civil War{{!}}{{nowrap|South Carolina}}<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860 -->
| flag_p1 = Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg
| p2 = Mississippi in the American Civil War{{!}}Mississippi<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on January 9, 1861 -->
| flag_p2 = Flag of Mississippi (1861-1894).svg
| p3 = Florida in the American Civil War{{!}}Florida<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on January 10, 1861 -->
| flag_p3 = Flag of Florida (1861-1865).svg
| p4 = Alabama in the American Civil War{{!}}Alabama<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861 -->
| flag_p4 = Alabama 1861 Obverse.svg
| p5 = Georgia in the American Civil War{{!}}Georgia<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on January 19, 1861 -->
| flag_p5 = Flag of Georgia non official.svg
| p6 = Louisiana in the American Civil War{{!}}Louisiana<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on January 26, 1861 -->
| flag_p6 = Louisiana Feb 11 1861.svg
| p7 = Texas in the American Civil War{{!}}Texas<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on February 1, 1861 -->
| flag_p7 = Flag of Texas.svg
| p8 = Virginia in the American Civil War{{!}}Virginia<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on April 17, 1861 -->
| flag_p8 = Flag of Virginia (1861–1865).svg
| p9 = Arkansas in the American Civil War{{!}}Arkansas<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on May 6, 1861 -->
| flag_sp = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Arkansas General Assembly did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1913. Please do not add the Arkansas flag adopted by the state government in 1913 (52 years after the state seceded from the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| p10 = North Carolina in the American Civil War{{!}}{{nowrap|North Carolina}}
| flag_p10 = Flag of North Carolina (1861).svg<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on May 20, 1861 -->
| p11 = Tennessee in the American Civil War{{!}}Tennessee<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Seceded from the Union on June 8, 1861 -->
| flag_p11 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Tennessee General Assembly did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1897. Please do not add the Tennessee flag adopted by the state government in 1897 (or 1905) (36 years after the state seceded from the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| p12 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Territories are always listed after the States, regardless of alphabetical order. -->Confederate Arizona{{!}}Arizona Territory<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Declared itself an independent territory (i.e. separate from U.S. New Mexico Territory) and seceded from the Union on March 28, 1861 -->
| flag_p12 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Arizona State Legislature did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1917. Please do not add the Arizona flag adopted by the state government in 1917 (55 years after the Mesilla Convention of 1861) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| s1 = West Virginia<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Admitted into the Union on June 20, 1863 -->
| flag_s1 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The West Virginia Legislature did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1905. Please do not add the West Virginia flag adopted by the state government in 1905 (1905, 1907, 1929 or 1962) (42 years after the state was admitted into the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| s2 = Tennessee<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on July 24, 1866 -->
| flag_s2 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Tennessee General Assembly did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1897. Please do not add the Tennessee flag adopted by the state government in 1897 (or 1905) (31 years after the state was readmitted into the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| s3 = Arkansas<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 22, 1868 -->
| flag_s3 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Arkansas General Assembly did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1913. Please do not add the Arkansas flag adopted by the state government in 1913 (45 years after the state was readmitted into the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
| s4 = Florida<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 25, 1868 -->
| flag_s4 = Flag of Florida (1868-1900).png
| s5 = Alabama<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 25, 1868 -->
| flag_s5 = Alabama 1861 Obverse.svg
| s6 = Louisiana<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 25, 1868 -->
| flag_s6 = Louisiana Feb 11 1861.svg
| s7 = North Carolina<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 25, 1868 -->
| flag_s7 = Flag of North Carolina (1861).svg
| s8 = South Carolina<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on June 25, 1868 -->
| flag_s8 = Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg
| s9 = Virginia<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on January 27, 1870 -->
| flag_s9 = Flag of Virginia (1861–1865).svg
| s10 = Mississippi<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on February 23, 1870 -->
| flag_s10 = Flag of Mississippi (1861-1894).svg
| s11 = Texas<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on March 30, 1870 -->
| flag_s11 = Flag of Texas.svg
| s12 = Georgia (U.S. state){{!}}Georgia<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Readmitted into the Union on July 15, 1870 -->
| flag_s12 = Flag of Georgia non official.svg
| s13 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Territories are always listed after the States, regardless of alphabetical order. -->Arizona Territory<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Organized by the United States on February 24, 1863 -->
| flag_s13 = <!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please leave blank. The Arizona Legislature did not enact legislation to adopt an official State flag until 1905. Please do not add the Arizona flag adopted by the state government in 1917) (54 years after the state was admitted into the Union) or any of the other so-called "proposed" flags as it would be historically inaccurate. Thank you. -->
<!-- EDITORS NOTE: Please do not add 1850–1912 New Mexico Territory to this list as it remained a U.S. territory during the War and Reconstruction. Thank you. -->| today = {{flag|United States}}
* {{flag|Alabama}}
* {{flag|Arizona}}
* {{flag|Arkansas}}
* {{flag|Florida}}
* {{flag|Georgia (U.S. state)|name=Georgia}}
* {{flag|Louisiana}}
* {{flag|Mississippi}}
* {{flag|New Mexico}}
* {{flag|North Carolina}}
* {{flag|South Carolina}}
* {{flag|Tennessee}}
* {{flag|Texas}}
* {{flag|Virginia}}
* {{flag|West Virginia}}
| footnotes = {{ublist |{{sup|1}} Area and population values do not include [[Missouri]], [[Kentucky]], or the [[Confederate Arizona|Arizona Territory]]. {{nowrap|Water area: 5.7%.}}
|{{sup|2}} Slaves included in above population&nbsp;([https://web.archive.org/web/20040604075834/http://www.civil-war.net/pages/1860_census.html 1860 Census]).}}
| demonym =
| area_km2 =
| area_rank =
| GDP_PPP =
| GDP_PPP_year =
| HDI =
| HDI_year =
}}{{Infobox Former Country
|conventional_long_name = Confederate States of America
|common_name = Confederate States of America
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