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←Membuat halaman berisi '{{Infobox person | name = Calpernia Addams | image = Calpernia Addams.jpg | image_size = | caption = Calpernia Addams, di Outfest Legacy Awards tahun...'
{{Infobox person
| name = Calpernia Addams
| image = Calpernia Addams.jpg
| image_size =
| caption = Calpernia Addams, di Outfest Legacy Awards tahun 2009
| birth_name =
| birth_date = {{birth date and age|1971|2|20}}
| birth_place = [[Nashville, Tennessee]], U.S.
| residence = [[Los Angeles]], [[California]]
| nationality =
| other_names =
| known_for =
| occupation = Aktris, penulis, musisi, aktivis, juru bicara
| yearsactive = 2002–sekarang
| children =
| website = {{URL|http://www.calpernia.com/}}
}}
'''Calpernia Sarah Addams''' (lahir 20 Februari 1971) merupakan seorang penulis, aktris, musisi, juru bicara, dan aktivis untuk hak dan permasalahan [[transgender]] berkebangsaan Amerika.<ref name=inconvenient>{{cite web |title=An Inconvenient Woman |accessdate=15 Maret 2019 |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2000/05/28/magazine/an-inconvenient-woman.html |first=David |last=France |date=May 29, 2005 |work=The New York Times Sunday Magazine |publisher=calpernia.com |quote= }}</ref>

==Kehidupan awal==
Addams dibesarkan di [[Nashville, Tennessee]].<ref name=addams>{{cite book|first=Calpernia|last=Addams|title=Mark 947: A Life Shaped by God, Gender, and Force of Will|publisher=Writers Club Press|year=2002}}</ref> Ia menjabat sebagai [[Anggota rumah sakit|anggota rumah sakit]] dengan [[Korps Marinir Amerika Serikat#Angkatan laut|angkatan laut]] dan [[Korps Marinir Amerika Serikat]].<ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.latimes.com/local/abcarian/la-me-abcarian-transgender-military-20170730-story.html |title=California Journal: A sailor in transition is rocked by President Trump's anti-transgender tweets |author=Abcarian, Robin |date=29 July 2017 |newspaper=Los Angeles Times |accessdate=4 September 2017}}</ref><ref name=NYT-000528>{{cite news |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2000/05/28/magazine/an-inconvenient-woman.html |title=An Inconvenient Woman |author=France, David |date=28 May 2000 |newspaper=The New York Times |accessdate=4 September 2017}}</ref> During her last year in the military, she [[coming out|came out]] as a [[trans woman|transgender woman]].<ref name = Podcast>{{cite podcast
| url =http://gaypimp.com/index.php/content/view/13/36/
| title =Gay Pimpin' with Jonny McGovern
| website =
| host =Jonny McGovern, Linda James, Martin Beauchamp
| date =March 11, 2008
| accessdate =March 11, 2008
}}</ref> Addams memilih nama "Calpernia" dari drama [[William Shakespeare]], ''[[Julius Caesar]]'' (ejaan istri Caesar, [[Kalpurnia|Calpurnia]]) dan penampilannya di batu nisan dalam film [[The Addams Family]].<ref name = Podcast />

==Career==
Pada tahun 2002, ia membentuk Deep Stealth Productions di Hollywood dengan [[Andrea James]].<ref>{{cite press release
| title = Deep Stealth Productions celebrates 5-year anniversary
| publisher = Deep Stealth Productions
| date = October 3, 2007
| url = http://www.deepstealth.com/news/index.php/weblog/deep_stealth_productions_celebrates_5_year_anniversary/
| accessdate = August 13, 2008
| deadurl = yes
| archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20080905145357/http://www.deepstealth.com/news/index.php/weblog/deep_stealth_productions_celebrates_5_year_anniversary
| archivedate = September 5, 2008
| df = mdy-all
}}</ref> Deep Stealth menciptakan materi pendidikan dan hiburan seputar isu-isu identifikasi gender dan pengalaman orang-orang yang berbeda gender. Addams dan James melatih [[Felicity Huffman]] untuk penampilannya pada nominasi di [[Academy Award]]sebagai transgender wanita dalam film ''[[Transamerica (film)|Transamerica]]''.<ref>{{cite news
|last=Stewart
|first=Jenny
|title=Moving beyond Wisteria Lane: An interview with Felicity Huffman
|publisher=Gay.com
|url=http://www.gay.com/entertainment/interview.html?coll=pno_entertainment&sernum=1138&page=1
|accessdate=August 13, 2008
}}{{dead link|date=November 2016 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref>

Pada saat debut [[Festival Film Sundance|Sundance]] dari ''[[Soldier's Girl]]'', Addams bertemu [[Jane Fonda]], putra [[Troy Garity]] yang memerankan Winchell. Fonda menyarankan Addams untuk meningkatkan produksi ''[[The Vagina Monologues]]''.<ref name = Podcast /> Produksinya digunakan untuk menyumbangkan dana dan membantu meningkatkan kesadaran akan kekerasan terhadap perempuan; kemudian menjadi subjek film dokumenter ''[[Beautiful Daughters]]'' di tahun 2006.<ref>{{cite web
| last = Moylan
| first = Bryan
| title = V for very tame
| work = Houston Voice
| date = February 10, 2006
| url = http://www.houstonvoice.com/2006/2-10/arts/television/t1.cfm
| accessdate = August 13, 2008}}</ref>

Serial realita televisi berjudul ''[[Transamerican Love Story]]'', menampilkan Addams dipilih di antara delapan pelamar, memulai debutnya 11 Februari 2008 di [[Logo TV (channel TV)|Logo TV]].

Pada April 2008, Addams tampil bersama Fonda, [[Glenn Close]], [[Salma Hayek]], [[Alicia Keys]], dan lainnya dalam perayaan sepuluh tahun produksi ''The Vagina Monologues'' di [[Louisiana Superdome]].<ref name = Podcast /><ref>{{cite web |url=http://v10.vday.org/ |title=The V-Day Event Of The Decade &#124; V to the Tenth |publisher=V10.vday.org |date= |accessdate=December 4, 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150215224416/http://v10.vday.org/ |archivedate=February 15, 2015 |df=mdy-all }}</ref>

Pada Mei 2008, [[Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays|PFLAG]] (Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays) memilih Addams sebagai juru bicara PFLAG untuk kampanye edukasi mereka, ''This Is Our Love Story''.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://community.pflag.org/Page.aspx?pid=892 |title=PFLAG: Parents, Families, & Friends of Lesbians and Gays |publisher=Community.pflag.org |date=May 19, 2008 |accessdate=December 4, 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140408223422/http://community.pflag.org/Page.aspx?pid=892 |archivedate=April 8, 2014 |df=mdy-all }}</ref> Addams berkata, "Saya harap ''This Is Our Love Story'' akan membantu transgender muda untuk berani menampilkan diri. Dengan melihat wanita yang bahagia dan percaya diri seperti apa Saya, Saya harap saya dapat bertindak sebagai teladan bagi kaum muda ini pada saat yang kritis dalam perkembangan mereka."<ref>{{cite news
| last = Santoscoy
| first = Carlos
| title = Calpernia Addams on Love & Transgender Rights
| work = On Top magazine
| date = June 5, 2008
| url = http://www.ontopmag.com/article.aspx?id=1768&MediaType=1&Category=26
| accessdate = September 13, 2008}}</ref> Addams writes a blog on gender issues for ''[[Psychology Today]]''.<ref>{{cite web
| title = Calpernia Addams
| publisher = Psychology Today
| url = http://blogs.psychologytoday.com/authors/calpernia-addams
| accessdate =
| df = mdy-all
}}{{dead link|date=January 2018|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}</ref>

Addams merilis single yang berjudul "Stunning", tersedia di [[iTunes]]. Addams ikut memproduksi lagi "The Vagina Song" oleh [[Willam Belli]], dari album debutnya ''[[The Wreckoning (album Willam Belli)|The Wreckoning]]'', dan tampil sebagai cameo dalam video musiknya.<ref>{{cite web|last=Belli|first=Willam|title=The Vagina Song|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hE18CGmtXqM|work=YouTube|accessdate=April 13, 2013|date=October 25, 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=The Vagina Song|url=http://worldofwonder.net/2010/10/27/The_Vagina_Song/|work=[[World of Wonder (production company)|World of Wonder]]|accessdate=April 13, 2013|author=[[James St. James]]|date=October 27, 2010|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130206224733/http://worldofwonder.net/2010/10/27/The_Vagina_Song/|archivedate=February 6, 2013|df=mdy-all}}</ref>

Pada 2015, Addams muncul di pemutaran perdana "Trans Scripts"<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.transscripts.org/|title=Trans Scripts|website=Trans Scripts}}</ref> drama baru oleh Paul Lucas di Edinburgh Festival Fringe di Skotlandia. Produksi menerima 24 ulasan bintang empat dan lima, Fringe First Award,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://joycemcmillan.wordpress.com/2015/08/28/scotsman-fringe-first-winners-2015/|title=Scotsman Fringe First Winners 2015|date=August 27, 2015|publisher=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/29/theater/edinburgh-festival-fringe-offers-stories-that-are-more-personal-less-political.html|title=Edinburgh Festival Fringe Offers Stories That Are More Personal, Less Political|first=Steven|last=McElroy|date=August 28, 2015|publisher=|via=www.nytimes.com}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.britishtheatreguide.info/features/2015-edinburgh-fringe-festival-124|title=2015 Edinburgh Fringe Festival Awards|website=www.britishtheatreguide.info}}</ref> a High Commendation from Amnesty International <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.amnesty.org.uk/edinburgh-festival-amnesty-international-freedom-expression-award-2015|title=Edinburgh Festival: Freedom of Expression Award 2015|website=www.amnesty.org.uk}}</ref> dan terpilih untuk Feminist Fest Award, Best of Edinburgh Award, dan Holden Street Theater Award.

==Kehidupan pribadi==
Pada 1999, sembari bekerja sebagai musisi, Addams mulai berkencan dengan [[Barry Winchell]] PFC. Berita tentang hubungan itu menyebar di pangkalan Angkatan Darat Winchell tempat dia dilecehkan oleh sesama prajurit dan akhirnya dibunuh.<ref>{{cite court |litigants=U.S. v. Fisher |vol=58 |reporter=[[United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces|M.J.]] |opinion=300 |pinpoint= |court= [[United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces|U.S. Armed Forces Court of Appeals]] |date=June 17, 2003|url=http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/opinions/2003Term/03-0059.htm |quote=}}</ref> Pembunuhan Winchell dan persidangan selanjutnya menghasilkan pers yang tersebar luas<ref name=NYT-000528 /> dan ulasan formal tentang "[[Don't Ask, Don't Tell]]" (DADT) kebijakan militer Amerika Serikat, diperintahkan oleh Presiden [[Bill Clinton]].<ref name="black">Black, Chris (December 13, 1999). [http://archives.cnn.com/1999/US/12/13/pentagon.gays/index.html Pentagon to review 'don't ask, don't tell' policy.] CNN</ref><ref name="becker">Becker, Elizabeth (February 2, 2000). Pentagon Orders Training to Prevent Harassment of Gays. ''The New York Times''</ref><ref name="clinton">Pear, Robert (December 12, 1999). President Admits "Don't Ask" policy Has Been Failure. ''The New York Times''</ref> Kasus ini menjadi contoh penting yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan kegagalan DADT untuk melindungi anggota layanan LGBT.<ref name=NYT-000528 /> Hubungan Addams dan Winchell, serta kejahatan pelecehan mereka digambarkan dalam film ''[[Soldier's Girl]]'', rilis di tahun 2003. Addams diperankan oleh [[Lee Pace]]. Merujuk artikel ''[[The New York Times]]'', "An Inconvenient Woman", mendokumentasikan marjinalisasi dan kesalahan representasi seksualitas transgender bahkan oleh aktivis [[Hak LGBT menurut negara|hak LGBT]] activists.<ref name=NYT-000528 /><ref name="killer's trial2">{{cite web |title=Killer's Trial Shows Gay Soldier's Anguish |accessdate=February 23, 2008 |url=https://www.nytimes.com/1999/12/09/us/killer-s-trial-shows-gay-soldier-s-anguish.html |first=Francis |last=Clines |date=December 9, 1999 |work=The New York Times |publisher=NYTimes |quote= }}</ref>

==Referensi==
{{reflist}}

==Pranala luar==
*{{official website|http://www.calpernia.com/}}
*{{IMDb name|1679529|Calpernia Addams}}
*{{Amg name|441796}}
*[http://lgbthmuk.blogspot.com/2008/04/calpernia-addams-widowed-by-hate.html Calpernia Addams: Widowed by Hate] – Wawancara Podcast
*[http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/TS/Beautiful%20Daughters/Beautiful%20Daughters.html “''Beautiful Daughters''” film dokumentasi menampilkan Calpernia Addams]

[[Kategori:Kelahiran 1971]]
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