Oswald dari Northumbria: Perbedaan antara revisi

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(←Membuat halaman berisi '{{Infobox saint |name=Santo Oswald<br>dari Northumbria |birth_date=s. 604 |death_date=5 Agustus 641/642 |feast_day=5 Agustus |venerated_in=Gereja Katolik, Perse...')
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'''Oswald''' ({{Lang-ang|Osuualde}}<ref>https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED19344&egs=all</ref>; s 604 &ndash; 5 Agustus 641/642<ref name="Poole">Bede gives the year of Oswald's death as 642, however there is some question as to whether what Bede considered 642 is the same as what would now be considered 642. R. L. Poole (''Studies in Chronology and History'', 1934) put forward the theory that Bede's years began in September, and if this theory is followed (as it was, for instance, by [[Frank Stenton]] in his notable history ''Anglo-Saxon England'', first published in 1943), then the date of the Battle of Heavenfield (and the beginning of Oswald's reign) is pushed back from 634 to 633. Thus, if Oswald subsequently reigned for eight years, he would have actually been killed in 641. Poole's theory has been contested, however, and arguments have been made that Bede began his year on 25 December or 1 January, in which case Bede's years would be accurate as he gives them.</ref>) adalah [[daftar penguasa Northumbria|Raja Northumbria]] dari 634 sampai kematiannya, dan dimuliakan sebagai [[orang kudus]],<ref>See entry for [https://www.churchofengland.org/prayer-worship/worship/texts/the-calendar/holydays.aspx 5 August].</ref> dimana ini menjadi sebuah [[kultus]] pada Abad Pertengahan.<ref>Craig, Oswald</ref>
Oswald adalah putra dari [[Æthelfrith dari Northumbria|Æthelfrith dari Bernicia]] dan berkuasa setelah menjalani masa di [[pengasingan]]. Setelah mengalahkan penguasa Inggris[[Cadwallon ap Cadfan]], Oswald membawa dua kerajaan [[Northumbria]], [[Bernicia]] dan [[Deira (kerajaan)|Deira]] kembali berada di bawah penguasa tunggal, dan mempromosikan perkabaran [[agama Kristen]] di Northumbria.
== Catatan ==
== Referensi ==
* Adomnán, ''Life of Saint Columba'' translated and edited Richard Sharpe. {{ISBN|0-14-044462-9}}
* {{cite book|author=Bede|author-link=Bede|title=[[Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum]] |year=731}} <small>(as {{cite book|author=Leo Sherley-Price (trans.)|title=The Ecclesiastical History of the English People|publisher=Penguin|series=Penguin Classics|year=2008|isbn=978-0-14-044565-7|editor1-first=D. H.|editor1-last=Farmer|editor2-first=Ronald E.|editor2-last= Latham}})</small>
* Bailey, Richard N., "St Oswald's Heads", in C. Stancliffe and E. Cambridge (eds), ''Oswald: Northumbrian King to European Saint'' (1995, 1996). {{ISBN|1-871615-51-8}}
* [[Nicholas Brooks|Brooks, Nicholas]], "The formation of the Mercian kingdom", in S. Bassett (ed.), ''The Origins of Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms'' (1989).
* {{cite encyclopedia |first=D. J.|last =Craig | publisher = Oxford University Press | encyclopedia= Oxford Dictionary of National Biography | title=Oswald (St Oswald) (603/4–642), king of Northumbria |format= {{ODNBsub}} | year = 2004 | url = http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/20916?docPos=2| accessdate=20 July 2012 |doi=10.1093/ref:odnb/20916 }}
* {{cite book| last =Karkov|first =Catherine E.|title=The Ruler Portraits of Anglo-Saxon England|publisher=The Boydell Press|year =2004|isbn=1-84383-059-0}}
* Kirby, D.P., ''The Earliest English Kings'' (1991, 2000). {{ISBN|0-04-445692-1}}
* Pelteret, David A.E. "Oswald: d. 642," ''Reader's Guide to British History'' (London: Routledge, 2003) online in Credo Reference. Historiography
* Remfry, P.M., ''Annales Cambriae. A Translation of Harleian 3859; PRO E.164/1; Cottonian Domitian, A 1; Exeter Cathedral Library MS. 3514 and MS Exchequer DB Neath, PRO E'' ({{ISBN|1-899376-81-X}})
* Rollason, David, "St Oswald in Post-Conquest England", in C. Stancliffe and E. Cambridge (eds), ''Oswald: Northumbrian King to European Saint'' (1995, 1996).
* Stancliffe, Clare, "Oswald, 'Most Holy and Most Victorious King of the Northumbrians'", in C. Stancliffe and E. Cambridge (eds), ''Oswald: Northumbrian King to European Saint'' (1995, 1996).
* Stancliffe, Clare, "Where Was Oswald Killed?", in C. Stancliffe and E. Cambridge (eds), ''Oswald: Northumbrian King to European Saint'' (1995). {{ISBN|1-871615-51-8}}
* Ziegler, Michelle, "[https://web.archive.org/web/20110110054848/http://www.mun.ca/mst/heroicage/issues/2/ha2pen.htm The Politics of Exile in Early Northumbria]", ''The Heroic Age'', Issue 2, Autumn/Winter 1999.
== Bacaan tambahan ==
* Adams, Max (2013), ''The King in the North: The Life and Times of Oswald of Northumbria''. {{ISBN|1781854181}}
== Pranala luar ==
{{Commons category|Oswald of Northumbria}}
* {{PASE|886|Oswald 1}}
* [http://www.bartleby.com/210/8/052.html "St. Oswald, King and Martyr"], ''Butler's Lives of the Saints''
<!-- *[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11348c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia] - Saint Oswald --><!-- now transwiki link in text -->
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/sainto25.htm Patron Saints Index] - Saint Oswald of Northumbria
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