Sakit tenggorokan: Perbedaan revisi

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(→‎Pengelolaan: perbarui isi konten)
== Pengelolaan ==
Analgesik seperti non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) dan [[parasetamol]] (asetaminofen) dapat membantu mengelola rasa sakit.<ref name="Review00">{{Templat:Cite journal|author = Thomas M, Del Mar C, Glasziou P|title = How effective are treatments other than antibiotics for acute sore throat?|journal = Br J Gen Pract|volume = 50|issue = 459|pages = 817–20|date = October 2000|pmid = 11127175|pmc = 1313826|doi = |url = }}</ref><ref>{{Templat:Cite journal|last = Hayward|first = G|coauthors = Thompson, MJ; Perera, R; Glasziou, PP; Del Mar, CB; Heneghan, CJ|title = Corticosteroids as standalone or add-on treatment for sore throat|journal = Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews|date = Oct 17, 2012|volume = 10|pages = CD008268|pmid = 23076943|doi = 10.1002/14651858.CD008268.pub2|editor1-last = Thompson|editor1-first = Matthew J}}</ref> [[Mayo Clinic]] menyarankan [[kumur|berkumur]] dengan air garam hangat dan istirahat dari bersuara. Gejala tanpa pengobatan biasanya berlangsung selama dua hingga tujuh hari.<ref>{{Templat:Cite journal|last = Thompson|first = M|author2 = Vodicka, TA|author3 = Blair, PS|author4 = Buckley, DI|author5 = Heneghan, C|author6 = Hay, AD|author7 = TARGET Programme, Team|title = Duration of symptoms of respiratory tract infections in children: systematic review.|journal = BMJ (Clinical research ed.)|date = Dec 11, 2013|volume = 347|pages = f7027|pmid = 24335668|doi = 10.1136/bmj.f7027|pmc = 3898587}}</ref>
 
Ada sebuah pendapat yang menyatakan bahwa dengan minum air hangat dapat meringankan gejala pilek, termasuk sakit tenggorokan. Namun, tidak ada bukti yang kuat untuk mendukung pendapat tersebut.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.nhs.uk/news/food-and-diet/hot-drinks-ease-cold-and-flu/|title=Hot drinks ease cold and flu|date=2008-12-10|website=nhs.uk|language=en|access-date=2019-03-10}}</ref> Jika sakit tenggorokan disebabkan oleh [[Mandel|amandel]], minuman dingin mungkin dapat membantu untuk meringankan gejalanya.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Bathala|first=S|last2=Eccles|first2=R|date=2013-3|title=A review on the mechanism of sore throat in tonsillitis|url=http://www.journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022215112003003|journal=The Journal of Laryngology & Otology|language=en|volume=127|issue=03|pages=227–232|doi=10.1017/S0022215112003003|issn=0022-2151}}</ref>
 
Apabila sakit tenggorokan tidak ditangani secara aktif, maka akan sembuh dengan sendirinya dalam waktu dua hingga tujuh hari.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Thompson|first=M.|last2=Vodicka|first2=T. A.|last3=Blair|first3=P. S.|last4=Buckley|first4=D. I.|last5=Heneghan|first5=C.|last6=Hay|first6=A. D.|last7=on behalf of the TARGET Programme Team|date=2013-12-11|title=Duration of symptoms of respiratory tract infections in children: systematic review|url=http://www.bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bmj.f7027|journal=BMJ|language=en|volume=347|issue=dec11 1|pages=f7027–f7027|doi=10.1136/bmj.f7027|issn=1756-1833|pmc=PMC3898587|pmid=24335668}}</ref>
 
== Epidemiologi ==