Gugur kandungan: Perbedaan revisi

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Dikatakan bahwa aborsi di negara-[[negara maju]], yang mengizinkannya merupakan salah satu prosedur medis yang paling aman dalam bidang kedokteran.<ref name="lancet-grimes">{{Cite journal |last1=Grimes |first1=DA |last2=Benson |first2=J |last3=Singh |first3=S |last4=Romero |first4=M |last5=Ganatra |first5=B |last6=Okonofua |first6=FE |last7=Shah |first7=IH |doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69481-6 |title=Unsafe abortion: The preventable pandemic |journal=The Lancet |volume=368 |issue=9550 |pages=1908–1919 |year=2006 |pmid=17126724 |url=http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/general/lancet_4.pdf |format=PDF}}</ref><ref name="Ray2014">{{cite journal |last1=Raymond |first1=EG |last2=Grossman |first2=D |last3=Weaver |first3=MA |last4=Toti |first4=S |last5=Winikoff |first5=B |title=Mortality of induced abortion, other outpatient surgical procedures and common activities in the United States |journal=Contraception |date=November 2014 |volume=90 |issue=5 |pages=476–479 |pmid=25152259 |doi=10.1016/j.contraception.2014.07.012}}</ref> Metode-metode modern memanfaatkan obat atau bedah dalam pelaksanaan aborsi.<ref name=1st_Methods>{{cite journal |last1=Kulier |first1=R |last2=Kapp |first2=N |last3=Gülmezoglu |first3=AM |last4=Hofmeyr |first4=GJ |last5=Cheng |first5=L |last6=Campana |first6=A |title=Medical methods for first trimester abortion. |journal=Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews |date=9 November 2011 |issue=11 |pages=CD002855 |pmid=22071804 |doi=10.1002/14651858.CD002855.pub4}}</ref> Obat mifepriston dikombinasikan dengan [[prostaglandin]] kemungkinan sama aman dan efektifnya dengan bedah selama trimester pertama dan kedua kehamilan.<ref name=1st_Methods/><ref name=Kapp2013/> [[Pengaturan kelahiran]], seperti pil atau [[Intrauterine device (IUD)|alat intrauterin]], mungkin saja digunakan segera setelah aborsi.<ref name=Kapp2013>{{cite journal|last1=Kapp |first1=N |last2=Whyte |first2=P |last3=Tang |first3=J |last4=Jackson |first4=E |last5=Brahmi |first5=D |title=A review of evidence for safe abortion care |journal=Contraception |date=September 2013 |volume=88 |issue=3 |pages=350–63 |pmid=23261233 |doi=10.1016/j.contraception.2012.10.027}}</ref> Dilaporkan bahwa abortus provokatus, jika dilakukan secara aman dan legal, tidak meningkatkan risiko terkait masalah fisik ataupun [[kesehatan mental|mental]] pada jangka panjang.<ref name=BMJ2014/> Sebaliknya, aborsi yang tidak aman mengakibatkan 47.000 [[kematian maternal|kematian]] dan 5 juta kasus perawatan di rumah sakit setiap tahunnya.<ref name=BMJ2014>{{Cite journal |last1=Lohr |first1=PA |last2=Fjerstad |first2=M |last3=Desilva |first3=U |last4=Lyus |first4=R |title=Abortion |journal = BMJ | volume = 348 | page = f7553 | year = 2014 | doi = 10.1136/bmj.f7553}}</ref><ref name="OBGY09">{{Cite journal|last1=Shah |first1=I |last2=Ahman |first2=E |title=Unsafe abortion: global and regional incidence, trends, consequences, and challenges |journal=Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada |volume=31 |issue=12 |pages=1149–58 |date=December 2009 |pmid=20085681 |url=http://www.sogc.org/jogc/abstracts/full/200912_WomensHealth_1.pdf |format=PDF |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110716212405/http://www.sogc.org/jogc/abstracts/full/200912_WomensHealth_1.pdf |archivedate=16 July 2011 |df=dmy }}</ref> [[Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia]] merekomendasikan tersedianya aborsi yang aman dan legal bagi semua wanita.<ref name=WHOPolicy2012>{{cite book |author=World Health Organization |title=Safe abortion: technical and policy guidance for health systems |date=2012 |publisher=World Health Organization |location=Geneva |isbn=9789241548434 |page=8 |edition=2nd |url=http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/70914/1/9789241548434_eng.pdf?ua=1 |format=PDF}}</ref>
 
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