Panchen Lama: Perbedaan antara revisi

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The present (11th) incarnation of the Panchen Lama is a matter of controversy: the [[People's Republic of China]] asserts it is [[Qoigyijabu]] ([[Gyancain Norbu]]), while the current Dalai Lama, [[Tenzin Gyatso]] (Bstan-'dzin Rgya-mtsho), named [[Gedhun Choekyi Nyima]] on [[May 14]], [[1995]]. The latter vanished from public eye shortly after being named. Chinese authorities state that Gedhun Choekyi Nyima has been taken into protective custody, but there is no information regarding from what, or from whom, he must be protected, where he is being held, or under what conditions.
 
The recognition of Panchen Lamas has always been a matter involving the Dalai Lama <ref>[[:et :Ya Hanzhang]], Biographies of the Tibetan Spiritual Leaders Panchen Erdenis. Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 1987. pg 350.</ref><ref>[http://www.savetibet.org/documents/pdfs/2004ReligionReport.pdf When the sky fell to earth]</ref>. The [[Choekyi Gyaltsen|10th Panchen Lama]] himself declared, as cited by an official Chinese review that "according to Tibetan tradition, the confirmation of either the Dalai or Panchen must be mutually recognized."<ref>Panchen-lama. 1988. "On Tibetan Independence." China Reconstructs (now named China Today) (January): Vol. 37, No. 1. pp 8–15.</ref> The involvement of China in this affair is seen by some as a political ploy to try to gain control over the recognition of the next Dalai Lama (see below), and to strengthen their hold over the future of Tibet and its governance. China claims however, that their involvement does not break with tradition in that the final decision about the recognition of both the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama traditionally rested in the hands of the Chinese emperor. For instance, after 1792 and the use of [[Golden Urn]], 10th, 11th and 12th Dalai Lama had all been recognized by Chinese emperors and after [[Qing Dynasty]], [[Republic of China]] took over the role and certified the current [[Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama|14th Dalai]] and the previous [[Choekyi Gyaltsen|10th Panchan]]. <ref>See [[Melvyn Goldstein]]'s book "A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State". University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-07590-0. Emperors of the [[Qing Dynasty]] certified and approved the choices of both Dalai and Panchan Lamas. For example, the tradition of using the Golden Urn, which is unrelated to the religious or spiritual proceedings preferred by Tibetan Buddhists, had been introduced in the year 1792 by the [[Qianlong Emperor]] of China to deal with a previous controversy. After the Qing Dynasty, [[Republic of China]]'s government took over the role. Both the current [[Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama|Dalai XIV]] and the previous [[Choekyi Gyaltsen|Panchan X]] were certified by the Republic of China's government.</ref>
 
==Relation to the Dalai Lama Lineage==