Sinifikasi: Perbedaan antara revisi

1.453 bita ditambahkan ,  4 tahun yang lalu
+contoh sinifikasi historis
(+contoh sinifikasi historis)
==Integrasi==
Kebijakan integrasi merupakan suatu jenis nasionalisme yang ditujukan untuk memperkuat identitas Tionghoa di antara populasinya. Para pendukung percaya bahwa integrasi akan membantu mengembangkan nilai-nilai bersama, kebanggaan menjadi warga negara, rasa hormat dan penerimaan terhadap perbedaan budaya di antara warga negara Tiongkok. Kritikus berpendapat bahwa integrasi menghancurkan keragaman etnis, keragaman bahasa, dan keragaman kebudayaan. Mirip dengan Amerika Utara dengan sekitar 300 bahasa asli Amerika dan kelompok etnis yang berbeda, di Tiongkok terdapat 292 non-bahasa Mandarin yang dipertuturkan oleh penduduk asli di wilayah tersebut.[http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=CN] Di sana terdapat juga sejumlah bahasa imigran, seperti Kamboja, Portugis, Inggris, dan lain-lain.
 
==Contoh sinifikasi historis==
===Austronesian peoples===
Before sinicization, non-Chinese indigenous peoples of Southern China, termed collectively by the Chinese as [[Baiyue]] inhabited the coastline of China from as far north as the [[Yangtze|Yangtze River]] to as far south as the [[Gulf of Tonkin]]. Analysis of DNA recovered from human remains shows high frequencies of [[Haplogroup O1]] in [[Liangzhu culture]] linking this culture to modern Austronesian populations. It is believed that Liangzhu culture was the ancestral homeland of Proto-Austronesian populations before they [[Austronesian hypothesis|spread to Taiwan]]. Over time, the southward spread of Han Chinese led to the sinicization of most of the Baiyue populations that remained in Southern China, whether in the [[Yangtze]] Valley or in coastal areas from the mouth of the Yangtze to the Gulf of Tonkin.<ref>{{cite book|title= Prehistoric Settlement of the Pacific, Volume 86, Part 5|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=XiELAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA137&dq=in+the+southward+spread+of+Han+Chinese+led+to+the+sinicization+of+all+AN-speakers&hl=en&sa=X&ei=63CBU6-TG4qD8gWKqIGwBQ&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=in%20the%20southward%20spread%20of%20Han%20Chinese%20led%20to%20the%20sinicization%20of%20all%20AN-speakers&f=false}}</ref> The remnants of these peoples who were not sinicized are now recognized officially as the [[Ethnic minorities in China|ethnic minorities]] of the [[China|PRC]].
 
==Lihat juga==
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