Muslim: Perbedaan revisi

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{{otheruses}}
{{Islam}}
 
{{distinguish|Muslin}}
{{other uses|Muslim (name)|Muslim (disambiguation)}}
{{pp-semi|small=yes}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2017}}
{{infobox religious group
| group = Muslims
| native_name = {{lang-ar|مسلم}}
| population = '''1.8 billion''' worldwide (2015 est.)<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/06/why-muslims-are-the-worlds-fastest-growing-religious-group/|title=Why Muslims are the world’s fastest-growing religious group|last1=Lipka|first1=Michael|last2=Hackett|first2=Conrad|date=6 April 2017|website=pewresearch.org|accessdate=23 August 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170823093024/http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/06/why-muslims-are-the-worlds-fastest-growing-religious-group/|archivedate=23 August 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name=JDB>{{cite web|url=http://www.pewforum.org/2015/04/02/religious-projection-table/2010/number/all/|title=The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010–2050|date=2 April 2015|publisher=Pew Research Center|access-date=22 February 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20170222214102/http://www.pewforum.org/2015/04/02/religious-projection-table/2010/number/all/|archivedate=22 February 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name="pewmuslim1">{{cite web|url=http://features.pewforum.org/muslim-population/ |title=Muslim Population by Country |work=The Future of the Global Muslim Population |publisher=Pew Research Center |accessdate=22 December 2011 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110209094904/http://www.pewforum.org/The-Future-of-the-Global-Muslim-Population.aspx |archivedate=9 February 2011 }}</ref>
 
| founder = [[Muhammad in Islam|Muhammad]]<ref>{{cite encyclopedia|author=Alford T. Welch, Ahmad S. Moussalli, Gordon D. Newby|title=Muḥammad|encyclopedia=The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World|editor=John L. Esposito|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=Oxford|year=2009|url=http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t236/e0550|quote=The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. From a modern, historical perspective, Muḥammad was the founder of Islam. From the perspective of the Islamic faith, he was God's Messenger (rasūl Allāh), called to be a “warner,” first to the Arabs and then to all humankind.}}</ref>
| image = [[File:Prayer in Cairo 1865.jpg|300px]]
| caption = Muslims praying in 1865 [[Cairo]] by [[Jean-Leon Gerome]]
| region1 = {{flag|Indonesia}}
| pop1 = 227,226,404
| ref1 = <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html|title=The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency|website=www.cia.gov|language=en|access-date=2017-05-24|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20081210041527/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html|archivedate=10 December 2008|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region2 = {{flag|Pakistan}}
| pop2 = 197,547,566
| ref2 = <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html|title=The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency|website=www.cia.gov|language=en|access-date=2017-11-05|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150703220143/https://www.cia.gov/Library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html|archivedate=3 July 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region3 = {{flag|India}}
| pop3 = 189,000,000
| ref3 = <ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.indiaonlinepages.com/population/muslim-population-in-india.html|title=Muslim Population in India - Muslims in Indian States|website=www.indiaonlinepages.com|access-date=2017-10-04|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170908034112/http://www.indiaonlinepages.com/population/muslim-population-in-india.html|archivedate=8 September 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region4 = {{flag|Bangladesh}}
| pop4 = 148,607,000
| ref4 = <ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.pewforum.org/interactives/muslim-population-graphic/#/Bangladesh|title=The Future of the Global Muslim Population|date=2011-01-15|work=Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project|access-date=2017-05-24|language=en-US|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170524215707/http://www.pewforum.org/interactives/muslim-population-graphic/#/Bangladesh|archivedate=24 May 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region5 = {{nowrap|{{flag|Nigeria}}}}
| pop5 = 95,316,131
| ref5 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=31 December 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5gSwE0b5H?url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html|archivedate=2 May 2009|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region6 = {{flag|Egypt}}
| pop6 = 87,336,965
| ref6 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=31 December 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20080611035416/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html|archivedate=11 June 2008|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region7 = {{flag|Iran}}
| pop7 = 81,529,435
| ref7 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=31 December 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121119021206/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html|archivedate=19 November 2012|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region8 = {{flag|Turkey}}
| pop8 = 80,683,525
| ref8 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=31 December 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170920072149/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html|archivedate=20 September 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region9 = {{flag|China}}
| pop9 = 50,000,000
| ref9 = <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4cf2d0a85c.html|title=Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)|author=United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|work=Refworld|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121017100901/http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4cf2d0a85c.html|archivedate=17 October 2012|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region10 = {{flag|Algeria}}
| pop10 = 40,559,749
| ref10 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5mqzwboNV?url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html|archivedate=17 January 2010|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region11 = {{flag|Iraq}}
| pop11 = 38,800,190
| ref11 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20090513053741/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html|archivedate=13 May 2009|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region12 = {{flag|Ethiopia}}
| pop12 = 35,713,657
| ref12 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20110223164407/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html|archivedate=23 February 2011|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region13 = {{flag|Afghanistan}}
| pop13 = 34,022,437
| ref13 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170920072213/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html|archivedate=20 September 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region14 = {{flag|Morocco}}
| pop14 = 33,646,788
| ref14 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/6BOX97UlY?url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html|archivedate=13 October 2012|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region15 = {{flag|Sudan}}
| pop15 = 30,490,000
| ref15 = <ref name="JDB" />
 
| region16 = {{flag|Yemen}}
| pop16 = 27,784,498
| ref16 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ym.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070612210512/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ym.html|archivedate=12 June 2007|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region17 = {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}
| pop17 = 27,143,182
| ref17 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sa.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20100522160509/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sa.html|archivedate=22 May 2010|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region18 = {{flag|Uzbekistan}}
| pop18 = 26,550,000
| ref18 = <ref name="JDB" />
 
| region19 = {{flag|Malaysia}}
| pop19 = 19,237,161
| ref19 = <ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html|title=The World Factbook|publisher=|accessdate=14 February 2015|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20101228233159/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html|archivedate=28 December 2010|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
| region20 = {{flag|Syria}}
| pop20 = 18,930,000
| ref20 = <ref name="JDB" />
 
| region21 = Rest of the world
| pop21 = 287,230,000
| ref21 = <ref name="JDB" />
| languages = {{Plainlist|
* '''Predominant spoken languages:'''<ref>{{cite report|url=http://media.johnwiley.com.au/product_data/excerpt/47/04706745/0470674547-196.pdf |title=Chapter 1: Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010 |last1=Grim |first1=Brian J. |last2=Johnson |first2=Todd M. |date=2013 |publisher=John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. |access-date=10 March 2017 |page=22 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131020100448/http://media.johnwiley.com.au/product_data/excerpt/47/04706745/0470674547-196.pdf |archivedate=20 October 2013 }}</ref><br>{{Hlist|[[Arabic language|Arabic]]|[[Bengali language|Bengali]]|[[Hindi]]|[[Urdu]]|[[Punjabi language|Punjabi]]|[[Turkish language|Turkish]]|[[Javanese language|Javanese]]|[[Hausa language|Hausa]]|[[Indonesian language|Indonesian]]|[[Persian language|Farsi]]|[[Sundanese language|Sundanese]]|other [[vernacular]] languages of the [[Muslim world]]}}
}}
'''Sacred languages:'''<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Al-Jallad|first=Ahmad|title=Polygenesis in the Arabic Dialects|url=http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopedia-of-arabic-language-and-linguistics/polygenesis-in-the-arabic-dialects-EALL_SIM_000030?s.num=1&s.f.s2_parent=s.f.book.encyclopedia-of-arabic-language-and-linguistics&s.q=neo-arabic|language=en|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160815234348/http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopedia-of-arabic-language-and-linguistics/polygenesis-in-the-arabic-dialects-EALL_SIM_000030?s.num=1&s.f.s2_parent=s.f.book.encyclopedia-of-arabic-language-and-linguistics&s.q=neo-arabic|archivedate=15 August 2016|df=dmy-all}}</ref><br />{{Hlist|[[Classical Arabic]]}}
| scriptures = [[Quran]]<ref name="Britannica">{{cite encyclopedia|last=Nasr|first=Seyyed Hossein|authorlink=Seyyed Hossein Nasr|title=Qurʼān|year=2007|encyclopedia=Encyclopædia Britannica Online|accessdate=4 November 2007|location=|publisher=|url=http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-68890/Quran|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071016200056/http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-68890/Quran|archivedate=16 October 2007|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| religions = 65–75% [[Sunni Islam]]<ref name=Distrib>{{cite web|title=Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population|url=http://www.pewforum.org/files/2009/10/Muslimpopulation.pdf|date=October 2009|publisher=Pew Research Center|accessdate=22 February 2017|quote=Of the total Muslim population, 10–13% are Shia Muslims and 87–90% are Sunni Muslims.|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170205171040/http://www.pewforum.org/files/2009/10/Muslimpopulation.pdf|archivedate=5 February 2017|df=dmy-all}}</ref>{{refn|group=note|name=Denied|Original source estimated 87–90% of Muslims to adhere to Sunni Islam but counted almost all non-denominational Muslims as Sunni. To get a more accurate estimation, percentage of Non-denominational Muslims (15–20%) was subtracted from the original estimation}}<br>
10–13% [[Shia Islam]]<ref name=Distrib/><br>
15–20% [[Non-denominational Muslim|Non-denominational Islam]]<ref name=affiliation>{{cite web|url=http://www.pewforum.org/2012/08/09/the-worlds-muslims-unity-and-diversity-1-religious-affiliation/#identity|title=Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation|date=9 August 2012|work=The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity|publisher=[[Pew Research Center]]'s Religion & Public Life Project|accessdate=4 September 2013|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161226113158/http://www.pewforum.org/2012/08/09/the-worlds-muslims-unity-and-diversity-1-religious-affiliation/#identity|archivedate=26 December 2016|df=dmy-all}}</ref><br>
~1% [[Ahmadiyya]]<ref name="ahmadi" />
~1% Other Muslim traditions, e.g. [[Ibadi Islam]]<ref name=affiliation/>
}}
{{Islam}}
 
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