Kiri dan kanan (politik): Perbedaan revisi

Bot: Perubahan kosmetika
k (Bot: Perubahan kosmetika)
Pada umumnya, sayap kiri diasosiasikan dengan ide-ide seperti [[kebebasan]], [[persamaan derajat]], [[solidaritas]], pembelaan [[hak|hak-hak]], [[perjuangan sosial]], [[reformasi]] dan [[internasionalisme]], sedangkan sayap kanan diasosiasikan dengan ide-ide seperti [[hirarki]], keteraturan, [[kewajiban]], [[tradisi]], [[nasionalisme]], dan mematuhi pihak berwenang.<ref>Andrew Heywood, ''[ Key Concepts in Politics and International Relations]'' (2d ed.: [[Palgrave Macmillan]], 2015), p. 119.</ref>
Kelompok-kelompok yang berbeda dapat diklasifikasikan ke sayap kiri maupun kanan. Pengamat politik biasanya mengelompokkan [[anarkisme]],<ref>Clay Risen, "The Bill of the Century", passim, e.g. "Southern Democrats faced three choices: they could ditch their party for the Republicans; move to the left and hope to ride a wave of an expanding post-Jim Crow black electorate; or double down on segregation and white supremacy ..." p. 168, Bloomsbury Press, 2015, {{ISBN|978-1608198269}}</ref><ref>Brooks, Frank H. (1994). The Individualist Anarchists: An Anthology of Liberty (1881–1908). Transaction Publishers. p. xi. "Usually considered to be an extreme left-wing ideology, anarchism has always included a significant strain of radical individualism ..."</ref> [[komunisme]], [[sosialisme]], [[sosialisme demokrat]],<ref>
* Euclid Tsakalotis, "European Employment Policies: A New Social Democratic Model for Europe" in ''The Economics of the Third Way: Experiences from Around the World'' (eds. Philip Arestis & Malcolm C. Sawyer: Edward Elgar Publishing 2001), p. 26: "most left-wing approaches (social democratic, democratic socialist, and so on) to how the market economy works...").
* "Introduction" in ''The Nordic Model of Social Democracy ''(eds. Nik Brandal, Øivind Bratberg & Dag Einar Thorsen: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013): "In Scandinavia, as in the rest of the world, 'social democracy' and 'democratic socialism' have often been used interchangeably to define the part of the left pursuing gradual reform through democratic means."</ref> [[libertarianisme kiri]], [[progresivisme]], [[liberalisme sosial]],<ref>JoAnne C. Reuss, ''American Folk Music and Left-Wing Politics'', The Scarecrow Press, 2000, {{ISBN|978-0-8108-3684-6}}</ref><ref>Van Gosse, ''The Movements of the New Left, 1950–1975: A Brief History with Documents'', Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, {{ISBN|978-1-4039-6804-3}}</ref> [[persamaan ras]]<ref>Michael J. Klarman, "From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality", "... many of the white Americans who were most sympathetic to racial equality belonged to left-wing organizations...", p. 375, Oxford University Press, 2006, {{ISBN|978-0195310184}}</ref>dan [[serikat buruh]]<ref>
* Heikki Paloheimo, "Between Liberalism and Corporatism: The Effect of Trade Unions and Governments on Economic Performance in Eighteen OECD Countries" in ''Labour Relations and Economic Performance: Proceedings of a Conference Held By the International Economic Association in Venice, Italy'' (eds. Renator Brunetta & Carlo Dell'Aringa: [[International Economic Association]]/Palgrave Macmillan, 1990), p. 119: "It is easier for trade unions to have mutual understanding with left-wing governments than with right-wing governments. In the same way, it is easier for left-wing governments to have mutual understanding with trade unions."
* Thomas Poguntke, "Living in Separate Worlds? Left-wing Parties and Trade Uions in European Democracies" in Citizenship and Democracy in an Era of Crisis (eds. Thomas Poguntke et al.: Routledge: 2015), p. 173 ("So far we have argued that parties of the left are the natural allies of the trade union movement ... it goes almost without saying that this a simplification."), p. 181: "When it comes to overlapping memberships, left-wing parties have always been, by and large, strongly connected to the trade union movement.").</ref> ke kelompok sayap kiri. [[Konservatisme]], [[libertarianisme kanan]],<ref>{{cite encyclopedia |last=Feser |first=Edward C. |authorlink=Edward Feser |editor-first=Ronald |editor-last=Hamowy |editor-link=Ronald Hamowy |encyclopedia=The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism |title=Conservative Critique of Libertarianism |url= |year=2008 |publisher= [[SAGE Publications|SAGE]]; [[Cato Institute]] |location= Thousand Oaks, CA |doi= 10.4135/9781412965811.n62|isbn= 978-1412965804 |oclc=750831024| lccn = 2008009151 |pages=95–97 |quote= Libertarianism and conservatism are frequently classified together as right-wing political philosophies, which is understandable given the content and history of these views.|ref= }}</ref> [[neokonservatisme]], [[imperialisme]], [[monarkisme]],<ref>
* ''Politics in Europe'', 6th ed. (eds. M. Donald Hancock et al.: [[SAGE Publications|SAGE]]/[[CQ Press]], 2015), p. 139: "Historically, the political right was characterized by its identification with the status quo. It favored monarchism and deplored the [[French Revolution|Revolutions of 1789]] and [[Revolutions of 1848|1848]]."
* Thomas M. Magstadt, ''Understanding Politics: Ideas, Institutions, and Issues'', 12th ed. (Centgage Learning, 2015), p. 28: "Ideologies of the right: Monarchism is at the opposite end of the political spectrum .... After World War I, fascism supplanted monarchism as the principle ideology of the extreme Right."</ref> [[fasisme]],<ref>
== Referensi ==
[[Kategori:Istilah politik]]