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Taurat membuat cerita-cerita, pernyataan-pernyataan hukum dan pernyataan-pernyataan etika. Secara keseluruhan hukum-hukum ini biasanya disebut "hukum alkitabiah" (''biblical law'') atau "perintah-perintah" (''commandments'') juga dikenal sebagai '''Hukum Musa''' (''Law of Moses'' atau '''Mosaic Law'''; ''Torat Moshe'', {{hebrew|תּוֹרַת־מֹשֶׁה}}). Musa menerima seluruh hukum Allah ini di atas [[gunung Sinai]]. Hukum-hukum ini merupakan bagian pertama Taurat yang diterimanya.
 
=== Taurat lisan dalam Yudaisme ===
<!--{{See also|Taurat lisan}}-->
 
Orthodox Jews and Conservative Jews accept these texts as the basis for all subsequent halakha and codes of Jewish law, which are held to be normative. Reform and Reconstructionist Jews deny that these texts may be used for determining normative law (laws accepted as binding) but accept them as the authentic and only Jewish version for understanding the Torah and its development throughout history.
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=== Mistisisme Yahudi ===
{{See|Kabbalah}}
Penganut [[Kabbalah]] percaya bahwa tidak hanya kata-kata yang memberi pesan ilahi, melainkan ada pesan yang jauh melampuinya. Demikianlah mereka yakin bahwa tanda sekecil apapun misalnya ''kotzo shel yod'' (קוצו של יוד), yaitu guratan kait ([[serif]]) pada [[huruf Ibrani]] ''[[Yod (huruf Ibrani)|yod]]'' (י), huruf terkecil, atau tanda hiasan, atau kata-kata yang berulang, ditempatkan di sana oleh Allah untuk memberi sejumlah pelajaran. <!--This is regardless of whether that yod appears in the phrase "I am the Lord thy God" ({{hebrew|אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ}}, Exodus 20:2) or whether it appears in "And God spoke unto Moses saying" ({{hebrew|וַיְדַבֵּר אֱלֹהִים, אֶל-מֹשֶׁה; וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו, אֲנִי יְהוָה.}} Exodus 6:2). In a similar vein, [[Rabbi Akiva]] (ca.50–ca.135CE), is said to have learned a new law from every ''et'' (את) in the Torah ([[Talmud]], tractate Pesachim 22b); the word ''et'' is meaningless by itself, and serves only to mark the [[Object (grammar)|direct object]]. In other words, the [[Orthodox Judaism|Orthodox]] belief is that even apparently contextual text "And God spoke unto Moses saying&nbsp;..." is no less important than the actual statement.