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{{Infobox philosopher
'''Gabriel Marcel''' adalah seorang [[filsuf]] dari [[Perancis]], dan merupakan salah satu filsuf [[fenomenologi]] dan [[eksistensialisme|eksistensialis]] yang berpengaruh besar di Perancis.<ref name="Audi">{{en}}K.R. Hanley. 1999. "Marcel, Gabriel". In ''The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy''. Robert Audi, ed. 834-835. London: Cambridge University Press.</ref> Selain sebagai filsuf, ia dikenal juga sebagai [[musisi]], kritikus drama, dan pengarang.<ref name="Audi"/> Tulisan-tulisan [[filsafat]] Marcel seringkali ditulis dalam bentuk [[drama]].<ref name="Audi"/>
|region = [[Filsafat Barat]]
|era = [[Filsafat abad ke-20]]
|image = Gabriel Marcel (c. 1951).jpg
|name = Gabriel Marcel
|birth_date = {{birth date|1889|12|7|df=yes}}
|birth_place = [[Paris]], [[Perancis]]
|death_date = {{death date and age|1973|10|8|1889|12|7|df=yes}}
|death_place = Paris, Perancis
|alma_mater = [[Universitas Paris]]
|school_tradition = [[Eksistensialisme]]<br>[[Fenomenologi eksistensial]]<ref>{{en}} Paul T. Brockelman, ''Existential Phenomenology and the World of Ordinary Experience: An Introductio'', University Press of America, 1980, p. 3.</ref>
|main_interests = [[Ontologi]]{{·}} [[Subjektivitas]]{{·}} [[Etika]]
|notable_ideas = [[Yang Lain (filsafat)|"Yang Lain"]] (''autrui''), filsafat konkret (''philosophie concrète'')
|influences = [[Henri Bergson|Bergson]]{{·}}[[Martin Buber|Buber]]{{·}}[[Martin Heidegger|Heidegger]]{{·}}[[Søren Kierkegaard|Kierkegaard]]<ref>{{en}} Jon Bartley Stewart, ''Kierkegaard and Existentialism'', Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011, p. 204.</ref>{{·}}[[Edmund Husserl|Husserl]]<ref>{{en}} Spiegelberg, Herbert and Schuhmann, Karl (1982). ''The Phenomenological Movement''. Springer. pp. 438–439, 448–449.</ref>{{·}}[[François Mauriac|Mauriac]]{{·}}[[Josiah Royce|Royce]]<ref>{{en}} A. Wadge, ''The Influence of Royce on the philosophy of Gabriel Marcel'', Master's thesis, Durham University, 1972.</ref>
|influenced = [[Pierre Boutang|Boutang]]{{·}}[[Emmanuel Levinas|Levinas]]{{·}}[[Walker Percy|Percy]]{{·}}[[Jean Wahl|Wahl]]{{·}}[[Paul Ricoeur|Ricoeur]]
}}
'''Gabriel Honoré Marcel''' ({{IPA-fr|ɡa.bʁi.jɛl ɔ.nɔ.ʁe maʁ.sɛl|lang}}; {{lahirmati||7|12|1889||8|10|1973}}) adalah seorang [[kritik musik|kritikus musik]], [[pengarang drama]], [[filsafat Perancis|filsuf Perancis]], dan tokoh terkemuka [[eksistensialisme Kristen]].<ref name="Audi">{{en}} {{cite book |author=K.R. Hanley |year=1999 |chapter=Marcel, Gabriel |title=The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy |editor=Robert Audi |pages=834-835 |location=London |publisher=Cambridge University Press}}</ref> Ia adalah penulis lebih dari selusin buku dan setidaknya tiga puluh drama, karya-karyanya berfokus pada pergumulan individu modern dalam suatu masyarakat yang tidak manusiawi secara teknologi. Kendati sering dipandang sebagai tokoh eksistensialis Perancis yang pertama, ia melepaskan diri dari figur seperti [[Jean-Paul Sartre]], serta memilih istilah 'Filsafat Eksistensi' atau "neo-Sokrateanisme" untuk mendefinisikan buah pemikirannya. ''[[Misteri Eksistensi]]'' ({{lang-fr|Le Mystère de l'être}}) adalah buku dua jilid karya Marcel yang dikenal luas.
 
== Riwayat Hidup ==
 
'''Engkau Absolut''' berbicara mengenai [[Allah]]. Melalui relasi dengan orang lain, bagi Marcel dapat menghantarkan kita kepada kehadiran dari "Yang Lain" atau Tuhan.<ref name="Sweetman"/> Di sinilah maka kepercayaan, iman, dan harapan tidak memerlukan pembuktian sistematis maupun [[rasionalisme|logika]] yang [[empirisme|empiris]].<ref name="Sweetman">{{en}}Brendan Sweetman., ''The vision of Gabriel Marcel: epistemology, human person, the transcendent'', New York: Edition Rodopi B.V, 2008</ref>
 
== Karya dalam terjemahan Inggris ==
* 1948. ''The Philosophy of Existence.'' [[Manya Harari]], trans. London: The Harvill Press. Later editions were titled ''The Philosophy of Existentialism''.
* 1949. ''Being and Having.'' Katherine Farrer, trans. Westminster, London: Dacre Press.
* 1950. ''The Metaphysical Journal.'' Bernard Wall, trans. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.
* 1951. ''The Mystery of Being, Vol. 1, Reflection and Mystery.'' [[G. S. Fraser]], trans. London: The Harvill Press.
* 1951. ''The Mystery of Being, Vol. 2, Faith and Reality.'' René Hague, trans. London: The Harvill Press.
* 1956. ''[[Josiah Royce|Royce]]'s Metaphysics.'' Virginia and Gordon Ringer, trans. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.
* 1962. ''Man Against Mass Society.'' G. S. Fraser, trans. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.
* 1962. ''Homo Viator: Introduction to a Metaphysic of Hope.'' Emma Craufurd, trans. Harper & Brothers.
* 1963. ''The Existential Background of Human Dignity.'' Harvard University Press.
* 1964. ''Creative Fidelity.'' Translated, with an introduction, by Robert Rosthal. Farrar, Strauss and Company.
* 1967. ''Presence and Immortality.'' Michael A. Machado, trans. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
* 1967. ''Problematic Man.'' Brian Thompson, trans. New York: Herder and Herder.
* 1973. ''Tragic Wisdom and Beyond.'' Stephen Jolin and Peter McCormick, trans. Publication of the Northwestern University Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, ed. [[John Daniel Wild|John Wild]]. Northwestern University Press.
* 1998. ''Gabriel Marcel's Perspectives on The Broken World: The Broken World, a Four-Act Play, Followed by Concrete Approaches to Investigating the Ontological Mystery.'' Katharine Rose Hanley, trans. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
* 2002. ''Awakenings'' Peter Rogers, trans. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
* 2004. ''Ghostly Mysteries: Existential Drama: A Mystery of Love & The Posthumous Joke.'' Katharine Rose Hanley, trans. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
* 2008. ''A Path to Peace: Fresh Hope for the World. Dramatic Explorations: Five Plays by Gabriel Marcel: The Heart of Others/Dot the I/The Double Expertise/The Lantern/Colombyre or The Torch of Peace.'' Katharine Rose Hanley, trans. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.
* 2009. ''Thou Shall Not Die.'' Compiled by Anne Marcel. Katharine Rose Hanley, trans. South Bank: St Augustine's Press.
 
== lihat pula ==
* [[Eksistensialisme]]
* [[Personalisme]]
 
== Referensi ==
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
==Bacaan lanjutan==
* {{en}} [[Emmanuel Levinas]], [[Paul Ricœur]] and [[Xavier Tilliette]], ''Jean Wahl et Gabriel Marcel'', Beauchesne, 1976, 96 p., {{ISBN|2-7010-0240-0}}
* {{en}} Paul Marcus, ''In Search of the Spiritual: Gabriel Marcel, Psychoanalysis, and the Sacred'' (London: Karnac), 2012. {{ISBN|1780490542}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{wikiquote|en:Gabriel Marcel|Gabriel Marcel}}
* {{en}} [[Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]]: [http://www.iep.utm.edu/marcel/ Gabriel Marcel] – by Jill Graper Hernandez.
* {{en}} [[Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy]]: [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marcel/ Gabriel (-Honoré) Marcel] – by Brian Treanor.
* {{en}} [http://www.rockhurst.edu/gabriel-marcel-society/overview/ The Gabriel Marcel Society]
* {{en}} [http://research.hrc.utexas.edu:8080/hrcxtf/view?docId=ead/00084.xml/ Gabriel Marcel's Collection] at the [http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/ Harry Ransom Center] at [[The University of Texas at Austin]]
* {{en}} [http://www.metapsychique.org/Hommage-a-Gabriel-Marcel.html Homage to Gabriel Marcel] (Article from the "''Revue Métapsychique''" (no. 14, June 1969, pp.&nbsp;41–52)
 
{{Filsafat kontinental}}
{{Sejarah teologi Katolik}}
 
{{Authority control}}
{{reflist}}
 
{{lifetime|1889|1973|}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Marcel, Gabriel}}
[[Category:Penulis dari Paris]]
[[Kategori:Filsuf Abad ke-20 Perancis]]
[[Category:Pengarang drama Perancis abad ke-20]]
[[Kategori:Eksistensialis Kristen]]
[[Category:Filsuf Perancis abad ke-20]]
[[Category:Kritikus musik Perancis]]
[[Category:Tokoh Katolik Perancis]]
[[Category:Penulis Katolik Perancis]]
[[Category:Filsuf Katolik Roma]]
[[Category:Fenomenolog]]
[[Category:Teolog eksistensialis]]
[[Category:Tokoh eksistensialis Kristen]]
[[Category:Penulis tentang antisemitisme]]
[[Category:Tokoh yang berpindah agama ke Katolik Roma]]
[[Category:Pemenang Hadiah Erasmus]]
[[Category:Anggota Académie des sciences morales et politiques]]
[[Kategori:Filsuf Kristen]]
[[Kategori:Filsuf Perancis]]
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