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== Referensi ==
* Brown, Gordon S. ''The Norman Conquest of Southern Italy and Sicily''. Jefferson NC: McFarland & Company, 2003.
* Eads, Valerie. "Civitate, Battle of," in ''The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology''. Edited by Clifford J. Rogers. Vol. 1. Oxford: University Press, 2010. pp. 402–403.
* [[Ferdinand Chalandon|Chalandon, Ferdinand]]. ''Histoire de la domination normande en Italie et en Sicilie''. Paris: 1907.
* Joranson, Einar. "[http://www.jstor.org/stable/2848427 The Inception of the Career of the Normans in Italy: Legend and History.]" ''[[Speculum (journal)|Speculum]]'', Vol. 23, No. 3. (Jul., 1948), pp. 353–396.
* Le Patourel, John. "Normans and Normandy," in ''Dictionary of the Middle Ages''. Edited by Joseph R. Strayer. Vol. 9. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1989. pp. 159–170.
* Loud, Graham Alexander. "Continuity and change in Norman Italy: the Campania during the eleventh and twelfth centuries." ''[[Journal of Medieval History]]'', Vol. 22, No. 4 (December, 1996), pp. 313–343.
* Loud, Graham Alexander. "How 'Norman' was the Norman Conquest of Southern Italy?" ''Nottingham Medieval Studies'', Vol. 25 (1981), pp. 13–34.
* Loud, Graham Alexander. ''The Age of Robert Guiscard: Southern Italy and the Norman Conquest''. New York: Longman, 2000.
* Meschini, Marco, ''Battaglie Medievali'', pp. 13–36.
* Norwich, John Julius. ''The Other Conquest''. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.
 
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[[Kategori:Konflik tahun 1053]]
[[Kategori:Italia dalam tahun 1053]]