Sister Rosetta Tharpe: Perbedaan revisi

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'''Sister Rosetta Tharpe''' ({{lahirmati||20|3|1915||9|10|1973}}) adalah seorang penyanyi, penulis lagu, gitaris dan artis rekaman Amerika. Sebagai pelopor musik pertengahan abad ke-20, ia meraih ketenaran pada 1930an dan 1940an dengan rekaman-rekaman [[musik gospel|gospel]]-nya, yang dikarakterisasikan dengan percampuran unik dari lirik spiritual dan iring-iringan ritme yang menjadi pendahulu dari [[rock and roll]]. Ia adalah bintang rekaman besar pertama dari musik gospel dan salah satu musisi gospel pertama yang tampil ke audien [[rhythm and blues|rhythm-and-blues]] dan rock-and-roll, kemudian disebut sebagai "saudari soul asli" dan "walibaptis rock and roll".<ref name="allmusic.com">{{cite web|author=Sister Rosetta Tharpe |url=http://www.allmusic.com/artist/sister-rosetta-tharpe-mn0000013511 |title=Sister Rosetta Tharpe |publisher=AllMusic |year=2015 |accessdate=March 23, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=1781 |website=encyclopediaofarkansas.net |title='Sister Rosetta' Tharpe (1915{{ndash}}1973) |first1=William K.|last1=McNeil|first2=Terry|last2=Buckalee|accessdate=August 22, 2015}}</ref><ref name="last.fm">{{cite web|url=http://www.last.fm/music/Sister+Rosetta+Tharpe |title=Sister Rosetta Tharpe |publisher=Last.fm |year=2015 |accessdate=March 23, 2015}}</ref><ref name="pbs.org">{{cite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/black-culture/shows/list/rock-and-roll-rosetta-tharpe/|title=Godmother of Rock and Roll: Sister Rosetta Tharpe|accessdate=August 8, 2015}}</ref><ref>Wald, Gayle. ''Shout, Sister, Shout!'' p. vii.</ref> Ia mempengaruhi para musisi rock-and-roll awal, yang meliputi [[Little Richard]], [[Johnny Cash]], [[Chuck Berry]], [[Elvis Presley]] dan [[Jerry Lee Lewis]].<ref name="pbs.org"/><ref name="popmatters.com">{{cite web|first=Dan |last=DeLuca |url=http://www.popmatters.com/pm/feature/sister-rosetta-tharpe-got-rock-rolling-long-before-elvis/ |title=Sister Rosetta Tharpe got rock rolling long before Elvis |work=[[PopMatters]] |date=February 26, 2007 |accessdate=March 23, 2015}}</ref><ref name="bbc.co.uk">{{cite web |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b00xf8k7/the-godmother-of-rock-roll-sister-rosetta-tharpe |title=The Godmother of Rock & Roll: Sister Rosetta Tharpe |work=[[BBC Four]] |date=May 24, 2011 |accessdate=March 23, 2015}}</ref>
 
== Referensi ==
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
=== Daftar pustaka ===
* {{cite book |last=Boyer |first=Horace Clarence |year=1995 |title=How Sweet the Sound: The Golden Age of Gospel |publisher=Elliott and Clark |isbn=0-252-06877-7}}
* {{cite book |last=Heilbut |first=Tony |authorlink=Anthony Heilbut |year=1997 |title=The Gospel Sound: Good News and Bad Times |publisher=Limelight Editions |isbn=0-87910-034-6}}
* {{cite book |last=White |first=Charles |year=2003 |title=The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Authorised Biography |publisher=Omnibus Press |page=17}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.recordconnexion.nl/tharpe.htm Discography]
{{Portal|Biografi}}
* {{IMDb name|id=0857093}}
* [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/sister-rosetta-tharpe/film-the-godmother-of-rock-roll/2516/ Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll], written and directed by Mick Csaky, [[PBS]], ''[[American Masters]]'', January 9, 2013
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1603597 The Gospel of Sister Rosetta Tharpe], National Public Radio, ''All Things Considered'', January 17, 2004
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20120514205416/http://www.will.uiuc.edu/media/aftmag070222.mp3 Interview with Tharpe biographer Gayle F. Wald], WILL-AM radio, February 22, 2007
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=102167126 Sister Rosetta Tharpe: Etched in Stone at Last], National Public Radio, ''All Things Considered'', March 20, 2009
* [http://www.premierguitar.com/Magazine/Issue/2011/May/Forgotten_Heroes_Sister_Rosetta_Tharpe.aspx Premier Guitar – Forgotten Heroes: Sister Rosetta Tharpe]
 
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