Kerajaan Polandia (1385–1569): Perbedaan revisi

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{{Infobox former country
{{Infobox former country|conventional_long_name=Kingdom of Poland|native_name=''Królestwo Polskie'' <small>([[Polish language|pl]])</small><br />''Regnum Poloniae'' <small>([[Latin language|la]])</small>|year_end=1569|common_name=Poland|p1=Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)|flag_p1=Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg|border_p1=no|life_span=1385–1569|year_start=1385|s1=Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth|flag_s1=Chor%C4%85giew_kr%C3%B3lewska_kr%C3%B3la_Zygmunta_III_Wazy.svg|border_s1=no|image_flag=Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg|image_coat=Reconstruction of the Grand Coat of Arms of the Crown of the Polish Kingdom.svg|flag_border=no|flag=Banner of Poland|flag_type=Royal Banner|symbol=Coat of arms of Poland|symbol_type=Royal Coat of arms|national_motto=''[[Nihil novi|Nic o nas bez nas]]''<br /><small>"Nothing about us without us"</small>|national_anthem=''[[Gaude Mater Polonia]]''<ref name="Anthem Creation History">[http://www.a-pesni.golosa.info/polsk/gaudemater.htm Anthem Creation History]</ref><br /><small>"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"</small>|image_map=Polska 1386 - 1434.png|image_map_caption=The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 & 1434.|capital=[[Kraków]]|common_languages=[[Polish language|Polish]], [[Latin language|Latin]]|religion=[[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]]|title_leader=[[List of Polish monarchs|Monarch]]|government_type=[[Hereditary Monarchy]]|continent=Europe|year_leader1=1385–1389|leader2=[[Sigismund II Augustus|Sigismund II]] <small>(last)</small>|leader1=[[Jadwiga of Poland|Jadwiga]] <small>(first)</small>|year_leader2=1548–1569|legislature=[[Sejmik]]|house1=[[Senate of the Kingdom of Poland|Senate]]|type_house1=[[Privy Council]]|era=[[Middle Ages]]|event_start=[[Union of Krewo]]|date_start=14 August|event1=[[Nihil novi|Statute adopted]]|date_event1=3 May 1505|event_end=[[Union of Lublin|Union with Lithuania]]|date_end=1 July|currency=[[Ducat]]s, [[Rhenish guilder]]s<br/>[[Polish złoty]] <small>(from 1496)</small><br/>[[Red złoty]] <small>(from 1526)</small>|today={{flag|Belarus}}<br/>{{flag|Moldova}}<br/>{{flag|Poland}}<br/>{{flag|Romania}}<br/>{{flag|Transnistria}}<br/>{{flag|Ukraine}}|region=Eastern Europe}}'''Kerajaan Polandia''' ([[Bahasa Polski|Polish]]: ''Królestwo Polskie''; [[Bahasa Latin|Latin]]: ''Regnum Poloniae''), adalah [[Sovereign state|negara]] [[Polandia]] yang dibuat oleh [[Union of Krewo|Uni Krewo]] yang menyatukan Polandia dan [[Keharyapatihan Lithuania|Lithuania]] di bawah kekuasaan [[Uni personal|satu raja]]. Kemudian, [[Royal elections in Poland|raja terpilih]] di kedua negara adalah orang-orang yang sama, atau anggota keluarga kerajaan yang sama. Uni berubah ke yang lebih dekat, [[Union of Lublin|Uni Lublin]] pada 1569 yang juga merupakan akhir [[Wangsa Jagiellon|dinasti Jagiellon dinasti]] yang telah memerintah Polandia selama dua abad.
|native_name = ''Królestwo Polskie'' <small>([[Bahasa Polandia|pl]])</small><br />''Regnum Poloniae'' <small>([[Bahasa Latin|la]])
|conventional_long_name = Kerajaan Polandia
|common_name = Polandia
|continent = Eropa
|region = Eropa Timur
|country = Polandia
|era = [[Abad pertengahan]]
|status = [[Monarki herediter]]
|status_text = <!--- A free text to describe status the top of the infobox. Use sparingly. --->
|empire = <!--- The empire or country to which the entity was in a state of dependency --->
|government_type = <!--- To generate categories: "Monarchy", "Republic", etc. to generate categories --->
<!--- Rise and fall, events, years and dates --->
<!-- only fill in the start/end event entry if a specific article exists. Don't just say "abolition" or "declaration"-->
|year_start = 1385
|year_end = 1569
|year_exile_start = <!--- Year of start of exile (if dealing with exiled government - status="Exile") --->
|year_exile_end = <!--- Year of end of exile (leave blank if still in exile) --->
|event_start = [[Uni Krewo]]
|date_start = 14 Agustus
|event_end = [[Uni Lublin|Bersatu dengan Lithuania]]
|date_end = 1 Juli
|event1 = [[Nihil novi|Penggunaan undang-undang]]
|date_event1 = 3 Mei 1505
|event2 =
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|event_pre = <!--- Optional: A crucial event that took place before before "event_start"--->
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|event_post = <!--- Optional: A crucial event that took place before after "event_end"--->
|date_post =
<!--- Flag navigation: Preceding and succeeding entities p1 to p5 and s1 to s5 --->
|p1 = Kerajaan Polandia (1025–1385)
|flag_p1 = Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg
|image_p1 = <!--- Use: [[Image:Sin escudo.svg|20px|Image missing]] --->
|p2 =
|flag_p2 =
|p3 =
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|p5 =
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|s1 = Persemakmuran Polandia-Lithuania
|flag_s1 = Chor%C4%85giew_kr%C3%B3lewska_kr%C3%B3la_Zygmunta_III_Wazy.svg
|image_s1 = <!--- Use: [[Image:Sin escudo.svg|20px|Image missing]] --->
|s2 =
|flag_s2 =
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|s5 =
|flag_s5 =
|image_flag = Alex K Kingdom of Poland-flag.svg
|flag_alt = <!--- Alt text for flag -->
|flag = Bendera Polandia
|flag_type = Bendera kerajaan
|image_coat = Reconstruction of the Grand Coat of Arms of the Crown of the Polish Kingdom.svg
|coat_alt = <!--- Alt text for coat of arms --->
|symbol = Lambang Polandia
|symbol_type = Lambang kerajaan
|image_map = Polska 1386 - 1434.png
|image_map_alt =
|image_map_caption = Kerajaan Polandia antara 1386 dan 1434
|image_map2 = <!-- If second map is needed - does not appear by default -->
|image_map2_alt =
|image_map2_caption =
|capital = [[Kraków]]
|capital_exile = <!-- If status="Exile" -->
|latd= |latm= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW=
|national_motto = ''[[Nihil novi|Nic o nas bez nas]]''<br /><small>"Tiada mengenai kita tanpa kita"</small>
|national_anthem = ''[[Gaude Mater Polonia]]''<ref name="Anthem Creation History">[http://www.a-pesni.golosa.info/polsk/gaudemater.htm Anthem Creation History]</ref><br /><small>"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"</small>
|common_languages = [[Bahasa Polandia|Polandia]] dan [[Bahasa Latin|Latin]]
|religion = [[Katolik Roma]]
|currency = [[Dukat]], [[Gulden rhineland]]s<br/>[[Złoty]] <small>(dari 1496)</small><br/>[[Złoty merah]] <small>(dari 1526)</small>
<!--- Titles and names of the first and last leaders and their deputies --->
|leader1 = [[Jadwiga dari Polandia|Jadwiga]] <small>(pertama)</small>
|leader2 = [[Sigismund II Augustus|Sigismund II]] <small>(terakhir)</small>
|leader3 =
|leader4 =
|year_leader1 = 1385–1389
|year_leader2 = 1548–1569
|year_leader3 =
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|title_leader = [[Daftar Raja Polandia|Raja]]
|representative1 = <!--- Name of representative of head of state (eg. colonial governor) --->
|representative2 =
|representative3 =
|representative4 =
|year_representative1 = <!--- Years served --->
|year_representative2 =
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|year_representative4 =
|title_representative = <!--- Default: "Governor"--->
|deputy1 = <!--- Name of prime minister --->
|deputy2 =
|deputy3 =
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|year_deputy1 = <!--- Years served --->
|year_deputy2 =
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|title_deputy = <!--- Default: "Prime minister" --->
<!--- Legislature --->
|legislature = [[Sejmik]]
|house1 = [[Senat Kerajaan Polandia|Senat]]
|type_house1 = [[Dewan Pribadi]]
|house2 = <!--- Name of second chamber --->
|type_house2 = <!--- Default: "Lower house"--->
<!--- Area and population of a given year --->
|stat_year1 = <!--- year of the statistic, specify either area, population or both --->
|stat_area1 = <!--- area in square kílometres (w/o commas or spaces), area in square miles is calculated --->
|stat_pop1 = <!--- population (w/o commas or spaces), population density is calculated if area is also given --->
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|footnotes = <!--- Accepts wikilinks --->
|today = {{flag|Belarus}}<br/>{{flag|Moldova}}<br/>{{flag|Polandia}}<br/>{{flag|Romania}}<br/>{{flag|Transnistria}}<br/>{{flag|Ukraina}}
}}
 
'''Kerajaan Polandia''' ([[Bahasa Polski|Polish]]: ''Królestwo Polskie''; [[Bahasa Latin|Latin]]: ''Regnum Poloniae''), adalah [[Sovereign state|negara]] [[Polandia]] yang dibuat oleh [[Union of Krewo|Uni Krewo]] yang menyatukan Polandia dan [[Keharyapatihan Lithuania|Lithuania]] di bawah kekuasaan [[Uni personal|satu raja]]. Kemudian, [[Royal elections in Poland|raja terpilih]] di kedua negara adalah orang-orang yang sama, atau anggota keluarga kerajaan yang sama. Uni berubah ke yang lebih dekat, [[Union of Lublin|Uni Lublin]] pada 1569 yang juga merupakan akhir [[Wangsa Jagiellon|dinasti Jagiellon dinasti]] yang telah memerintah Polandia selama dua abad.<ref>{{Cite journal|date=2017-06-11|title=Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)|url=https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Poland_(1385%E2%80%931569)&oldid=785022854|journal=Wikipedia|language=en}}</ref>
 
== Lihat pula ==
 
== Referensi ==
<references />
{{Reflist}}
[[Kategori:Bekas negara di Eropa]]
[[Kategori:Sejarah Polandia (1385–1569)]]