Ibnu Haitham: Perbedaan revisi

73 bita ditambahkan ,  2 tahun yang lalu
Penyesuaian transliterasi Arab-Latin dan nama tokoh-tokoh Yunani.
Tag: suntingan perangkat seluler suntingan web seluler
(Penyesuaian transliterasi Arab-Latin dan nama tokoh-tokoh Yunani.)
Tag: suntingan perangkat seluler suntingan web seluler
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{{Infobox scientist
| name = Hasan Ibnbin al-HaythamHaitsam<br/>(Alhazen)
|image = Alhazen, the Persian.gif
|caption = Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham)
| birth_date = {{nowrap |{{birth-date|0965|{{circa}} 965}} [[CommonTahun EraMasehi|CEM]]<ref>{{harvnb|Lorch|2008}}.</ref>{{smaller|(354 [[IslamicTahun calendarHijriah|AHH]])<ref>{{Harvnb|Falco|2007}}.</ref>}} }}
| birth_place = [[BasraBasrah|Bashrah]], [[BuyidDinasti dynastyBuwayhiyah|Buyid EmirateBuwaihiyah]]
| death_date = {{nowrap |{{death-date and age|1040|0965|{{circa}} 1040}} [[Tahun Masehi|M]]<ref>{{harvnb|Lorch|2008}}.</ref>{{smaller|(430 AH[[Tahun Hijriah|H]])<ref>{{Harvnb|Rosenthal|1960–19611961}}.</ref>}} }}
| death_place = [[CairoKairo|Qahirah]], [[Fatimid CaliphateFathimiyah]]
| residence = {{hlist |[[BasraBasrah|Bashrah]] |[[Cairo|Qahirah]]}}
| fields = {{hlist |[[OpticsOptik]] |[[AstronomyAstronomi]] |[[MathematicsMatematika]]}}
| workplaces =
|alma_mater =
|notable_students =
| influences = [[AristotleAristoteles]], [[EuclidEuklides]], [[PtolemyPtolemaeus]], [[GalenGalenus]], [[BanūMuhammad Mūsābin Musa bin Syakir]], [[ThābitTsabit ibnbin QurraQurrah]], [[Alal-Kindi]], [[IbnIbnu Sahl]], [[AbūAbu Sahl al-QūhīQuhi]]
| influenced = [[OmarUmar Khayyam]], [[Taqi ad-DinTaqiyuddin Muhammad ibnbin Ma'ruf]], [[KamālKamaluddin al-Dīn al-FārisīFarisi]], [[AverroesIbnu Rusyd]], [[Alal-Khazini]], [[John Peckham]], [[Witelo]], [[Roger Bacon]]{{sfnp|Ackerman|1978|p=119}}
| known_for = [[Book of Optics]]'', ''[[Ibn al-Haytham#Doubts Concerning Ptolemy|Doubts Concerning Ptolemy]]'', [[Alhazen's problem]], [[Analysis]],<ref>{{Harvnb|O'Connor|Robertson|1999}}.</ref> [[Catoptrics]],<ref>{{Harvnb|El-Bizri|2010|p=11}}: "Ibn al-Haytham's groundbreaking studies in optics, including his research in catoptrics and dioptrics (respectively the sciences investigating the principles and instruments pertaining to the reflection and refraction of light), were principally gathered in his monumental opus: Kitåb al-manåóir (The Optics; De Aspectibus or Perspectivae; composed between 1028 CE and 1038 CE)."</ref> [[Horopter]], [[Moon illusion]], [[Experiment|experimental science]], [[scientific method]]ology,<ref>{{Harvnb|Rooney|2012|p=39}}: "As a rigorous experimental physicist, he is sometimes credited with inventing the scientific method."</ref> [[visual perception]], [[empirical theory of perception]], [[Comparative psychology|Animal psychology]]<ref>{{Harvnb|Baker|2012|p=449}}: "As shown earlier, Ibn al-Haytham was among the first scholars to experiment with animal psychology.</ref>
| footnotes =
}}
'''Abu Ali Muhammad al-HassanHasan ibnubin al-HaithamHaitsam''' ([[Bahasa Arab]]:ابو علی، حسن بن حسن بن الهيثم) atau '''Ibnu HaithamHaitsam''' ([[BasraBasrah|Bashrah]],[[965]] - [[Kairo|Qahirah]] [[1039]]), dibarat lebih dikenal dengan nama ''Alhazen''. Adalah seorang [[ilmuwan]] [[Islam]] yang ahli dalam bidang [[sains]], [[falak]], [[matematika]], [[geometri]], [[pengobatan]], dan [[filsafat]]. Ia banyak pula melakukan penelitian mengenai [[cahaya]], dan telah memberikan banyak inspirasi pada ahli sains barat, seperti Roger [[Bacong, Negros Oriental|Bacon]], dan [[Kepler]] dalam menciptakan [[mikroskop]] serta [[teleskop]]..
 
== Sejarah ==
37

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