Sepur standar: Perbedaan antara revisi

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'''Sepur standar''' (juga '''sepur Stephenson''' yang mengambil nama dari [[George Stephenson]], '''sepur internasional''', atau '''sepur normal''') adalah sebuah [[sepur trek|sepur trek jalur rel]] yang banyak digunakan. Sekitar 55% jalur di dunia adalah sebuah sepur. Seluruh jalur [[rel berkecepatan tinggi]] (kecuali di [[rel berkecepatan tinggi di Rusia|Rusia]], [[rel berkecepatan tinggi di Uzbekistan|Uzbekistan]], India, dan [[rel berkecepatan tinggi di Finlandia|Finlandia]]) adalah sepur standar. Jalur tersebut juga disebut '''sepur UIC''' atau '''sepur trek UIC''',<ref>{{cite web |author= Francesco FALCO |url= http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/news__events/newsroom/eu_support_to_help_convert_the_port_of_barcelonas_rail_network_to_uic_gauge.htm |publisher=TEN-T Executive Agency |title= EU support to help convert the Port of Barcelona’s rail network to UIC gauge |date= 23 Januari 2013 |accessdate= 20 Agustus 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.uic.org/com/article/spain-opening-of-the-first?page=thickbox_enews |title=Spain: opening of the first standard UIC gauge cross-border corridor between Spain and France |publisher= UIC Communications |date= |accessdate=20 Agustus 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://ip.com/patfam/en/43414081 |title=Displaceable rolling bogie for railway vehicles |publisher=IP.com |date= |accessdate=20 Agustus 2013}}</ref> '''sepur Eropa''' di UE<ref>{{cite web|author=Francesco FALCO |url=http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects/ten-t_projects_by_country/estonia/2007-ee-27010-s.htm |publisher=TEN-T Executive Agency |title= 2007-EE-27010-S |date=31 Desember 2012 |accessdate=20 Agustus 2013}}</ref> dan Rusia,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://speedrail.ru/en/scm_in_the_world/detail13.html |title=Japan |publisher=Speedrail.ru |date=1 Oktober 1964 |accessdate=20 August 2013}}</ref> atau '''sepur seragam''' di [[Queensland]]. Di Indonesia dewasa ini tidak digunakan sepur standar.
 
== Referensi ==
=== Karya yang dikutip ===
{{refbegin}}
* {{cite book|last=Allen|first=Geoffrey Freeman|title=Jane's World Railways, 1987–88|publisher= Jane's Information Group|year= 1987|isbn=9780710608482|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Baxter|first=Bertran|year=1966|title=Stone Blocks and Iron Rails (Tramroads)|series=Industrial Archaeology of the British Isles|location=Newton Abbot|publisher=[[David & Charles]]|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|title=The Rocket Men|first=Robin|last=Jones|year=2013|publisher=Mortons Media Group|isbn= 9781909128279}}
* {{cite book|title=Brunel in South Wales|first=Stephen K.|last=Jones|volume=vol. II: Communications and Coal|year=2009|publisher=The History Press|location=Stroud|isbn=9780752449128|ref=harv|pages=64–65}}
* {{cite book|first=João Bosco|last=Setti|title=Brazilian Railroads|year=2008|location=Rio de Janeiro|publisher=Memória do Trem|isbn=9788586094095|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=naDdBL0NZSUC&pg=PA25&lpg=PA25|via=Google Books|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last= Vaughan|first=A.|year=1997|title=Railwaymen, Politics and Money|location=London|publisher=John Murray|isbn=0-7195-5150-1|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Whishaw|first=Francis|authorlink=Francis Whishaw|year=1842|title=The Railways of Great Britain and Ireland: Practically Described and Illustrated|location=London|publisher=John Weale (republished 1969, [[David & Charles]] reprints: Newton Abbot)|isbn=0-7153-4786-1|ref=harv}}
{{refend}}
 
== Bacaan tambahan ==
{{refbegin}}
* {{cite book|last1=Pomeranz|first1=Kenneth|first2=Steven|last2=Topik|year=1999|title=The World that Trade Created: Society, Culture, and World Economy, 1400 to the Present|publisher=M.E. Sharpe|location=Armonk, NY|isbn=0-7656-0250-4}}
* {{cite book|last=Puffert|first=Douglas J.|title=Tracks across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in Railway Gauge|publisher=University of Chicago Press|year=2009|isbn=978-0-226-68509-0}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
* {{cite news|url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13868834|title=The Sydney Morning Herald|newspaper=[[The Sydney Morning Herald]]|date=23 May 1892|accessdate=14 August 2011|page=4|via=National Library of Australia}}, a discussion of gauge in Australia circa 1892
* [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WFJ-479TY6T-3&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=a65f658d584587a41e29c0389b1014d3 A learned text of standardisation of gauge]
* {{cite news|url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article62159153|title=Standard Railway Gauge|newspaper=[[Townsville Bulletin]]|date=5 October 1937|accessdate=19 March 2014|page=12|via=National Library of Australia}}, a discussion of the Roman gauge origin theory.
 
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