Demokrasi Kristen (Italia): Perbedaan revisi

23 bita ditambahkan ,  3 tahun yang lalu
k
Robot: Perubahan kosmetika
(←Membuat halaman berisi '{{About|partai politik yang aktif antara 1943 dan 1994|partai lainnya dengan nama identik atau sama|Demokrasi Kristen (disambiguasi)}} {{Infobox political party | coun...')
 
k (Robot: Perubahan kosmetika)
'''Demokrasi Kristen''' ({{lang-it|Democrazia Cristiana}}, '''DC''') adalah sebuah partai politik [[demokrasi Kristen]]<ref name="CottaVerzichelli">{{cite book|author1=Maurizio Cotta|author2=Luca Verzichelli|title=Political Institutions of Italy|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=G-FAZHBDqggC&pg=PA38|accessdate=24 August 2012|date=12 May 2007|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0-19-928470-2|page=38}}</ref><ref name="MarksWilson">{{cite book|author1=Gary Marks|author2=Carole Wilson|chapter=National Parties and the Contestation of Europe|editor1=T. Banchoff|editor2=Mitchell P. Smith|title=Legitimacy and the European Union|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=GgvLEFPY8l4C&pg=PA126|accessdate=26 Agustus 2012|year=1999|publisher=Taylor & Francis|isbn=978-0-415-18188-4|page=126}}</ref> [[daftar partai politik di Italia|di Italia]]. DC dibentuk pada 1943 sebagai penerus ideologi dari [[Partai Rakyat Italia (1919)|Partai Rakyat Italia]], yang memiliki simbol yang sama, sebuah tameng bergambar salib (''scudo crociato''). Sebagai sebuah partai [[Katolik Roma]], [[sentrisme|sentris]],<ref name="Derbyshire1989">{{cite book|author1=J. Denis Derbyshire|author2=Ian Derbyshire|title=Political Systems Of The World|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=DIkWJ3psB2gC&pg=PA117|year=1989|publisher=Allied Publishers|isbn=978-81-7023-307-7|page=117}}</ref> [[big tent|catch-all party]]<ref name="NewellNewell2010">{{cite book|author1=James L. Newell|author2=James Newell|title=The Politics of Italy: Governance in a Normal Country|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=gJQP0WUt5Z0C&pg=PA27|accessdate=24 Juli 2013|year=2010|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-521-84070-5|page=27}}</ref> yang terdiri dari [[faksi politik]] [[politik sayap kanan|kanan]] dan [[politik sayap kiri|kiri]], DC memainkan peran dominan dalam [[politik Italia]] selama 50 tahun dari pembentukannya pada 1944 sampai akhirnya dibubarkan pada 1994 ketika terjadi penyelidikan yudisial seluruh negeri terhadap [[korupsi politik]] sistematis. Partai tersebut dijuluki Paus Putih (''Balena bianca'').<ref name="Agnew2002">{{cite book|author=John A. Agnew|title=Place and Politics in Modern Italy|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=gNOe_DWHdEsC&pg=PA144|year=2002|publisher=University of Chicago Press|isbn=978-0-226-01051-9|page=144}}</ref>
 
== Kepemimpinan ==
* Sekretaris: [[Alcide De Gasperi]] (1944–1946), [[Attilio Piccioni]] (1946–1949), [[Giuseppe Cappi]] (1949), [[Paolo Emilio Taviani]] (1949–1950), [[Guido Gonella]] (1950–1953), [[Alcide De Gasperi]] (1953–1954), [[Amintore Fanfani]] (1954–1959), [[Aldo Moro]] (1959–1964), [[Mariano Rumor]] (1964–1969), [[Flaminio Piccoli]] (1969), [[Arnaldo Forlani]] (1969–1973), [[Amintore Fanfani]] (1973–1975), [[Benigno Zaccagnini]] (1975–1980), [[Flaminio Piccoli]] (1980–1982), [[Ciriaco De Mita]] (1982–1989), [[Arnaldo Forlani]] (1989–1992), [[Mino Martinazzoli]] (1992–1994)
* Presiden: [[Alcide De Gasperi]] (1946–1954), [[Adone Zoli]] (1954–1960), [[Attilio Piccioni]] (1960–1966), [[Mario Scelba]] (1966–1969), [[Benigno Zaccagnini]] (1969–1975), [[Amintore Fanfani]] (1976), [[Aldo Moro]] (1976–1978), [[Flaminio Piccoli]] (1978–1980), [[Arnaldo Forlani]] (1980–1989), [[Ciriaco De Mita]] (1989–1992), [[Rosa Russo Iervolino]] (1992–1994)
* Pemimpin Partai dalam [[Dewan Deputi Italia|Dewan Deputi]]: [[Giovanni Gronchi]] (1946–1948), [[Giuseppe Cappi]] (1948–1949), [[Giuseppe Spataro]] (1949), [[Giuseppe Cappi]] (1950), [[Giuseppe Bettiol]] (1950–1953), [[Aldo Moro]] (1953–1956), [[Attilio Piccioni]] (1956–1958), [[Luigi Gui]] (1958–1962), [[Benigno Zaccagnini]] (1962–1968), [[Fiorentino Sullo]] (1968), [[Giulio Andreotti]] (1968–1972), [[Flaminio Piccoli]] (1972–1978), [[Giovanni Galloni]] (1978–1979), [[Gerardo Bianco]] (1979–1983), [[Virginio Rognoni]] (1983–1986), [[Mino Martinazzoli]] (1986–1989), [[Vincenzo Scotti]] (1989–1990), [[Antonio Gava]] (1990–1992), [[Gerardo Bianco]] (1992–1994)
 
== Simbol ==
<gallery>
DC Party Logo (1943-1968).svg|1943–1968
* {{Cite book |first=Carlo |last=Masala |title=Born for Government: The Democrazia Cristiana in Italy |editor1=Michael Gehler |editor2=Wolfram Kaiser |work=Christian Democracy in Europe since 1945 |publisher=Routledge |year=2004 |isbn=0-7146-5662-3 |pages=88–102}}
 
== Referensi ==
{{Reflist|33em}}
 
== Sumber ==
* Massimo L. Salvadori, ''Enciclopedia storica'', Zanichelli, [[Bologna]] 2000
* [[Igino Giordani]], ''De Gasperi, il ricostruttore'', Cinque Lune, [[Rome]] 1955
* [[Giulio Andreotti]], ''De Gasperi e il suo tempo'', Mondadori, [[Milan]] 1956
* [[Gianni Baget Bozzo]], ''Il partito cristiano al potere: la DC di De Gasperi e di Dossetti 1945–1954, Vallecchi, [[Florence]] 1974
* [[Gianni Baget Bozzo]], ''Il partito cristiano e l'apertura a sinistra: la DC di Fanfani e di Moro 1954–1962, Vallecchi, [[Florence]] 1977
* [[Pietro Scoppola]], ''La proposta politica di De Gasperi'', Il Mulino, Bologna 1977
* [[Nico Perrone]], ''Il segno della DC'', Dedalo, [[Bari]] 2002 ISBN 88-220-6253-1
* Luciano Radi, ''La DC da De Gasperi a Fanfani'', Rubbettino, [[Soveria Mannelli]] 2005
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.cartacanta.it/manifesti/democrazia%20cristiana/index.html Archive of DC posters – part 1]
* [http://www.cartacanta.it/manifesti/democrazia%20cristiana%20-%20seconda%20parte/index.html Archive of DC posters – part 2]
 
[[Kategori:Partai politik Katolik]]
622.568

suntingan