Kardinal Sekretaris Negara: Perbedaan revisi

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Kardinal Sekretaris Negara saat ini adalah [[Tarcisio Bertone]] dari [[Italia]]. yang telah memegang jabatan ini semenjak tanggal 15 September 2006.
 
== Tugas ==
Kardinal Sekretaris Negara diangkat langsung oleh Sri Paus, dan bekerja sebagai salah satu penasehat utamanya. Sebagai salah satu jabatan senior di [[Gereja Katolik Roma]], jabatan ini haruslah dipegang oleh seorang [[Kardinal]]. Apabila jabatan ini kosong, seseorang yang belum menjadi Kardinal bisa mengisinya sebagai '''Pro-Sekretaris Negara''', menggunakan kekuasaan Sekretaris Negara hingga penggantinya yang layak telah ditemukan atau sang Pro-Sekretaris diangkat menjadi seorang Kardinal di dalam [[konsistori]] berikutnya.
 
In 1968, [[Pope Paul VI]]'s apostolic constitution ''Regimini Ecclesiae Universae'' further enhanced the powers of the Secretary, placing him over all the other departments of the [[Roman Curia]]. In 1973 Paul further broadened the Secretaryship by abolishing the ancient office of [[Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church]] and merging its functions into those of the Secretary.
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== Sekretaris Negara antara tahun 1551 dan 1644 ==
* Girolamo Dandini (1551–1555)
* Carlo Borromeo (1560–1565)
* Tolomeo Gallio (1565–1566)
* Girolamo Rusticucci (1566–1572)
* Tolomeo Gallio (terpilih kembali) (1572–1585)
* Decio Azzolini (senior) (1585–1587)
* Alessandro Peretti de Montalto (Kardinal Keponakan) (1587–1590)
* Paolo Emilio Sfondrati (Kardinal Keponakan) (1591)
* Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce (Kardinal Keponakan) (1591)
* Pierbenedetto Peretti (1592–1593)
* Pietro Aldobrandini (Kardinal Keponakan) (1593–1605)
* Erminio Valenti (1605)
* Lanfranco Margotti (1605–1611)
* Porifrio Feliciani (1611–1621)
* Giovanni Battista Agucchi (1621–1623)
* Lorenzo Magalotti (1623–1628)
* Lorenzo Azzolini (1628–1632)
* Pietro Benessa (1632–1634)
* Francesco Ceva (1634–1643)
* Giovanni Battista Spada (1643–1644)
 
== Kardinal Sekretaris Negara sejak tahun 1644 ==
# Giovanni Giacomo Panciroli (1644–1651)
# [[Paus Aleksander VII|Fabio Chigi]] (1651–1655); kemudian terpilih menjadi [[Paus Aleksander VII]] (1655–1667)
# [[Paus Klemens IX|Giulio Rospigliosi]] (1655–1667); kemudian terpilih menjadi [[Paus Klemens IX]] (1667–1669)
# Decio Azzolini yang muda (1667–1669)
# Federico Borromeo junior (1670–1673)
# Francesco Nerli (1673–1676)
# Alderano Cybo (1676–1689)
# Giambattista Rubini (1689–1691)
# Fabrizio Spada (1691–1700)
# Fabrizio Paolucci (1700–1721) (masa jabatan pertama)
# Giorgio Spinola (1721–1724)
# Fabrizio Paolucci (1724–1726) (masa jabatan kedua)
# Niccolò Maria Lercari (1726–1730)
# Antonio Banchieri (1730–1733)
# Giuseppe Firrao senior (1733–1740)
# Silvio Valenti Gonzaga (1740–1756)
# Alberico Archinto (1756–1758)
# Ludovico Maria Torriggiani (1758–1769)
# Lazzaro Opizio Pallavicini (1769–1785)
# Ignazio Boncompagni Ludovisi (1785–1789)
# Francesco Saverio de Zelada (1789–1796)
# Ignazio Busca (1796–1797)
# Giuseppe Doria Pamphili (1797–1799)
# Ercole Consalvi, pro-sekretaris (1800); sekretaris (1800–1806)
# Filippo Casoni (1806–1808)
# Giulio Gabrielli yang muda (1808–1814) -Giuseppe Doria Pamphilj, pro-sekretaris (1808) -Bartolomeo Pacca, pro-sekretaris (1808–1814)
# Ercole Consalvi (1814–1823)
# Giulio Maria della Somaglia (1823–1828)
# Tommaso Bernetti, pro-sekretaris (1828–1829) (masa jabatan pertama)
# Giuseppe Albani (1829–1830)
# Tommaso Bernetti, pro-sekretaris (1831); Kardinal Secretaris (1831–1836) (masa jabatan kedua)
# Luigi Lambruschini (1836–1846)
# Tommaso Pasquale Gizzi (1846–1847)
# Gabriele Ferretti (1847–1848)
# Giuseppe Bofondi (1848–1848)
# Giacomo Antonelli (1848–1848)(masa jabatan pertama)
# Anton Orioli]] (1848–1848), Kardinal Sekretaris ''ad interim''
# Giovanni Soglia Ceroni (1848–1848)
# Giacomo Antonelli (1848–1876) (masa jabatan kedua)
# Giovanni Simeoni (1876–1878)
# Alessandro Franchi (1878–1878)
# Lorenzo Nina (1878–1880)
# Luigi Jacobini (1880–1887)
# Mariano Rampolla (1887–1903)
# Rafael Merry del Val (1903–1914)
# Domenico Ferrata (Sept–Oct 1914)
# Pietro Gasparri (1914–1930)
# [[Paus Pius XII|Eugenio Pacelli]] (1930–1939) kemudian terpilih sebagai [[Paus Pius XII]]
# Luigi Maglione (1939–1944)
# Domenico Tardini (1958–1961)<ref>[[Pope Pius XII]], having been the Secretary of State under [[Pope Pius XI]], did not name a Secretary after the death of Cardinal Maglione in 1944. Beneath his direct supervision, the duties were divided between two [[Monsignor|protonotaries apostolic]], Domenico Tardini and Giovanni Battista Montini, who in 1952 were both named Pro-Secretary of State, for Extraordinary and Ordinary affairs respectively. In 1954 Montini (the future [[Pope Paul VI]]) left the Roman Curia to become Archbishop of Milan, but only under [[Pope John XXIII]] was Tardini named a Cardinal and full Secretary.</ref>
# Amleto Giovanni Cicognani (1961–1969)
# Jean-Marie Villot (1969–1979)
# Agostino Casaroli (1979–1990)
# [[Angelo Sodano]] (1991–2006)
# [[Tarcisio Bertone]] (2006–''kini'')
 
== Lihat Juga ==
* [[Sekretariat Negara Tahta Suci]]
 
== Referensi ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.zenit.org/english/visualizza.phtml?sid=91490 Secretary of State: a Top Collaborator]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/5106282.stm Italian chosen as Pope's deputy]
 
[[Kategori:Kuria Roma]]