Ekosistem laut: Perbedaan revisi

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Ekosistem lautan pada umumnya memiliki tingkat keanekaragaman hayati yang tinggi sehingga diperkirakan memiliki ketahanan yang baik terhadap [[spesies invasif]]. Namun beberapa kasus yang melibatkan spesies invasif telah ditemukan dan mekanisme yang menentukan kesuksesan spesies invasif ini belum dipahami secara pasti.<ref>Stachowicz, Fried, Osman, Whitlatch ESA Online Journals - BIODIVERSITY, INVASION RESISTANCE, AND MARINE ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION: RECONCILING PATTERN AND PROCESS. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658%282002%29083%5B2575%3ABIRAME%5D2.0.CO%3B2?journalCode=ecol.</ref>
 
== Zonasi ==
Laut merupakan wilayah yang sangat luas, lebih kurang dua pertiga dari permukaan [[bumi]]. Wilayah ekosistem laut sangat terbuka sehingga pengaruh cahaya Matahari sangat besar. Daya tembus cahaya Matahari ke laut terbatas, sehingga ekosistem laut terbagi menjadi dua daerah, yaitu daerah laut yang masih dapat ditembus cahaya Matahari, disebut daerah fotik, daerah laut yang gelap gulita, disebut daerah afotik. Di antara keduanya terdapat daerah remangremang cahaya yang disebut daerah disfotik.<ref name="BSE2"/>
 
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== Bahan bacaan terkait ==
* Barange M, Field JG, Harris RP, Eileen E, Hofmann EE, Perry RI and Werner F (2010) [http://books.google.com/books?id=vUsk4tskgwsC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22marine+ecosystems%22&hl=en&ei=GYJXTNv-As-xcdyCtL8M&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q&f=false ''Marine Ecosystems and Global Change''] Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-955802-5
* Boyd IL, Wanless S and Camphuysen CJ (2006) [http://books.google.com/books?id=r4HfMfgWKv0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22marine+ecosystems%22&hl=en&ei=GYJXTNv-As-xcdyCtL8M&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q&f=false ''Top predators in marine ecosystems: their role in monitoring and management''] Volume 12 of Conservation biology series. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84773-5
* Davenport J (2008) [http://books.google.com/books?id=1_UnjWytNCYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22marine+ecosystems%22&hl=en&ei=GYJXTNv-As-xcdyCtL8M&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFIQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q&f=false ''Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium''] Volume 202 of ''Developments in hydrobiology''. ISBN 978-1-4020-8807-0
* Levner E, Linkov I and Proth J (2005) [http://books.google.com/books?id=ojDLSRNmwdkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22marine+ecosystems%22&hl=en&ei=GYJXTNv-As-xcdyCtL8M&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false ''Strategic management of marine ecosystems''] Springer. Volume 50 of NATO Science Series IV. ISBN 978-1-4020-3158-8
* Mann KH and Lazier JRN (2006) [http://books.google.com/books?id=3My1f9gylPIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22marine+ecosystems%22&hl=en&ei=GYJXTNv-As-xcdyCtL8M&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q&f=false ''Dynamics of marine ecosystems: biological-physical interactions in the oceans''] Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-1118-8
* Moustakas A and Karakassis I (2005) [http://www.uni-jena.de/unijenamedia/Aris_Aquatic_Ecology-p-8026.pdf "How diverse is aquatic biodiversity research?"] ''Aquatic Ecology'', '''39''': 367-375.]
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{commonscat|Marine ecosystems}}
* [http://www.epa.gov/bioiweb1/aquatic/marine.html U.S. Environmental Protection Agency—EPA: Marine Ecosystems]
* [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/365256/marine-ecosystem Encyclopædia Britannica Online: "Marine ecosystem"] — (2008).
* [http://ocean.si.edu/ Smithsonian Institution: Ocean Portal]