<!-- The main natural vegetation cover in Europe is [[forest]]. The conditions for growth are very favourable. In the north, the [[Gulf Stream]] and [[North Atlantic Drift]] warm the continent. Southern Europe could be described as having a warm, but mild climate. There are frequent summer droughts in this region. Mountain ridges also affect the conditions. Some of these ([[Alps]], [[Pyrenees]]) are oriented east-west and allow the wind to carry large masses of water from the ocean in the interior. Others are oriented south-north ([[Scandinavian Mountains]], [[Dinaric Alps|Dinarides]], [[Carpathians]], [[Apennines]]) and because the rain falls primarily on the side of mountains that is oriented towards sea, forests grow well on this side, while on the other side, the conditions are much less favourable. Few corners of mainland Europe have not been grazed by [[livestock]] at some point in time, and the cutting down of the pre-agricultural forest habitat caused disruption to the original plant and animal ecosystems.-->
Delapan puluh sampai sembilan puluh persen Eropa dulunya adalah hutan. Hutan-hutan ini menyebar dari Laut Mediterania sampai [[Samudra Arctic]]. Meskipun begitu hampir separuh hutan awalnya telah menghilang setelah [[kolonisasi]] selama berabad-abad. Sekarang ini Eropa masih memiliki seperempat dari seluruh hutan dunia—hutan [[spruce]] Skandinavia, hutan [[pine]] yang luas di Russia, [[hutan hujan]] [[chestnut]]
Caucasus, dan hutan [[oak cork]] di Mediterania. Sekarang ini penebangan hutan telah dihentikan, dan banyak pohon-pohon ditanam. Negara dengan hutan terkecil adalah [[Irlandia]] (8%) sedangkan negara dengan hutan terluas adalah Finlandia (72%).
In "mainland" Europe, [[deciduous]] forest prevails. The most important species are [[beech]], [[birch]] and [[oak]]. In the north, where [[taiga]] grows, a very common tree species is the [[birch]] tree. In the Mediterranean, many [[olive]] trees have been planted, which are very well adapted to its arid climate. Another common species in Southern Europe is the [[cypress]]. [[Coniferous]] forests prevail at higher altitudes up to the forest boundary and as one moves north within Russia and Scandinavia, giving way to [[tundra]] as the Arctic is approached. The semi-arid Mediterranean region hosts much scrub forest. A narrow east-west tongue of Eurasian [[grassland]]—the [[steppe]]—extends eastwards from Ukraine and southern Russia and ends in Hungary and traverses into taiga to the north.