Haemosporida: Perbedaan revisi

4.489 bita ditambahkan ,  5 tahun yang lalu
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{{Taxobox
#ALIH [[Plasmodiidae]]
| color = rgb(200,250,80)
| domain = [[Eukaryota]]
| superphylum = [[Alveolata]]
| phylum = [[Apicomplexa]]
| classis = [[Aconoidasida]]
| ordo = Haemosporida
| subdivision_ranks = Familia
| subdivision =
*[[Garniidae]]
*[[Haemoproteidae]]
*[[Leucocytozoidae]]
#ALIH *[[Plasmodiidae]]
}}
 
'''Haemosporida''' (kadang-kadang disebut '''Haemospororida''') adalah [[ordo (biologi)|ordo]] [[protozoa]] parasit yng hidup di dalam [[eritrosit]].
 
==Taksonomi==
Lebih dari 500 spesies dalam ordo ini, disusun dalam empat famili: Garniidae, Haemoproteidae, Leucocytozoidae, dan Plasmodiidae. Sebagian besar spesies terletak dalam tiga genera: ''Haemoproteus'', ''Leucocytozoon'', dan ''Plasmodium''.
 
Haemoproteidae dan Plasmodiidae keduanya menghasilkan pigmen. Famili-famili ini telah ditempatkan di subordo Laveraniina. Baik Haemoproteidae maupun Leucocytozoidae tidak memiliki siklus aseksual dalam darah perifer. Garniidae tidak menghasilkan pigmen, tetapi memiliki siklus aseksual dalam darah.
 
Rincian taksa adalah:
*Famili [[Garniidae]]<ref name="Lainson1971">{{cite journal |author=Lainson R, Landau I, Shaw JJ |title=On a new family of non-pigmented parasites in the blood of reptiles: Garniidae fam. nov., (Coccidiida: Haemosporidiidea). Some species of the new genus ''Garnia'' |journal=Int. J. Parasitol |volume=1 |issue=3-4 |pages=241–4 |date=December 1971 |doi=10.1016/0020-7519(71)90027-0 |url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0020751971900270}}</ref>
** Genus ''[[Fallisia]]'' Lainson, Landau & Shaw 1974
*** Subgenus ''[[Fallisia]]''
*** Subgenus ''[[Fallisia|Plasmodioides]]'' Gabaldon, Ulloa and Zerpa 1985
** Genus ''[[Garnia (protista)|Garnia]]'' Lainson, Landau and Shaw 1971
** Genus ''[[Progarnia]]'' Lainson 1995
 
*Famili [[Haemoproteidae]]
** Genus ''[[Johnsprentia]]'' Landau, Chavatte & Beveridge 2012
** Genus ''[[Haemocystidium]]'' Castellani and Willey 1904, emend. Telford 1996
** Genus ''[[Haemoproteus]]'' Kruse 1890
*** Subgenus ''[[Haemoproteus]]''
*** Subgenus ''[[Haemoproteus|Parahaemoproteus]]'' Bennett ''et al'' 1965
** Genus ''[[Paleohaemoproteus]]'' Poinar and Telford 2005
** Genus ''[[Sprattiella]]'' Landau ''et al'' 2012 <ref name=Landau2012>Landau I, Chavatte J.-M., Karadjian, G, Chabaud A & Beveridge I (2012) The haemosporidian parasites of bats with description of ''Sprattiella alecto'' gen. nov., sp. nov. Parasite 19(2):137-146</ref>
 
* Famili [[Leucocytozoidae]]
** Genus ''[[Leucocytozoon]]'' Ziemann 1898 emend. Berestneff 1904, Sambon 1908
*** Subgenus ''[[Leucocytozoon|Akiba]]''
*** Subgenus ''[[Leucocytozoon]]''
 
* Famili Plasmodiidae
** Genus ''[[Bioccala]]'' Landau ''et al'' 1984
** Genus ''[[Biguetiella]]'' Landau ''et al'' 1984
** Genus ''[[Billbraya]]'' Paperna and Landau 1990
** Genus ''[[Dionisia]]'' Landau ''et al'' 1980
** Genus ''[[Hepatocystis]]'' Miller 1908
** Genus ''[[Mesnilium]]'' Misra, Haldar and Chakravarty 1972
** Genus ''[[Nycteria]]'' Garnham and Heisch 1953
** Genus ''[[Plasmodium]]'' Marchiafava and Celli 1885
*** Subgenus ''[[Asiamoeba]]'' Telford 1988
*** Subgenus ''[[Bennettinia]]'' Valkiūnas 1997
*** Subgenus ''[[Carinamoeba]]'' Garnham 1966
*** Subgenus ''[[Giovannolaia]]'' Corradetti, Garnham & Laird 1963
*** Subgenus ''[[Haemamoeba]]'' Grassi & Feletti 1890
*** Subgenus ''[[Huffia]]'' Garnham & Laird 1963
*** Subgenus ''[[Lacertaemoba]]'' Telford 1988
*** Subgenus ''[[Laverania]]'' Bray 1963
*** Subgenus ''[[Novyella]]'' Corradetti, Garnham & Laird 1963
*** Subgenus ''[[Nyssorhynchus]]'' Poinar 2005
*** Subgenus ''[[Ophidiella]]'' Garnham 1966
*** Subgenus ''[[Papernaia]]'' Landau ''et al'' 2010<ref name=Landau2010>{{cite journal |author=Landau I, Chavatte JM, Peters W, Chabaud A |title=The sub-genera of avian Plasmodium |journal=Parasite |volume=17 |issue=1 |pages=3–7 |date=March 2010 |pmid=20387732 |doi=10.1051/parasite/2010171003}}</ref>
*** Subgenus ''[[Paraplasmodium]]'' Telford 1988
*** Subgenus ''[[Plasmodium]]'' Bray 1963 emend. Garnham 1964
*** Subgenus ''[[Sauramoeba]]'' Garnham 1966
*** Subgenus ''[[Vinckeia]]'' Garnham 1964
** Genus ''[[Polychromophilus]]'' Landau ''et al'' 1984
** Genus ''[[Rayella]]'' Dasgupta 1967
** Genus ''[[Saurocytozoon]]'' Lainson and Shaw 1969
** Genus ''[[Vetufebrus]]'' Poinar 2011
 
==Referensi==
{{reflist}}
*{{cite web |title=''Haemosporida'' |work=NCBI Taxonomy Browser |url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=5819&lvl=1 |id=5819}}
 
{{Alveolata}}
 
[[Category:Apicomplexa]]
 
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