Shahrbaraz: Perbedaan revisi

72 bita dihapus ,  4 tahun yang lalu
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{{Infobox monarch
| name = Shahrbaraz<br>{{lang|pal|𐭧𐭱𐭨𐭥𐭥𐭥𐭰}}
| title = [[Shah Ērānshahr]]
| image = ShahrbarazCoinHistoryofIran.jpg
| caption =
| reign = 27 April 629 – 17 Juni 629
| native_lang1 =
| native_lang1_name1 =
| othertitles =
| birth_date =
| birth_place =
| death_date = 17 Juni 629
| death_place = [[Ctesiphon]]
| burial_date =
| burial_place =
| predecessor = [[Ardashir III]]
| successor = [[Borandukht]]
| consort = Mirhran
| offspring =
| royal house = [[Wangsa Mihran]]
| dynasty =
| father =
| mother =
| children = [[Niketas]]<br>[[Shapur-i Shahrvaraz]]
| religion = [[Zoroastrianisme]]
| signature =
}}
'''Shahrbaraz''', juga disebut '''Shahrvaraz''' ({{lang-fa|شهربراز}}, {{lang-pal|𐭧𐭱𐭨𐭥𐭥𐭥𐭰}} Šahrwarāz, meninggal 17 Juni 629), adalah raja [[Kekaisaran Sassania]] dari 27 April 629 hingga 17 Juni 629. Ia merebut tahta [[Ardashir III]], tetapi empat puluh hari kemudian dibunuh oleh bangsawan Sasania. Sebelum merebut tahta Sasania, ia merupakan seorang jenderal (''[[spahbed]]'') di bawah pemerintahan [[Khosrau II]] (590&ndash;628). Nama Shahrbaraz sebenarnya merupakan gelar kehormatan yang berarti "babi hutan kekaisaran", yang menegaskan ketangkasan komando militernya dan sifatnya yang suka berperang; babi hutan sendiri adalah hewan yang dikaitkan dengan [[Yazata|Izad]] [[Verethragna|Vahram]], yang merupakan lambang kemenangan dalam [[Zoroastrianisme]].
== Daftar pustaka ==
 
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* {{Citation|title=The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part II, 363-630 AD) |last1=Dodgeon |first1=Michael H. | last2=Greatrex|first2=Geoffrey|last3=Lieu|first3= Samuel N. C.|year=2002b |publisher=Routledge|isbn=0-415-00342-3 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=zoZIxpQ8A2IC|postscript=.}}
* {{cite book |last=Howard-Johnston |first=James |authorlink=James Howard-Johnston |title=East Rome, Sasanian Persia And the End of Antiquity: Historiographical And Historical Studies |year=2006 |publisher=Ashgate Publishing |isbn=0-86078-992-6 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=1U4rUaLdYnQC|ref=harv}}
* {{Citation | last = Kaegi| first =Walter Emil | authorlink=Walter Kaegi | title =Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium| publisher =Cambridge University Press| year =2003|isbn = 0-521-81459-6|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=tlNlFZ_7UhoC|postscript=.}}
* {{citation | last=Martindale | first=John R.| last2=Jones | first2=A. H. M.| last3=Morris | first3=John | title=The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire - Volume III, AD 527–641 | year=1992 | publisher=Cambridge University Press|url=http://books.google.gr/books?id=_OERKQEACAAJ| isbn=0-521-20160-8|postscript=.}}
* {{Citation |last=Norwich |first=John Julius |title=A Short History of Byzantium|publisher= Vintage Books |year=1997 |isbn=0-679-77269-3|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=ElLZK1EOjHsC|authorlink=John Julius Norwich|postscript=.}}
* {{cite book | last = Olster, David Michael| title = The politics of usurpation in the seventh century: rhetoric and revolution in Byzantium|year= 1993| publisher = A.M. Hakkert| isbn= }}
* {{Citation | last = Oman| first =Charles|authorlink= Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman| title =Europe, 476-918, Volume 1| publisher =Macmillan| year =1893|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=N6A-AAAAYAAJ|postscript=.}}
* {{cite book|last=Pourshariati|first=Parvaneh|title=Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran|location=London and New York|publisher=I.B. Tauris|year=2008|isbn=978-1-84511-645-3|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=I-xtAAAAMAAJ|ref=harv}}
* {{cite encyclopedia | last = Shapur Shahbazi | first = A. | title = SASANIAN DYNASTY | url = http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/sasanian-dynasty | year = 2005 | encyclopedia = Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition | accessdate = 4 January 2014|ref=harv}}
* {{citation|title=A History of the Byzantine State and Society|last=Treadgold |first=Warren T. |year=1997 |publisher=Stanford University Press|isbn=0-8047-2630-2|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=nYbnr5XVbzUC|postscript=.}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
 
* {{cite encyclopedia | last = Howard-Johnston | first = James | title = ḴOSROW II | url = http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/khosrow-ii | year = 2010 | encyclopedia = Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition | accessdate = 23 February 2013|postscript=.}}
 
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{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
| NAMEnAME = Shahrbaraz
| ALTERNATIVEaLTERNATIVE NAMES = Shahrvaraz
| SHORTsHORT DESCRIPTION = Shah Persia
| DATEdATE OF BIRTH =
| PLACEpLACE OF BIRTH =
| DATEdATE OF DEATH = 27 April 629 – 17 Juni 629
| PLACEpLACE OF DEATH = [[Ctesiphon]]
}}
 
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