Liga Utama Sepak Bola Amerika Serikat: Perbedaan revisi

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{{Infobox football league
| current_season = 20152016 MLS season
| current = [[Major League Soccer 20122016|Major League Soccer 20122016]]
| name = Major League Soccer
| logo = MLS logo.svg
| domest_cup = [[Piala Terbuka U.S Lamar Hunt]]<br />[[Kejuaraan Kanada]]
| confed_cup = [[Liga Champions CONCACAF]]
| champions = [[LosPortland Angeles GalaxyTimbers]]<br>(gelar ke-31)
| season = [[Major League Soccer 2015|2015]]
| most successful club = [[D.C.Los UnitedAngeles Galaxy]] (45 gelar)
<!--
| shieldchamps = [[SanNew JoseYork EarthquakesRed Bulls]] (2nd shield)
| shieldseason = [[20122015 Major League Soccer season|20122015]]
| most_shields = [[D.C. United]] &<br />[[Los Angeles Galaxy]] (4 shields) --->
| tv = [[ESPN]]<br>[[NBC Sports]]<br>[[Galavisión (USA)|Galavisión]]<br>[[The Sports Network|TSN]]<br>[[Réseau des sports|RDS]]
Major League Soccer didirikan pada tahun [[1993]] sebagai bagian dari tawaran Amerika Serikat untuk menjadi tuan rumah [[Piala Dunia FIFA 1994]].<ref>{{cite news |title=About Major League Soccer |publisher=MLSnet |date=September 5, 2008 |url=http://web.mlsnet.com/about/ |accessdate=4 Desember 2012 |archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20080625214719/http://web.mlsnet.com/about/ |archivedate = June 25, 2008}}</ref> Liga ini dioperasikan bukan sebagai asosiasi yang berdiri sendiri, MLS adalah satu kesatuan di mana setiap klub dimiliki dan dikendalikan oleh investor liga.<ref name=fraser>{{cite court |litigants=Fraser v. Major League Soccer |vol=01 |reporter=F.3d |opinion=1296 |court=US 1st Cir. |date=March 20, 2002 |url=http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-1st-circuit/1441684.html |quote= MLS owns all of the teams that play in the league (a total of 12 prior to the start of 2002), as well as all intellectual property rights, tickets, supplied equipment, and broadcast rights. … However, MLS has also relinquished some control over team operations to certain investors. MLS contracts with these investors to operate…the league's teams}}</ref>. MLS adalah sebuah liga tertutup sehingga menjadikannya sebagai salah satu dari beberapa liga di dunia sepak bola yang tidak menggunakan promosi dan degradasi.
 
Musim pertama dilaksanakan pada tahun [[1996]] dimulai dengan sepuluh tim. Setiap musim berjalan dari Bulan [[Maret]] hingga [[Desember]], dengan setiap tim bermain 34 pertandingan di musim reguler. Format kompetisi liga ini hampir mirip dengan sistem olahraga di Amerika pada umumnya, yaitu menggunakan sistem dua wilayah, yaitu wilayah timur ({{lang-en|Eastern Conference}}) dan wilayah barat ({{lang-en|Western Conference}}). Dari semua tim yang berlaga di MLS, [[D.C. United]] menjadi tim yang paling dominan di MLS. Tim asal kota [[WashingtonLos DCAngeles Galaxy]] tersebutadalah merupakantim pengumpul gelar terbanyak sepanjang sejarah di MLStersukses dengan empat4 kaligelar juaraPerisai dariSuporter limadan kali5 tampilgelar diPiala finalMLS.
 
== Sejarah ==
|[[Los Angeles Galaxy]]
|[[San Jose Earthquakes]]
|-
|[[2013]]
| '''[[Sporting Kansas City]]'''
|[[New York Red Bulls]]
|-
|[[2014]]
|[[Los Angeles Galaxy]]
|[[Seattle Sounders FC|Seattle Sounders]]
|-
|[[2015]]
|[[Portland Timbers]]
|[[New York Red Bulls]]
|}
Setelah musim pertama, MLS menderita penurunan jumlah kehadiran penonton di stadion. Kualitas liga dipertanyakan ketika tim nasional pria AS, yang sebagian besar terdiri dari pemain MLS, tersingkir di babak pertama [[Piala Dunia FIFA 1998]].
 
== Daftar klub peserta ==
Berikut ini adalah daftar klub yang berkompetisi pada musim 20122016<ref>{{cite news|url=[http://seattletimeswww.nwsourcemlssoccer.com/htmlschedule/soundersfcblog2016/2016813859_mls_announces_changes_to_2012.html |title=Sounders FC Blog &#124;announcement MLS announcesreleases changes2016 toregular 2012season schedule, playoff format &#124; Seattle Times Newspaper |publisher=Seattletimes.nwsource.com |date= November 20, 2011|accessdate=7 Desember 2012 |first=Joshua |last=Mayers}}</ref> :]
</ref> :
 
{| class="navbox wikitable" style="text-align:left"
| [[Stadion Toyota Park]]
| align=center | 1998
| {{flagicon|United StatesSerbia}} [[Frank Yallop|FrankVeljko KlopasPaunović]]
|-
| '''[[Columbus Crew]]'''
| [[Stadion Columbus Crew]]
| align=center | 1996
| {{flagicon|PolandUnited States}} [[RobertGregg WarzychaBerhalter]]
|-
| '''[[D.C. United]]'''
| align=center | 1996
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[Ben Olsen]]
|-
| '''[[Houston Dynamo]]'''
| [[Houston]], [[Texas|TX]]
| [[Stadion BBVA Compass]]
| align=center | 2006
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[Dominic Kinnear]]
|-
| '''[[Montreal Impact]]'''
| [[Montreal]], [[Quebec|QC]]
| [[Stadion Saputo]]
| align="center" | 2012
| {{Flagicon|Canada}} [[Mauro Biello]]
| Kosong
|-
| '''[[New England Revolution]]'''
|[[Stadion Yankee|Yankee Stadium]]
|2015
|{{flagicon|United StatesFrance}} [[JasonPatrick KreisVieira]]
|-
|'''[[New York Red Bulls]]'''
| [[Red Bull Arena (New Jersey)|Red Bull Arena]]
| align=center | 1996
| {{flagiconFlagicon|United States}} [[DominicJesse KinnearMarsch]]
| Kosong
|-
|[[Orlando City SC|'''Orlando City SC''']]
|[[Orlando, Florida|Orlando]], [[Florida|FL]]
|[[Orlando Citrus Bowl]]
|2015
|{{Flagicon|England}} [[Adrian Heath]]
|-
|'''[[Philadelphia Union]]'''
| [[Chester, Pennsylvania|Chester]], [[Pennsylvania|PA]]
| [[PPL Park]]
| align="center" | 2010
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[JohnJim HackworthCurtin]]
|-
| '''[[Sporting Kansas City]]'''
| [[Kansas City, Kansas|Kansas City]], [[Kansas|KS]]
| [[Sporting Park]]
| align=center | 1996
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[Peter Vermes]]
|-
| '''[[Toronto FC]]'''
| [[BMO Field]]
| align=center | 2007
| {{flagicon|EnglandUnited States}} [[PaulGreg MarinerVanney]]
|-
! style="background:orange;" colspan="6"| [[MLS wilayah barat|<span style="color:white;">Wilayah barat</span>]]
|-
| '''[[C.D. Chivas USA]]'''
| [[Carson, California|Carson]], [[California|CA]]
| [[StubHub Center]]
| align=center | 2005
| Kosong
|-
| '''[[Colorado Rapids]]'''
| [[Commerce City, Colorado|Commerce City]], [[Colorado|CO]]
| [[Dick's Sporting Goods Park]]
| align="center" | 1996
| {{flagicon|ColombiaUnited States}} [[ÓscarPablo ParejaMastroeni]]
|-
| '''[[FC Dallas]]'''
| [[Frisco, Texas|Frisco]], [[Texas|TX]]
| [[Stadion FC Dallas]]
| align="center" | 1996
| {{flagicon|United StatesColombia}} [[SchellasÓscar HyndmanPareja]]
|-
| '''[[Houston Dynamo]]'''
| [[Houston, Texas|Houston]], [[Texas|TX]]
| [[Stadion BBVA Compass]]
|2006
|{{Flagicon|Ireland}} [[Owen Coyle]]
|-
| '''[[Los Angeles Galaxy]]'''
| [[Stadion Rio Tinto]]
| align=center | 2005
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[JasonJeff KreisCassar]]
|-
| '''[[San Jose Earthquakes]]'''
| [[Stadion Buck Shaw]] <sup>2</sup>
| align=center | 1996
| {{flagicon|CanadaUnited States}} [[FrankDominic YallopKinnear]]
|-
| '''[[Seattle Sounders FC]]'''
| align=center | 2009
| {{flagicon|United States}} [[Sigi Schmid]]
|-
| '''[[Sporting ParkKansas City]]'''
| [[Kota Kansas City, Kansas|Kansas City]], [[Kansas|KS]]
|[[Sporting Park|Children's Mercy Park]]
|1996
| {{flagiconFlagicon|United States}} [[Peter Vermes]]
|-
| '''[[Vancouver Whitecaps FC]]'''
| [[Vancouver]], [[British Columbia|BC]]
| [[BC Place]]<sup>1</sup>
| align="center" | 2011
| {{flagicon|ScotlandWales}} [[MartinCarl RennieRobinson]]
|}
; Notes
|-
! style="background:gray;" colspan="6"| <span style="color:white;">Klub yang sudah bubar</span>
|-
| '''[[C.D. Chivas USA]]'''
| [[Carson, California|Carson]], [[California|CA]]
| [[StubHub Center]]
|2005 – 2014
|-
| '''[[Miami Fusion F.C.|Miami Fusion]]'''
 
== Penghargaan MLS ==
Ada 1014 penghargaan tahunan yang diberikan oleh Major League Soccer setiap tahunnya, yaitu:
* Major League Soccer MVP Award
* MLS Best XI
* MLS Coach of the Year Award
* MLS Comeback Player of the Year Award
* MLS Scudetto
* MLS Defender of the Year Award
* MLS Fair Play Award (individual)
* MLS Fair Play Award (team)
* MLS Goal of the Year Award
* MLS Goalkeeper of the Year Award
* MLS Golden Boot
* MajorLandon League SoccerDonovan MVP Award
* MLS Newcomer of the Year Award
* MLS Referee of the Year Award
* MLS Rookie of the Year Award
* MLS Save of the Year Award
 
== Referensi ==
Pengguna anonim