Ganj Dareh

Koordinat: 34°27′N 48°07′E / 34.450°N 48.117°E / 34.450; 48.117

Tepe Ganj Dareh (bahasa Persia: تپه گنج دره; "Bukit Lembah Khazanah",[1] merupakan sebuah permukiman Neolitik di bagian Kurdistan sebelah Iran. Letaknya di timur Kermanshah, di pertengahan wilayah Zagros.[1]

Peta menunjukkan lokasi Ganj Dareh dan lokasi pengembalaan pertama lainnya.
Jejak perkampungan awal Ganj Darreh berdekatan Kermanshah

Pertama kali ditemukan pada tahun 1965, ia digali oleh para peneliti purba Kanada bernama Philip Smith pada 1960-an dan 1970-an.[1][2]

Peninggalan permukiman terlama berusia sekitar 10,000 tahun,[3] serta membuahkan bukti domestikasi kambing terlama di dunia.[4][5][6]

Peninggalan tersebut diklasifikasikan dalam lima tahap pendudukan, yaitu dari A di atas hingga E.[7]

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ a b c Smith, Philip E.L. Architectural Innovation and Experimentation at Ganj Dareh, Iran, World Archaeology, Vol. 21, No. 3 (February, 1990), pp. 323-335
  2. ^ Smith, Philip E.L., Ganj Dareh Tepe, Paleorient, Vol. 2, Issue 2-1, pp.207-09 (1974)
  3. ^ Zeder, Melinda A. & Hesse, Brian. The Initial Domestication of Goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros Mountains 10,000 Years Ago, Science (journal) 287, 2254 (2000)
  4. ^ What's Bred in the Bone, Discover, Julai 2000 ("After investigating bone collections from ancient sites across the Middle East, she found a dearth of adult male goat bones—and an abundance of female and young male remains—from a 10,000-year-old settlement called Ganj Dareh, in Iran's Zagros Mountains. This provides the earliest evidence of domesticated livestock, Zeder says.")
  5. ^ Harris, David R. (ed.) The origins and spread of agriculture and pastoralism in Eurasia, ms. 208, 249-52 (UCL Press 1996) (Reprint ISBN 978-1-85728-538-3)
  6. ^ Natural History Highlight: Old Goats In Transition, National Museum of Natural History (Julai 2000)
  7. ^ Yelon, A., et al. Thermal Analysis of Early Neolithic Pottery From Tepe Ganj Dareh, Iran, in Materials issues in art and archaeology III (1992)

BibliografiSunting

  • Agelarakis A., The Palaeopathological Evidence, Indicators of Stress of the Shanidar Proto-Neolithic and the Ganj-Dareh Tepe Early Neolithic Human Skeletal Collections. Columbia University, 1989, Doctoral Dissertation, UMI, Bell & Howell Information Company, Michigan 48106.
  • Robert J. Wenke: "Patterns in Prehistory: Humankind's first three million years" (1990)

Pranala luarSunting