The economy of Eritrea has experienced considerable growth in recent years, indicated by an improvement in gross domestic product (GDP) in October 2012 of 7.5 percent over 2011.[5] However, worker remittances from abroad are estimated to account for 32 percent of gross domestic product.[6] Eritrea has an extensive amount of resources such as copper, gold, granite, marble, and potash. The Eritrean economy has undergone extreme changes due to the War of Independence.

Ekonomi Eritrea
Eritrea-1Nakfa.jpg
Eritrean nakfa
Mata uangEritrean nakfa (ERN)
Tahun fiskalCalendar year
Organisasi perdaganganCOMESA, AfDB
Statistik
PDBNominal: $6.05 billion (2017 est.)[1]
PPP: $9.631 billion billion (2017 est.)[2]
Pertumbuhan PDB3.3% (2017 est.)[3]
PDB per kapita$1,400 (nominal) (2017 est.)[2]
$710 (PPP) (2014 est.)[1]
(174th, nominal; 183rd, PPP)
PDB per sektoragriculture (11.7%), industry (29.6%), services (58.7%) (2017 est.)
Inflasi (IHK)17% (2012 est.)
Penduduk
di bawah garis kemiskinan
50% (2004 est.)
Angkatan kerja2.71 million (2017 est.)
Angkatan kerja
berdasarkan sektor
agriculture (80%), services and industry (20%)
Industri utamabeverages, cement, clothing and textiles, food processing, light manufacturing, salt
Peringkat kemudahan melakukan bisnis189th (2017)[4]
Eksternal
Ekspor$635.7 million (2017 est.)
Komoditas eksporfood, livestock, small manufactures, sorghum, textiles
Tujuan ekspor utama China 8.5%
 Egypt 4.8%
 Italy 30.5%
 Saudi Arabia 8.8%
 Sudan 24%
 UK 5.7% (2008 est.)
Impor$1.127 billion (2017 est.)
Komoditas impormachinery, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
Negara asal impor utama Brazil 5.9%
 China 11.1%
 Egypt 11.9%
 India 8.9%
 Russia 7.2%
 Saudi Arabia 15.7%
 South Africa 6.5%
 South Korea 4.3% (2008 est.)
 Turkey 1.7% (2014 est.)
Utang kotor luar negeri$1.026 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
Pembiayaan publik
Utang publik118% of GDP (2012 est.)
Pendapatan$838.8 million (2012 est.)
Beban$1.19 billion (2012 est.)
Cadangan mata uang asing$171.2 million (2012 est.)
Sumber data utama: CIA World Fact Book

In 2011, Eritrea's GDP grew by 8.7 percent making it one of the fastest growing economies in the world.[7] The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) expects it to maintain a high growth rate of 8.5 percent in 2013.[8]

  1. ^ a b "Eritrea". International Monetary Fund. Diakses tanggal 1 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Eritrea". International Monetary Fund. Diakses tanggal 1 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2012". International Monetary Fund. Diakses tanggal October 20, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Ease of Doing Business in Eritrea". Doingbusiness.org. Diakses tanggal 2017-01-23. 
  5. ^ [1], International Monetary Fund. Retrieved October 2012.
  6. ^ Eritrea country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (September 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-01-29. Diakses tanggal 2012-12-04. 
  8. ^ EIU Digital Solutions. "Eritrea". Diakses tanggal 11 June 2015.