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Daftar operasi militer Perang Dunia II

Ini adalah daftar perang, operasi militer, dan misi umumnya terkait dengan Perang Dunia II. Ini bukan daftar lengkap tetapi sebagian besar operasi yang melibatkan negara netral. Operasi dikategorikan menurut bentuk operasi, dan usaha telah dibuat untuk mencakup semua aspek dari peristiwa penting. Operasi tercantum berdasarkan abjad.

Bendera yang digunakan berdasarkan periode waktu.

Daftar isi

AfrikaSunting

Samudra AtlantikSunting

Termasuk Laut utara, Samudra Artatika dan tindakan melawan kapal-kapal angkatan laut di pelabuhan.

Blok TimurSunting

Laut TengahSunting

Samudra Pasifik dan Pasifik BaratdayaSunting

ChinaSunting

Baratdaya, Selatan, dan Tenggara AsiaSunting

Iraq, Syria, Iran, India, Burma, Malaysia dan Indochina, dan Samudra Hindia

SkandinaviaSunting

AxisSunting

SekutuSunting

Lain-lainSunting

Blok BaratSunting

TeknologiSunting

AxisSunting

  • Caesar (1945)   — transfer of technical plans and strategic materials to Japan, using U-864
  • Beethoven (1941–1945)   — German programme to develop composite aircraft (Mistel)
  • Prüfstand XII ("Test stand") (194?)   — German programme to develop submarine launched V-2

SekutuSunting

  • Alsos ("Grove") (1940–1945)     — Allied efforts to gather data on German nuclear fission developments.
  • Aphrodite (1944)   The use of B-17 bombers as radio-controlled missiles.
  • Backfire (1945)   — launches of captured V-2 rockets.
  • Hawkeye (1944)  Radar research by US Navy.
  • Lusty (1945)   — US actions to capture German scientific documents, facilities and aircraft.
  • Manhattan Project (1941–1945)   — program to build an atomic bomb.
  • Most III ("Bridge III") (1944)     — transfer of captured V-2 components from occupied Poland to Britain. Also known as Wildhorn III.
  • Paperclip (1945–)   — capture of scientists, technical and German rocketry. Originally Operation Overcast sometimes called Project Paperclip.
  • Surgeon (1945–)   — Similar to Paperclip; program to exploit German aeronautical scienctific advances.
  • Stella Polaris (1944–)     transfer of Finnish SIGINT, equipment, and personnel to Sweden following end of Continuation war in 1944.
  • TICOM ("Target Intelligence Committee") (1945–)   — seizure of intelligence apparatus, in particular cryptographic assets. See also Stella Polaris.

Operasi Khusus ExekutifSunting

Operasi PartisanSunting

Includes some operations by regular forces in support of partisans.

Operasi Anti-partisanSunting

IntelijenSunting

AxisSunting

  • Bernhard (194?)  — German plan to damage British economy using forged British banknotes.
  • Elster ("Magpie") (1944)   — landings of German agents on the US east coast with objective of gathering intelligence on Manhattan Project
  • Haudegen ("Broadsword") (1944)   — German intelligence collection in Spitsbergen Norway
  • Hummer ("Lobster") series (1940 onwards)   — insertion of German agents into Britain. See also Hummer I
  • Kadella (1945)   — airdrop of agents near Marseilles
  • Plan Kathleen (1941)   — plan sent by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to Germany seeking support for activities. Dubbed "Artus" by German Foreign Ministry. See IRA Abwehr World War II for all IRA Abwehr involvement.
  • Karneval (1945)   — airdrop of agents near Brussels and Waals
  • Mosul (1944)   — air drop of agents and supplies near Mosul
  • Pastorious (1942)   — separate landings of German agents on the US east coast with objective of industrial sabotage.
  • Perlen-fischer (1945)   — airdrop of agents near Paris
  • Salaam (1942)   — insertion of German agents into the British-occupied Kingdom of Egypt
  • Seemöwe ("Seagull") series (1940 onwards)   — insertion of German agents into Britain and Ireland. See also Seagull I and Seagull II.
  • Taube ("Dove/Pigeon") (1940)   — mission to transport IRA Chief of Staff Seán Russell from Germany back to Ireland.
  • Wal ("Whale") (1940)   — aborted German plan to foster links with Scottish and Welsh nationalist groups.
  • Walfisch ("Whale") (1940)   — aborted German plan to land an agent in Ireland.

SekutuSunting

Tak berkategoriSunting

  • Alpenfestung   — plan for nazi national Redoubt in Alps.
    • Werwolf (1945-50)   — guerrilla force to resist occupation by Allies.
  • Big Bang (1947)   — demolition of defences of Heligoland
  • Catapult (1940)   — Royal Navy actions to seize, disable or destroy the French fleet after France's surrender.
  • Crossword (1945)         — negotiations leading to German surrender in Italy. Known as Sunrise by US forces.
  • Eiche ("Oak") (1943)   — German rescue from custody of Benito Mussolini
  • Frantic (1943) — The use of Soviet airfields by western Allied bombers.
  • Feuerzauber ("Fire Magic") (1936-39) — Transfer of planes, engineers, and pilots to fascist forces during Spanish Civil War.
    • Rügen (1937)   — Bombing of Guernica.
    • Bodden (1937-43)  Abwehr intelligence gathering system operating from Spain and Morocco.
    • Ursula (1936-1939)  Kriegsmarine Uboat operations in support of Francoist and Italian navies.
  • Gaff (1944) — attempt to kill Erwin Rommel
  • Keelhaul (1945)     — forced repatriation to the Soviet Union, by the western Allies, of Soviet prisoners of war
  • Magic Carpet (1945–1946)   — American post-war operation to transport US military personnel home
  • Manna (1945) — Allied air drops of food to famine-ravaged Netherlands, with German cooperation
  • Margarethe (1944)   — German occupation of Hungary. Döme Sztójay, an avid supporter of the Nazis, become the new Hungarian Prime Minister with the aid of a Nazi military governor.
  • Panzerfaust/Eisenfaust ("Bazooka/Armored Fist") (1943)   — Kidnap of Hungarian leader Miklós Horthy's son to prevent defection of Hungary from Axis.
  • Peking (1939)   — removal of Polish warships to Britain, in advance of German invasion
  • Pied Piper (1939)   — evacuation of children from British cities.
  • Rabat (1943)   — Plan to kidnap the Pope and diplomatic corp. from Vatican City.
  • Regenbogen ("Rainbow") (1945)   — rescinded order to scuttle Kriegsmarine.
  • Rösselsprung ("Knights Move") (1944)   — Jerman mencoba menangkap Josip Broz Tito
  • Safehaven (1944) — Upaya sekutu untuk menangkap pasukan Nazi Jerman yang melarikan diri dan merebut sumber-sumber di luar negeri.
  • Tabarin (1943)   — Ekspedisi Antartika Inggris.
  • Worek ("Sack") (1939)   — Angkatan Laut Polandia: pertahanan pantai Polandia
  • Rainbow War Plans (1920s-30s)   — Perencanaan global Perang AS antara Perang Dunia.

PropagandaSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ pp.138-139, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 [1]

Pranala luarSunting