Daftar hari kemerdekaan nasional

"Hari kemerdekaan" beralih ke halaman ini. Untuk kegunaan lain, lihat Hari kemerdekaan (disambiguasi).
  Hari nasional yang berhubungan dengan kemerdekaan (Hari kemerdekaan nasional)
  Hari Nasional lainnya
  Tidak ada Hari Nasional yang resmi

Hari kemerdekaan nasional merupakan sebuah peristiwa tahunan yang dirayakan guna memperingati kemerdekaan suatu bangsa menjadi sebuah negara berdaulat, biasanya setelah pecah dari suatu bangsa atau negara; atau juga selesainya pendudukan militer. Sebagian besar negara-negara menjadikan hari kemerdekaan mereka sebagai hari raya nasional, dan dalam beberapa kasus terdapat pula kontroversi atau keberatan mengenai penetapan tanggal tersebut.

DaftarSunting

Berikut adalah sebagian besar daftar hari kemerdekaan negara-negara diseluruh dunia:

Negara Tanggal libur Tahun dirayakan Pesta dirayakan Nama libur
  Afghanistan 19 Agustus 1919 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1919. Afghan Independence Day
  Albania 28 November 1912 Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signaled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule. Independence Day/Dita e Pavarësisë
  Algeria 5 Juli 1962 Independence from France in 1962. Independence Day (Algeria)
  Angola 11 November 1975 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
  Anguilla 30 Mei 1967 Independence from St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla in 1967. Anguilla Day
  Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
  Argentina 9 Juli 1816 Independence declared from the Spanish Empire in 1816. Independence Day
  Armenia 28 Mei 1918 Declaration of independence from Russian Empire in 1918.
21 September 1991 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. National Day
  Austria 26 Oktober 1955 Restoration of sovereignty and signing of the Declaration of Neutrality in 1955. National Day
  Azerbaijan 28 Mei 1918 Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918 and declaration of the Republic. Republic Day
18 Oktober 1991 Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991. Day of the State Independence of Azerbaijan
  Bahamas 10 Juli 1973 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
  Bahrain 16 Desember 1971 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. Bahrain Independence Day
  Bangladesh 26 Maret 1971 Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine-month war ending on December 16, 1971. Independence Day of Bangladesh
  Barbados 30 November 1966 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
  Belarus 3 Juli 1944 The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Independence Day of Belarus
  Belgium 21 Juli 1831 Independence from the United Netherlands (Belgian revolution) on October 4, 1830. Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld took the oath as first King of the Belgians on July 21, 1831. Belgian National Day
  Belize 21 September 1981 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. September Celebrations
  Benin 1 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Bolivia 6 Agustus 1825 Independence from Spain in 1825.
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Maret 1992 Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992. Independence Day (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  Botswana 30 September 1966 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966. Independence Day (Botswana)
  Brazil 7 September 1822 Independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves on September 7, 1822. Recognized on August 29, 1825. Independence Day (Brazil)
  Brunei 1 Januari 1984 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1984. National Day celebrations are held on February 23.
  Bulgaria 22 September 1908 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1908.
  Burkina Faso 5 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Myanmar 4 Januari 1948 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. Independence Day (Myanmar)
  Burundi 1 Juli 1962 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
  Cambodia 9 November 1953 Independence from France in 1953.
  Cameroon 1 Januari 1960 Independence from France and United Kingdom in 1960.
  Canada 1 Juli 1867 Granted nominal independence from United Kingdom in 1867. However, as the current province of Newfoundland and Labrador was a former British dominion, it celebrates Discovery Day on June 24 and mourns on July 1 for their World War I war dead. See Memorial Day (Newfoundland and Labrador). Canada Day (Prior to 1982 known as Dominion Day)
  Cape Verde 5 Juli 1975 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
  Central African Republic 13 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Chad 11 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Chile 12 Februari dan 18 September 1810 Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1810. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as such until April 25, 1844. Fiestas Patrias
  Colombia 20 Juli dan 7 Agustus 1810 and 1819 Independence from Spain in 1810.
  Comoros 6 Juli 1975 Independence from France in 1975.
  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 30 Juni 1960 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
  Congo, Republic of the 15 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Costa Rica 15 September 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
  Croatia 8 Oktober 1991 Independence from SFR Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence Day (Croatia)
  Cuba 20 Mei 1902 Independence from Spain in 1902.
  Cyprus 1 Oktober 1960 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1. Independence Day (Cyprus)
  Czech Republic 28 Oktober 1918 As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918.
1 Januari 1993 As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993.
  Djibouti 27 Juni 1977 Independence from France in 1977.
  Dominica 3 November 1978 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
  Dominican Republic 27 Februari 1844 Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
  East Timor 20 Mei 2002 Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
  Ecuador 10 Agustus 1809 Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
24 Mei 1822 Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
  El Salvador 15 September 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
  Equatorial Guinea 12 Oktober 1968 Independence from Spain in 1968.
  Eritrea 24 Mei 1993 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993. Independence Day (Eritrea)
  Estonia 24 Februari 1918 Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. Independence Day (Estonia)
20 Agustus 1991 Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  Fiji 10 Oktober 1970 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970. Fiji Day
  Finland 6 Desember 1917 Independence from Russia in 1917. Recognized on January 4, 1918. Independence Day (Finland)
  Gabon 17 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Gambia, The 18 Februari 1965 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
  Georgia 26 Mei 1918 Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918. Independence Day
9 April 1991 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Day of National Unity
  Ghana 6 Maret 1957 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
  Greece 25 Maret 1821 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
  Grenada 7 Februari 1974 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Independence Day (Grenada)
  Guatemala 15 September 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
  Guinea 2 Oktober 1958 Independence from France in 1958.
  Guinea-Bissau 24 September 1973 Declaration of independence from Portugal in 1973.
  Guyana 26 Mei 1966 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
  Haiti 1 Januari 1804 Declaration of independence from France in 1804.
  Honduras 15 September 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
  Hungary 20 Agustus 1000 Foundation of Christian Hungary and Hungary's first Christian King St. Stephen's Day. National Day
  Iceland 17 Juni 1944 Foundation of republic in 1944.
  India 15 Agustus 1947 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947. Independence Day (India)
  Indonesia 17 Agustus 1945 Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands on August 17, 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949. The Dutch government formally acknowledged August 17, 1945 as the only true date of Indonesian Independence in 2008.[1] Independence Anniversary Day of Indonesia (Hari Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan Indonesia)
  Iraq 3 Oktober 1932 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932.
  Israel 5 Iyar
(tepat atau antara 15 April dan 15 Mei, depending on the Hebrew calendar).
5708 (1948) Independence from the British Mandate for Palestine, which took place on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar. Yom Ha'atzmaut
  Ivory Coast 7 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Jamaica 6 Agustus 1962 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
  Jordan 25 Mei 1946 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
  Kazakhstan 16 Desember 1991 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  Kenya 12 Desember 1963 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963. Jamhuri Day
  Kiribati 12 Juli 1979 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979.
  Korea, North 15 Agustus 1945 Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950-1953. Chogukhaebangŭi nal
  Korea, South 15 Agustus 1945 Independence from the Empire of Japan in 1945. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950-1953. Gwangbokjeol
  Kosovo 17 Februari 2008 Independence from Serbia in 2008. (Only partially recognized)
  Kuwait 25 Februari 1961 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
  Kyrgyzstan 31 Agustus 1991 Independence from USSR in 1991.
  Laos 22 Oktober 1953 Independence from France on October 22, 1953.
  Latvia 18 November 1918 Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to the WWI, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918 Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia
4 Mei 1990 Restoration of independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990.
  Lebanon 22 November 1943 Independence from France in 1943. Lebanese Independence Day
  Lesotho 4 Oktober 1966 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
  Liberia 26 Juli 1847 Independence from the American Colonization Society in 1847.
  Libya 24 Desember 1951 Independence from Italy on 10 February 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.
  Lithuania 16 Februari 1918 Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February 1918.
11 Maret 1990 Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March 1990.
  Macedonia, Republic of 8 September 1991 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста
  Madagascar 26 Juni 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Malawi 6 Juli 1964 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
  Malaysia 31 Agustus 1957 Independence of the Federation of Malaya from the United Kingdom in 1957. Hari Merdeka
  Maldives 26 Juli 1965 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
  Mali 22 September 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Malta 21 September 1964 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964. Independence Day
  Mauritania 28 November 1960 Independence from the France in 1960.
  Mauritius 12 Maret 1968 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
  Mexico 15–16 September 1810 Independence from Spain declared in 1810. ("grito" ceremony at night of Sep 15; military parade at midday of Sep 16). Recognized on September 27, 1821. Grito de Dolores
  Moldova 27 Agustus 1991 Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day
  Mongolia 29 Desember[2] 1911 Independence from the Qing Dynasty in 1911.[3][4] However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921.[5]
  Montenegro 21 Mei 2006 Referendum on independence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006.
  Morocco 18 November 1955 Independence from France and Spain in 1956. Independence Day
  Mozambique 25 Juni 1975 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
  Namibia 21 Maret 1990 Independence from South African mandated in 1990.
  Nauru 31 Januari 1968 Independence from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom in 1968.
  Nicaragua 15 September 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
  Niger 3 Agustus 1960 Independence from France in 1960. Independence Day (Niger)
  Nigeria 1 Oktober 1960 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960.
  Northern Cyprus 15 November 1983 Declaration of independence from the Republic of Cyprus in 1983. (Partially recognized)
  Norway 17 Mei 1814 Independence from Denmark (1814) and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814). National day/Constitution Day
7 Juni 1905 Finally independence from the Sweden in 1905. The Norwegian Royal Family's return from exile during WWII in 1945. Independence Day/Union Dissolution Day
  Pakistan 14 Agustus 1947 Independence from the United Kingdom on 27 Ramadan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947. Youm-e-Azadi
  Panama 28 November 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821.
3 November 1903 Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.
  Papua New Guinea 16 September 1975 Independence from Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea in 1975.
  Paraguay 15 Mei 1811 Independence from Spain in 1811.[6] Día de Independencia
  Peru 28 Juli 1821 Independence from Spain in 1821. Fiestas Patrias
  Philippines 12 Juni 1898 Commemorates 1898 declaration by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964.[9] Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan
  Poland 11 November 1918 Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Święto Niepodległości (Independence Day)
  Portugal 1 Desember 1640 1640 restoration of Portuguese independence from Iberian Union with Spain.[10] Restoration of Independence Day
  Qatar 18 Desember 1971 Original independence from the United Kingdom on 7 September. Qatar National Day
  Republic of Ireland 24 April 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  Rhodesia 11 November 1965 Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965. Independence Day
  Romania 10 Mei 1877 Romania's first celebration of its independence, on prince Carol's coronation day, 1877, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877-1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning.
  Russia 12 Juni 1992 It commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) on June 12, 1990. The passage of this Declaration by the First Congress of People's Deputies marked the beginning of constitutional reform in the Russian Soviet state. Russia Day
  Rwanda 1 Juli 1962 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
  Saint Lucia 22 Februari 1979 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979. Independence Day
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 Oktober 1979 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979.
  Samoa 1 Januari 1962 Independence from New Zealand in 1962.
  São Tomé and Príncipe 12 Juli 1975 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
  Senegal 4 April 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Serbia 15 Februari 1804 The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835. Statehood Day
  Seychelles 29 Juni 1976 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
  Sierra Leone 27 April 1961 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
  Singapore 9 Agustus 1965 Marks city-state's secession/expulsion from the Malaysian Federation in 1965. National Day (Singapore)
  Slovakia 17 Juli 1992 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
  Slovenia 26 Desember dan 25 Juni 1990 Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence and Unity Day
  Solomon Islands 7 Juli 1978 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
  Somalia 1 Juli 1960 Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually. Independence Day (Somalia)
  South Africa 11 Desember 1931 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1997, which is celebrated annually as Freedom Day.
  South Sudan 9 Juli 2011 Independence from Sudan in 2011.
  Sri Lanka 4 Februari 1948 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. Independence Day (Sri Lanka)
  Sudan 1 Januari 1956 Independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956.
  Suriname 25 November 1975 Independence from the Netherlands in 1975.
  Swaziland 6 September 1968 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
  Sweden 6 Juni 1523 Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence. National Day of Sweden
  Switzerland 1 Agustus 1291 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291. Swiss National Day
  Syria 17 April 1946 End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946. Evacuation Day
  Tajikistan 9 September 1991 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  Tanzania 9 Desember 1961 Independence of Tanganyika from the United Kingdom in 1961.
  Togo 27 April 1960 Independence from France in 1960.
  Tibet 13 Februari 1913 Independence from Manchu's Qing Dynasty in 1913. Later invaded in October 1950 by China and currently administered by China. Tibetan Independence Day
  Tonga 4 Juni 1970 Termination of protectorate status under the United Kingdom in 1970.
  Trinidad and Tobago 31 Agustus 1962 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
  Tunisia 20 Maret 1956 Independence from France in 1956.
  Turkey 29 Oktober 1923 Foundation of the Republic of Turkey. Republic Day (Turkey)
  Turkmenistan 27 Oktober 1991 Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.[11] Independence Day (Turkmenistan)
  Tuvalu 1 Oktober 1978 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
  Uganda 9 Oktober 1962 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
  Ukraine 24 Agustus 1991 Declaration of Independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day of Ukraine
22 Januari 1919 Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.[12] Day of Unity of Ukraine
  United Arab Emirates 2 Desember 1971 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. National Day
  United States 4 Juli 1776 Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain (now the United Kingdom) in 1776. Independence Day or Fourth of July
  Uruguay 25 Agustus 1825 Declaration of independence from the Empire of Brazil and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata. Declaratoria de la Independencia
  Uzbekistan 1 September 1991 Independence from USSR in 1991. Independence Day (Uzbekistan)
  Vanuatu 30 Juli 1980 Independence from the United Kingdom and France in 1980.
  Venezuela 5 Juli 1811 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
  Vietnam 2 September 1945 Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945. Independence Day (Vietnam)
  Western Sahara 27 Februari 1976 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1976. But was invaded by Morocco since then.
  Yemen 30 November 1967 South Yemen Declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1967.
  Zambia 24 Oktober 1964 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
  Zimbabwe 18 April 1980 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1980.

Lihat jugaSunting

ReferensiSunting

Umum
Spesiifik
  1. ^ "detikNews - Berita hari ini di Indonesia dan Internasional". 
  2. ^ Xiaoyuan Liu – Reins of Liberation, p.6
  3. ^ Stephen Kotkin, Bruce A. Elleman – Mongolia in the twentieth century: landlocked cosmopolitan, p.74
  4. ^ David Sneath – The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia, p.36
  5. ^ Duke University. School of Law – Unification of law, 1965, Volume 30, p.282
  6. ^ "Paraguay Independence Day". 
  7. ^ Diosdado Macapagal, Proclamation No. 28 Declaring June 12 as Philippine Independence Day, Philippine History Group of Los Angeles, diakses tanggal November 11, 2009 
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 4166". August 4, 1964. Diakses tanggal August 5, 2009. 
  9. ^ In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal signed a proclamation which declared Tuesday, June 12, 1962 as a special public holiday in commemoration of the declaration of independence from Spain on that date in 1898. That proclamation did not move the date of the Independence Day holiday in the Philippines.[7] The date of the holiday was moved in 1964, with the signing of Republic Act No. 4166.[8]
  10. ^ The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) occurred in June 24, 1128 (Battle of São Mamede) and was recognized on October 5, 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.
  11. ^ Edgar, Adrienne Lynn (2004). Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-691-11775-6. On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union. 
  12. ^ "Holidays". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Diakses tanggal 2008-08-24.