Barang konsumen palsu

Barang konsumen palsu adalah barang, biasanya berkualitas rendah, yang dibuat atau dijual dengan nama merek lainnya tanpa ijin pemilik merek. Para penjual barang-barang semacam itu melanggar markah dagang, paten atau hak cipta pemilik merek dengan menyematkan barang-barang tersebut sebagai barang yang dibuat oleh pemilik merek.[1]:3 Produk-produk palsu meliputi 5 sampai 7% perdagangan dunia pada 2013.[2][3]


  1. ^ Chaudhry, Peggy E., Zimmerman, Alan. The Economics of Counterfeit Trade: Governments, Consumers, Pirates and Intellectual Property Rights, Springer Science & Business Media (2009)
  2. ^ "Challenging the Counterfeit Connector Conundrum", Connector Supplier, November 4, 2013
  3. ^ "The spread of counterfeiting: Knock-offs catch on" Economist magazine, March 4, 2010

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Sara R. Ellis, Copyrighting Couture: An Examination of Fashion Design Protection and Why the DPPA and IDPPPA are a Step Towards the Solution to Counterfeit Chic, 78 Tenn. L. Rev. 163 (2010), available at
  • Phillips, Tim. Knockoff: The Deadly Trade in Counterfeit Goods Kogan Page, U.K. (2006)
  • Wilson, Bee. Swindled: The Dark History of Food Fraud, from Poisoned Candy to Counterfeit Coffee, Princeton University Press (2008)
  • Ellis, D.I., Brewster, V.L., Dunn, W.B., Allwood, J.W., Golovanov, A. and Goodacre, R. (2012) Fingerprinting food: current technologies for the detection of food adulteration and contamination. Chemical Society Reviews, 41, 5706–5727. doi:10.1039/c2cs35138b
  • Ellis, D.I., Muhamadali, H., Haughey, S.A., Elliott, C.T. and Goodacre, R. (2015) Point-and-shoot: rapid quantitative detection methods for on-site food fraud analysis – moving out of the laboratory and into the food supply chain. Analytical Methods. 7, 9401–9414. doi:10.1039/C5AY02048D
  • Ellis, D.I.; Eccles, R.; Xu, Y.; Griffen, J.; Muhamadali, H.; Matousek, P.; Goodall, I.; Goodacre, R. (2017). "Through-container, extremely low concentration detection of multiple chemical markers of counterfeit alcohol using a handheld SORS device". Scientific Reports. 7 (1): 12082. Bibcode:2017NatSR...712082E. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-12263-0. PMC 5608898 . PMID 28935907. 
  • Share and share alike: the challenges from social media for intellectual property rights. UK Government: Intellectual Property Office. 2017. 99. 1–150. ISBN 978-1-910790-30-4.
  • Stroppa, A., & Stefano, D. D. (2016). Social media and luxury goods counterfeit: a growing concern for government, industry and consumers worldwide (pp. 1–50, Rep.) (B. Parrella, Ed.). Washington, D.C.: The Washington Post.

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