Bantuan:IPA untuk bahasa Slovenia

Tabel di bawah menunjukkan cara pelafalan Alfabet Fonetis Internasional (IPA) dalam peranannya sebagai perwakilan bunyi dalam bahasa Slovenia di artikel-artikel Wikipedia. Untuk panduan mengenai menambah karakter IPA ke artikel-artikel Wikipedia, lihat {{IPA-sl}}.

Lihat fonologi bahasa Serbo-Kroasia untuk rincian bunyi bahasa tersebut.

Huruf mati
IPA Contoh Padanan bahasa Indonesia atau

Inggris yang paling mendekati

b bob bab
d dan di
dz brivec brije[1] heads
ez jam
f film fam
ɡ gora gong
ɣ vrh drevesa[1] rasgo Spanyol
j jaz[2] yang
k kolo kau
l luka[2] hal
m morje, Istanbul[3] map
ɱ simfonija, informacija[3] amfibi
n ne[3][2] nan
ŋ banka[3] sang
p pet pak
ɾ robot batter (Inggris Amerika)
s stol sang
ʃ šum syair
t ti tong
ts car tuts
čaj cincang
v filozof Dolar[1] van
ʋ voda
w cerkev[4] wan
x harfa khatulistiwa
z zima zaman
ʒ žaba fusion
Combinations of vowels and tone[5]
Huruf hidup nada rendah atau "naik"
IPA Ejaan
tekan
Ejaan
nada[6][7]
Contoh Padanan bahasa Indonesia atau

Inggris yang paling mendekati

àː á danes ban
ɛ̀ː ê é zemlja square Inggris Britania
èː é ẹ́ cerkev pel
ə̀ è ə̀ sem (stressed) emas
ə̀ɾ ŕ vrba verb Inggris Amerika dengan r Indonesia
ìː í hiša yin
ɔ̀ː ô ó poten dog
òː ó ọ́ erotičen nol
ùː ú truplo ufuk
Huruf hidup nada tinggi atau "jatuh"
á à ȁ brat ban
áː á ȃ grad ban dengan a panjang
ɛ́ è ȅ met let
ɛ́ː ê ȇ adverb square Inggris Britania
éː é ẹ̑ kreda pei
ə́ è ə̏ pes emas
ə́ɾ ŕ ȓ tržnica verb Inggris Amerika dengan r Indonesia
í ì ȉ bik yin
íː í ȋ list yin dengan i panjang
ɔ́ ò ȍ on off
ɔ́ː ô ȏ alkova dog
óː ó ọ̑ pot nol
ú ù ȕ kruh ufuk
úː ú ȗ romunščina ufuk dengan u panjang
ý ǜ ü̏ Türk[8] gyudon
Huruf hidup takbertekanan
a a žena ban, tetapi lebih pendeng
ɛ e e medved let
ə ə danes emas
əɾ er, r ər, r koder, potrditi verb Inggris Amerika dengan r Indonesia
i i biti yin
ɔ o potok lot
u u mamut ufuk
Penekanan[7]
IPA Ejaan
tekan
Ejaan
nada
Contoh Penjelasan
ˈ N/A [ˈsə̀m] Penekanan utama

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ a b c [dz, ɣ, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000)).
  2. ^ a b c Orthographic sequences lj, nj, rj are pronounced /lj, nj, rj/ only if a vowel follows; otherwise, the /j/ is not pronounced. For rj, it is reflected in the orthography, but for lj, nj it is not.
  3. ^ a b c d Nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Before velar consonants they are [ŋ], and before labial consonants they are [m]; the labiodental [ɱ] appears before /f/ and /ʋ/. Orthographic n before p and b is rare and is confined mostly to loanwords.
  4. ^ In Standard Slovene, [w] is an allophone of /v/ (also /l/ in some cases) before consonants and pauses (Šuštaršič, Komar & Petek (1999)).
  5. ^ Some scholars have found that vowel length in Standard Slovene is no longer distinctive, (Šuštaršič, Komar & Petek (1999), Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF). , Srebot-Rejec (1988)) and the only differences in vowel length are that the stressed vowels are longer than the unstressed ones,(Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF). , Šuštaršič, Komar & Petek (1999)) with stressed open syllables longer than stressed closed syllables (Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF). ).
  6. ^ Tonic marks are not part of the orthography but are found in dictionaries such as "Slovenski pravopis 2001".  Tone marks can also be found on r, which signifies the sequence /ər/.
  7. ^ a b Wherever possible, one should transcribe Slovene with both tonic and stress marks. If the correct tones are unknown, it is acceptable to put only a stress-based transcription.[this is clearly not the current practice as there are only a few transcriptions that indicate tone]
  8. ^ /ý/ appears only in loanwords and is often replaced by /í/.

SumberSunting