Anne Hutchinson

Anne Hutchinson, lahir Anne Marbury (15911643) adalah seorang wanita Puritan, penasehat spiritual, ibu dari 15 orang, dan peserta penting dalam Kontroversi Antinomian yang mengguncang Koloni Teluk Massachusetts yang baru lahir antara tahun 1636 hingga tahun 1638. Keyakinan yang kuat akan agama yang bertentangan dengan pendeta Puritan mapan di wilayah Boston, dan popularitas dan karisma membantu menciptakan perpecahan teologis yang mengancam untuk menghancurkan percobaan agama kaum Puritan di New England. Dia akhirnya diadili dan dihukum, kemudian diusir dari koloni dengan banyak pendukungnya.

Anne Hutchinson
A woman standing before a table behind which are seated several men, with several other men occupying seats against the walls of the room
Anne Hutchinson on Trial oleh Edwin Austin Abbey
LahirAnne Marbury
Dibaptis 20 Juli 1591
Alford, Lincolnshire, Inggris
MeninggalAgustus 1643
New Netherland (kemudian The Bronx, New York)
KebangsaanInggris
PendidikanSekolah dirumah dan otodidak
PekerjaanBidan
Dikenal atasPerannya dalam Kontroversi Antinomian
Suami/istriWilliam Hutchinson
AnakEdward, Susanna, Richard, Faith, Bridget, Francis, Elizabeth, William, Samuel, Anne, Mary, Katherine, William, Susanna, Zuriel
Orang tuaReverend Francis Marbury dan Bridget Dryden
KerabatNenek dari Gubernur Peleg Sanford
Nenek buyut dari Gubernur Thomas Hutchinson
Nenek moyak dari Presiden Amerika Serikat Franklin D. Roosevelt, George H. W. Bush dan George W. Bush

BostonSunting

Kontorversi AntinomianSunting

BibliografiSunting

  • Barr, Lockwood (1946). A brief, but most complete & true Account of the Settlement of the Ancient Town of Pelham, Westchester County, State of New York. Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press, Inc. 
  • Battis, Emery (1981). "Mrs. Hutchinson's Behavior in Terms of Menopausal Symptoms". Dalam Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 16–17. 
  • Bolton, Reginald Pelham (July 1922). "The Home of Mistress Ann Hutchinson". New York Historical Society Quarterly Review. VI: 43–52. 
  • Bremer, Francis J. (1981). Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 1–8. 
  • Champlin, John Denison (1913). "The Tragedy of Anne Hutchinson". Journal of American History. 5 (3): 1–11. 
  • Dunn, Mary Maples (1981). "Saints and Sisters". Dalam Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 112–123. 
  • Lauter, Paul (2006). The Heath Anthology of American Literature. A. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 
  • Morgan, Edmund S (1981). "The Case Against Anne Hutchinson". Dalam Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 51–57. 
  • Morris, Richard B (1981). "Jezebel Before the Judges". Dalam Bremer, Francis J. Anne Hutchinson: Troubler of the Puritan Zion. Huntington, New York: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company. hlm. 58–64. 
  • Pritchard, Evan T. (2002). Native New Yorkers: the legacy of the Algonquin people of New York. San Francisco: Council Oak Books. 
  • Roberts, Gary Boyd (2008). The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States ... with a 2008 Addendum. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. 
  • Rothbard, Murray (1975). "Suppressing Heresy: The Flight of Anne Hutchinson". Conceived in Liberty. 1. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House Publishers. 
  • Winship, Michael Paul (2005). The Times and Trials of Anne Hutchinson: Puritans Divided. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1380-3. 

Sumber daring

  • "The Daily Planet". City of New York Parks and Recreation. 19 July 2001. Diakses tanggal 10 August 2012. 

Bacaan lebih lanjutSunting

  • Curtis, Edith Roelker (1930). Anne Hutchinson: A Biography. Cambridge: Washburn & Thomas. 
  • Ditmore, Michael G. (2000). "A Prophetess in Her Own Country: an Exegesis of Anne Hutchinson's 'Immediate Revelation". William and Mary Quarterly. 57 (2): 349–392. doi:10.2307/2674479.  The article includes an annotated transcription of Hutchinson's "Immediate Revelation."
  • Huber, Elaine C. (1985). Women and the Authority of Inspiration: A Re-examination of Two Movements from a Contemporary Feminist Perspective. Lantham, Massachusetts: University Press of America. 
  • Leonardo, Bianca; Rugg, Winifred K. (1995). Anne Hutchinson: Unsung Heroine of History. Tree of Life Publications. 

Pranala luarSunting